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stress concentration

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... of a component by a weld: stress concentration due to weld shape and joint geometry; stress concentration due to weld imperfections; and residual welding stresses. Inspection and characterization of welds are described in the final section of this chapter. cast iron fusion welding residual stress solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and growth occurs. It describes the most effective methods of improving fatigue life. The chapter also explains the effect of geometrical stress concentrations on fatigue. In addition, it explores the environmental effects of corrosion fatigue, low-temperature fatigue, high-temperature fatigue, and thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... understanding of both the stress and strength gradients of metal parts with and without stress concentrations and under different types of loading is provided. The chapter also describes the effect of service conditions on applied stresses. fracture strength gradients stress stress distribution...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract Stress severity factors are used in design and analysis to account for stress concentrations, variations in material properties and fabrication quality, and other analytical uncertainties. They indicate the severity of stress in areas that are prone to crack development...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and shear. Important tensile properties that can be determined by the tensile test include yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, ductility, resilience, and toughness. The chapter describes the effects of stress concentrations on ductile metals under cyclic loads. Other topics covered include combined...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... of stress concentration factors and how they are determined for the general case and for specific geometries, materials, and surface conditions. The chapter covers both elastic and plastic fatigue behaviors as well as a wide range of methods. It also explains how small nuances in loading can introduce...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... concentrations at flaw tips. As a result, even relatively small flaws (20 to 50 μm in radius) can cause glasses and ceramics to fail. This chapter examines the propensity of flaws to grow in glass and ceramic materials exposed to different environments, especially water, at stresses well below those that would...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Fig. 44 Typical short crack growth rate behaviors in comparison to typical large crack behavior. Source: Adapted from Ref 22 Fig. 43 Fatigue crack closure mechanisms in metals. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 45 Effect of geometrical stress concentrations on fatigue life. Source: Ref 23...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... that designers may gain by designing components as castings to achieve low stress concentrations economically. brittle fracture corrosion design considerations ductile to brittle transition fatigue resistance high cycle fatigue low cycle fatigue steel castings stress concentration factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... subjected them to high stress concentrations in the fillet region. They also concluded that the intergranular nature of the fracture, as revealed by scanning electron fractography, pointed to hydrogen embrittlement as a contributing factor. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on the fracture characteristics, as described in the report, the vane failed in fatigue due to a crack that initiated in an area of stress concentration. fatigue failure fractography water turbine runner Summary Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... describing the effects of temperature variations on mechanical properties, both in tension and in compression. The nonlinear behavior of gray cast iron caused by the graphite flakes is then described. Finally, the effect of stress concentrations on high-strength metals is considered. elastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... and brittle fracture and explains how they reshaped design philosophies, procedures, and tools. It also discusses the influence of material and manufacturing defects, operating conditions, stress concentration and intensity, temperature and pressure, and cyclic loading, all of which play a role in the onset...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... that concentrate strains, preventing or removing surface damage, and by inducing compressive mean stresses that prolong fatigue life. It also discusses the use of property conditioning and restoration treatments, the benefits of interference fits and processes such as coaxing, the effects of assembly damage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... stress-strain behavior and the differences between related terms, such as stress and force and strain and elongation. It considers the parts of a tensile test, namely, test-piece preparation, geometry, and material condition; test setup and equipment; and test procedures. The chapter provides information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Heating Induction Hardening of Machine Parts Magnetic Flux Concentrators Conditions in Induction Heating and Quenching of Machine Parts Time-Temperature Dependence in Induction Heating Quenching Systems for Induction Hardening Time Variation of Stresses and Residual Stresses Workpiece...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract Although zirconium resists stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) where many alloys fail, it is susceptible in Fe3+- and Cu2+-containing solutions, concentrated HNO3, halogen vapors, mercury, cesium, and CH3OH + halides. This chapter explains how composition, texture, stress levels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... (a) , ksi Notch factor ( K f ) (b) Stress-concentration factor ( K t ) 0.3% C 57.4 None 37 … … Whitworth 21 1.76 3.86 American Std. 13 2.84 5.62 SAE2320 109 None 73 … … Whitworth 22 3.32 3.86 American Std. 19 3.85 5.82 (a) Repeated tension ( R = 0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... (circular or elliptical), hole size to sheet width ratio, and material (isotropic or orthotropic). A2.1 Infinite Sheet For the case of an isotropic sheet, stress-concentration factors at the tip of the major axis of an elliptical hole in an infinite sheet have been given by Inglis ( Ref A2.2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Element Code to Analysis of Cracks , AIAA J. , Vol 32 , 1994 , p 828 – 835 10.2514/3.12060 1.13. Peterson R.E. , Stress Concentration Factors , John Wiley & Sons , 1974 10.1002/9780470172674 1.14. Pilkey W.D. , Peterson’s Stress Concentration Factors , 2nd ed...