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stress-strain behavior

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a detailed analysis of the cyclic stress-strain behavior of materials under uniaxial stress and strain cycling. It first considers the case of a stable material under constant-amplitude strain cycling then broadens the discussion to materials that harden...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... stress-strain behavior and the differences between related terms, such as stress and force and strain and elongation. It considers the parts of a tensile test, namely, test-piece preparation, geometry, and material condition; test setup and equipment; and test procedures. The chapter provides information...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of the tensile testing procedure used for evaluating metals and alloys. The discussion covers the stress-strain behavior of metals determined by tensile testing, properties determined from testing, test machines for measuring mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... behavior. Therefore, on either loading or unloading, the initial or short-time portion of the stress-strain curve will produce unrelaxed behavior whereas the later, longer-time portions of the curve will produce more relaxed behavior. The transition from unrelaxed to relaxed behavior produces a loading...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... and the resultant stress is determined, Young’s modulus can be determined from the slope of the engineering stress-strain curve. For conventional structural materials such as steel, whose behavior is linear, the modulus can be calculated from the apparent stress and strain at any point as long as it is taken below...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
.... Source: Ref 2 Fig. 6 Elastic and plastic behavior during tensile loading. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 7 Transition from elastic to plastic behavior. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 11 True stress-true strain behavior. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 8 Discontinuous yielding in plain carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... with a very sensitive extensometer. (Strain gages should be used for lateral strains.) Accurate results can also be obtained by velocity-of-sound measurements (unless the modulus is very low or the damping is high, as with polymers). When the stress rises high enough, the stress-strain behavior will cease...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... temperatures, typical ductile stress-strain behavior, with strains up to 0.16, is reflected in Fig. 11.7 . The good ductility at relatively low stresses is produced by dislocation motion and multiplication, as described earlier. However, with decreasing temperature there is a sharp increase in yield strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... commonly encountered creep behavior of engineering interest. Segment OO 3 contains the instantaneous elastic and any plastic strain response to an applied tensile stress. Transient creep strain dominates the primary or first stage of creep deformation ( O 3 to A 3 ). After A 3 , the creep curve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews the fundamentals of stress, strain, and deformation and demonstrates some of the tools and techniques used to analyze how materials and structures respond to tension, compression, bending, and shear. It begins with an overview of the behavior of perfectly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on mechanical behavior under conditions of uniaxial tension during tensile testing. It begins with a discussion on the parameters that are used to describe the engineering stress-strain curve of a metal, namely, tensile strength, yield strength or yield...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... mean stress. Of course, cycle-dependent strain ratcheting may occur under force control when cyclic plasticity is involved. This behavior is discussed subsequently. Fig. 4.1 Generation of mean stress under force-controlled limits Mean stress may also be induced by strain control ( Fig...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... are designated, respectively, K S and K e . The subscripts S and e refer to nominal engineering stress and strain. For linear elastic behavior, K s = K e = K t . Many different methods can be used to determine the elastic stress and strain concentration factors. Among them is the analytical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract The mechanical behavior of a material, in the most practical sense, is how it deforms or breaks under load; in other words, how it responds when stressed. This chapter provides a brief review of the properties associated with mechanical behavior, including stress, strain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... to plane stress condition, and it could not exactly capture the variation of plastic strain and yield stress along different in-plane directions in aluminum alloys obtained from the tensile test ( Ref 5.5 – 5.7 ). Barlat and colleagues ( Ref 5.8 ) proposed yield criteria to better describe the behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
...), the deformed grains dissolve and nucleate new strain-free grains in a process known as recrystallization. With increasing temperature, the metal or alloy goes through three progressive steps: recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. Residual stresses are relieved during recovery, but strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and strain rate affect the SCC behavior of zirconium and its alloys. It describes environments known to induce SCC, including aqueous solutions, organic liquids, hot and fused salts, and liquid metals. It also discusses cracking mechanisms and SCC prevention and control techniques. stress-corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...Abstract Abstract The stress-strain curves in this data set are representative examples of the behavior of several cast alloys under tensile or compressive loads. The curves are arranged by alloy designation. Each figure cites the original source of the curve and provides pertinent background...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the forming characteristics of dual-phase (DP) and transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels. It begins with a review of the mechanical behavior of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) and how they respond to stress-strain conditions associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... as engineering and true stress-strain curves, calling attention to certain points and features and what they reveal about the test sample and, in some cases, the cause of the behavior observed. It explains, for example, why some materials exhibit discontinuous yielding while others do not, and in such cases, how...