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stray-current corrosion control

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., the effects of the chemical reactions occurring at the surface of the protected structure, and the effects of cathodic protection on coatings. corrosion control cathodic protection anodic protection sacrificial cathodic protection systems impressed-current cathodic protection systems stray currents...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... fatigue, and selective leaching. It discusses the use of corrosion inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, pH control, and Pourbaix diagrams. corrosion mitigation crevice corrosion pitting corrosion stray current corrosion Pourbaix diagrams THE WORD CORRODE is derived from the Latin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Unlike dc stray-current corrosion, induced-ac corrosion cannot be mitigated by adjusting the pipe to soil potential of the pipe. It is controlled by removing the ac from the pipeline and flowing the current to earth via ground beds or zinc anodes. Prevention of Stray-Current Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses three related corrosion mechanisms, galvanic, deposition, and stray-current corrosion, explaining why they occur and how they affect the corrosion process. It includes information on testing and prevention methods along with examples of the type...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion covered include differential cell corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and stray current corrosion. external corrosion stress-corrosion cracking oil and natural gas pipelines corrosion prevention corrosion mitigation corrosion detection corrosion assessment corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-Grain Attack Stray-Current Effects Galvanic Corrosion Corrosion under Insulation Stress Surfaces High-Temperature Service The basic factors that most influence design for corrosion resistance are summarized in Table 3 . Each factor plays a unique yet not always unrelated role...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.../Manganese Bacteria Slime Formers Aeration and Water-Retention Characteristics Soil Acidity Dissolved Salts and Soil Resistivity Presence of Biological Species Galvanic Corrosion Stray-Current Corrosion General Resistance Localized Attack Hydrogen Grooving Gray Cast Iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...; ambient environment (seasonal changes, etc.); trace contamination of ionic species (for example, heavy metal ions, chlorine, ammonia, etc.) Miscellaneous sources Stray currents; conductive paths; composites (for example, concrete rebars) Summary of insulation materials properties Table 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... (cellulose-filled) 4–15 Phenolics (glass-filled) 5–7 Phenolics (mica-filled) 4.7–7.5 Silicones (glass-filled) 3.1–4.5 Source: Ref 1 Sequence of 1 min current steps in the high-voltage, low-current, dry arc resistance test Table 5 Sequence of 1 min current steps in the high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... R. , Galvanic Corrosion , Forms of Corrosion-Recognition and Prevention , Dillon C.P. , Ed., NACE International , 1982 • Chaker V. , Ed., Corrosion Effect of Stray Currents and the Techniques for Evaluating Corrosion of Rebars in Concrete , Corrosion of Rebars in Concrete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... of the environment depends on its composition and the presence of impurities such as heavy metal ions. Physical variables are temperature, degree of movement and agitation, and pressure. Another physical variable that can cause corrosion of aluminum is the presence of stray electrical currents (alternating or direct...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... reaction occurs in a thin aqueous layer on the surface of the metal. Galvanic and stray current corrosion are not environment specific but rather can occur in any of the environments mentioned earlier. Localized corrosion is described as corrosion that occurs at discrete locations on a material. While...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... cases, produce changes in electrode potential. corrosion current density electrode kinetics half-cell reaction polarization Electrochemical cells associated with corrosion obviously are not at equilibrium. Net anodic and cathodic currents flow to and from the surface over areas that can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... applications involving HF and HCl as well as for impressed-current anodes in cathodic protection systems. Cypress, pine, and redwood are the woods most often used for corrosion applications. Cooling tower internals, filter press parts, structural members, barrels, and tanks often are made of wood. Wooden...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...: Lepel Corp. Fig. 8.41 Illustration (a) of one type of transverse coil for heating a thin section; sketch in (b) indicates the current path in the workpiece. From F. W. Curtis, High Frequency Induction Heating , McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950 ( Ref 1 ) Fig. 8.40 Tapped forging coils...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ., “ Improvements on De Waard-Milliams Corrosion Prediction and Applications to Corrosion Management ,” paper 02235, Corrosion/2002 , NACE International, April 2002 31. Ewing S.P. , Corrosion by Stray Current , Corrosion Handbook , Uhlig H.H. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1948 , p 601...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... currents. It should be pointed out that the production of aluminum takes a lot of electrical energy. Because recycling aluminum takes much less energy, a large portion of general-purpose aluminum is currently made from recycled material. Fig. 2.5 Electrolytic cell used to produce aluminum. Courtesy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... important characteristics of magnetically soft alloys are as follows: Low hysteresis loss (easy domain movement during magnetization) Low eddy-current loss from electric currents induced by flux changes High magnetic permeability and sometimes constant permeability at low field strengths High...