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strength testing methods

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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 7 Flexure strength standard test methods; all dimensions in mm. Source: S. Lampman, ASM International More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... of Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum, and Magnesium Alloy Products,” B 557, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 3.01 , ASTM , 1999 Wedge Tensile Testing of Fasteners Short Fasteners and Studs Wedge Tensile Testing Wedge-Tensile Testing of Studs Method 2A, Yield Strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Fig. 1 Lamina coordinate system Fig. 2 Schematic showing typical specimen-mounting method for determining single-filament tensile strength Fig. 3 Specimen for tensile testing of composites as defined in ASTM D 3039. L g = gage length; L T = tab length; L τ = tab...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... analysis. composites fracture toughness testing peel testing shear testing specimen preparation tension testing WHEN HIGH-STRENGTH composites were first developed in the 1960s, the same test methods for homogeneous and isotropic metals were initially used; however, since composite materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Tension Testing of High-Strength Sheet Materials” Fig. 24 Examples of gripping methods for tensile test pieces. (a) Round specimen with threaded grips. (b) Gripping with serrated wedges with hatched region showing bad practice of wedges extending below the outer holding ring. (c) Butt-end...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings ASTM D 2105-01(2007)e1 Standard Test Method for Longitudinal Tensile Properties of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe and Tube ASTM D 2290-08 Standard Test Method for Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... loading. Flexural Strength Test (ASTM D 790 and ISO 178) Flexural strength or cross-breaking strength is the maximum stress developed when a bar-shaped testpiece, acting as a simple beam, is subjected to a bending force. Two methods are used: three-point bending ( Fig. 10 ) and four-point bending...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., and general procedures of tensile testing. Three distinct aspects of standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials are discussed: test piece preparation, geometry, and material condition; test setup and equipment; and test procedure. mechanical properties metallic materials stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... material behavior because they are not as sensitive to factors that influence brittle fracture ( Ref 3 ). A brittle material will be nearly linear-elastic to failure, providing a well-defined ultimate compressive strength. The following table lists competing factors that influence the test method choice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... on materials with an impact strength below 14 J (10 ft · lbf). The bar is conventionally struck on the surface that contacted the die at molding. Proof Testing The most common method of demonstrating the strength of sintered parts is through mechanical tests that stress parts to failure. Qualification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... in the qualification and approval of compounds employed in aircraft maintenance operations G 34 Test Method for Exfoliation Corrosion Susceptibility in 2 xxx and 7 xxx Series Aluminum Alloys (EXCO Test) Describes a procedure for evaluating exfoliation resistance of high-strength alloys by continuous immersion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... It is a nondestructive method that can be used to predict the strength of metals. The correlation between tensile strength and hardness for steels, brass, and nodular cast iron are shown in Fig. 4 . All heat treated steels are subjected to hardness testing to verify that the heat treatment produced the correct hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Joints Mechanically fastened structural joints, such as riveted joints and high-strength bolted joints, are used in many fatigue-critical applications, and a considerable amount of fatigue testing of mechanically fastened structural joints has been performed to support the development of fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... and strongest effect of surface strengthening. Simplified Smith curves were plotted to determine the fatigue resistance for at least three methods of bending (the Wöhler curve), as well as static strength and yield strength for a given type of loading and materials. The fatigue tests were carried out...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in properties. Removing an additive may increase modulus, decrease weight, or accelerate the deterioration of electrical properties, such as insulation resistance, dielectric constant, power factor, and dielectric strength. Test Methods This section describes the tests used to predict the behavior...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... displacement. Ductile-to-brittle transition temperature testing by methods such as the Charpy and Izod tests are the oldest and still most widely used. Griffith’s Theory of Brittle Fracture The fracture strength of a solid should be a function of the cohesive forces that hold the atoms together. Using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... of coating internal elements such as the internal layers and individual lamellas. ASTM C633, “Standard Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesion Strength of Thermal Spray Coatings,” [ 1 ] is the baseline and mandatory process to follow for tensile testing of bond strength of thermal spray coatings. The test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... Strength vs. toughness trend line for austenitic stainless steels at 4 K. Figure 8.10 Fracture toughness vs. strength level for a wide variety of commercial alloys tested at 295 and 4 K. Figure 8.11 Temperature dependence of fracture toughness for various nonaustenitic steels, showing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... stress on the tensile curve is the ultimate tensile strength ( S UTS ). Percent elongation is frequently measured using the tensile test, but proper measurement requires measuring the amount of permanent strain from a set of gauge marks on the broken tensile bar (see the method in ASTM E8). Young’s...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... standard test methods; all dimensions in mm. Source: S. Lampman, ASM International Fig. 5 Specimens for indirect tensile tests. (a) Theta specimen, which provides uniaxial tension for central member when specimen is loaded in diametral compression. (b) Trussed beam specimen, which provides...