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stray-current corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of major sources of stray current that can cause corrosion and discusses several ways to prevent damage from stray-current corrosion. stray current corrosion corrosion prevention STRAY-CURRENT CORROSION is caused by an externally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses three related corrosion mechanisms, galvanic, deposition, and stray-current corrosion, explaining why they occur and how they affect the corrosion process. It includes information on testing and prevention methods along with examples of the type...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... or salts of the base material. This chapter discusses the process of corrosion and how to prevent or mitigate its effects. It describes several forms of corrosion, including uniform, intergranular, pitting, crevice, and stray-current corrosion, and the effects of stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion covered include differential cell corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and stray current corrosion. external corrosion stress-corrosion cracking oil and natural gas pipelines corrosion prevention corrosion mitigation corrosion detection corrosion assessment corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of these protection systems. The types of cathodic protection systems include sacrificial cathodic protection and impressed-current cathodic protection systems. Some of the technical problems associated with cathodic protection include the effects of stray currents on the corrosion of adjacent metal structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.../Manganese Bacteria Slime Formers Aeration and Water-Retention Characteristics Soil Acidity Dissolved Salts and Soil Resistivity Presence of Biological Species Galvanic Corrosion Stray-Current Corrosion General Resistance Localized Attack Hydrogen Grooving Gray Cast Iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... reaction occurs in a thin aqueous layer on the surface of the metal. Galvanic and stray current corrosion are not environment specific but rather can occur in any of the environments mentioned earlier. Localized corrosion is described as corrosion that occurs at discrete locations on a material. While...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...; ambient environment (seasonal changes, etc.); trace contamination of ionic species (for example, heavy metal ions, chlorine, ammonia, etc.) Miscellaneous sources Stray currents; conductive paths; composites (for example, concrete rebars) Summary of insulation materials properties Table 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-Grain Attack Stray-Current Effects Galvanic Corrosion Corrosion under Insulation Stress Surfaces High-Temperature Service The basic factors that most influence design for corrosion resistance are summarized in Table 3 . Each factor plays a unique yet not always unrelated role...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... of the environment depends on its composition and the presence of impurities such as heavy metal ions. Physical variables are temperature, degree of movement and agitation, and pressure. Another physical variable that can cause corrosion of aluminum is the presence of stray electrical currents (alternating or direct...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ., “ Improvements on De Waard-Milliams Corrosion Prediction and Applications to Corrosion Management ,” paper 02235, Corrosion/2002 , NACE International, April 2002 31. Ewing S.P. , Corrosion by Stray Current , Corrosion Handbook , Uhlig H.H. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1948 , p 601...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... (cellulose-filled) 4–15 Phenolics (glass-filled) 5–7 Phenolics (mica-filled) 4.7–7.5 Silicones (glass-filled) 3.1–4.5 Source: Ref 1 Sequence of 1 min current steps in the high-voltage, low-current, dry arc resistance test Table 5 Sequence of 1 min current steps in the high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... currents. It should be pointed out that the production of aluminum takes a lot of electrical energy. Because recycling aluminum takes much less energy, a large portion of general-purpose aluminum is currently made from recycled material. Fig. 2.5 Electrolytic cell used to produce aluminum. Courtesy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... is under cathodic control. The anodic current density on the more active metal or alloy is extremely large; therefore, the resulting polarization leads to more pronounced galvanic corrosion. The opposite area ratio—large active member surface, smaller noble member surface—produces only slightly accelerated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... electrolytes Remote anodes possible Low capital investment for large systems Can cause the following problems: Stray current corrosion Hydrogen embrittlement Coating debonding Cathodic corrosion of aluminum Catastrophic corrosion failures such as the one shown in Fig. 8 have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... R. , Galvanic Corrosion , Forms of Corrosion-Recognition and Prevention , Dillon C.P. , Ed., NACE International , 1982 • Chaker V. , Ed., Corrosion Effect of Stray Currents and the Techniques for Evaluating Corrosion of Rebars in Concrete , Corrosion of Rebars in Concrete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... applications involving HF and HCl as well as for impressed-current anodes in cathodic protection systems. Cypress, pine, and redwood are the woods most often used for corrosion applications. Cooling tower internals, filter press parts, structural members, barrels, and tanks often are made of wood. Wooden...