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strain hardening

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... of plastic strain in metal forming can be transformed into a single strain value that represents the strain in simple tension with the equivalent amount of hardening. This single plastic strain (rate) value is called equivalent strain ( rate ). The von Mises equivalent plastic strain, ε...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... and how hardening laws are used to predict strain-hardening behaviors. elastic strain levy-mises equations plastic deformation sheet metal forming strain hardening strain rate WHEN A MATERIAL is deformed, two types of deformation occur: elastic and plastic. Elastic deformation is always...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... information as available. Compressive tangent modulus curves are presented for certain alloys. The effects of cyclic loading are given on several curves. aluminum alloys compressive tangent modulus curves cyclic hardening stress-strain curves This collection of stress-strain curves...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... and Krauss G. , Microstructure and High Bending Fatigue Strength in Carburized Steel , Carburizing: Processing and Performance , Krauss G. , Ed., ASM International , 1989 , p 227 – 238 21.58 Zaccone M.A. , Kelley B. , and Krauss G. , Strain Hardening and Fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
.... The combination of a fine precipitate size and the localized strain fields is an effective barrier to dislocation movement. For effective precipitation hardening, either a coherent or semicoherent interface must be present. The lattice distortion produced by a coherent precipitate, which impedes dislocation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... be precipitation hardened. The iron- and nickel-base superalloys are another particularly important class of precipitation-hardening alloys. In the nickel-base superalloys, the precipitate Ni 3 (Al,Ti) has very little lattice misfit with the nickel matrix (< 2%), which produces very low strain energies (~10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter discusses the stress-strain response of ferritic microstructures and its influence on tensile deformation, strain hardening, and ductile fracture of carbon steels. It describes the ductile-to-brittle transition that occurs in bcc ferrite, the effects of aging and grain size...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... of a compression stress-strain curve OA ′ B ′ with its compression yield stress (or elastic limit in compression) at point A ′. These two curves are similar and symmetrically positioned. In other words, the degrees of work hardening and the absolute yield stresses are the same for both tension and compression...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... the results of simulations conducted to assess the influence of blank diameter, thickness, and holding force as well as strain-hardening and strength coefficients. It also discusses the cause of defects in deep drawn rectangular cups and presents the case study of a deep drawn rectangular cup made from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... force, sample lengthening, and machine stiffness, and with mechanical properties and parameters such as elastic modulus, Young’s modulus, strength coefficient, strain-hardening exponent, and modulus of resilience. They also cover a wide range of materials including various grades of aluminum and steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... transformations of the main classes of metals and alloys during fusion welding. The main classes include work- or strain-hardened metals and alloys, precipitation-hardened alloys, transformation-hardened steels and cast irons, stainless steels, and solid-solution and dispersion-hardened alloys. The following...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract This chapter summarizes the performance attributes of advanced high-strength steels, namely stiffness, strength, strain hardening, fatigue, crashworthiness, formability, toughness, and bake hardening. advanced high-strength steels stiffness mechanical strength strain hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract This appendix provides information on temper designations for strain-hardened aluminum, heat treatable aluminum alloys, and annealed aluminum products. aluminum aluminum alloys annealing strain hardening temper designation THE TEMPER DESIGNATION SYSTEM used in the United...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract The various types of stainless steel have very different deformation characteristics in terms of strain hardening and anisotropy. It is important to understand and exploit these characteristics to optimize forming of stainless steels. This chapter discusses the various deformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, alloying characteristics, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, advantages, limitations, and applications of martensitic, semiaustenitic, and austenitic precipitation-hardenable stainless steels. mechanical properties corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., the effect of grain size and crystal orientation, the concept of texture strengthening, and the principles of strain hardening and superplasticity. It also discusses the effect of annealing and the difference between recrystallization and neocrystallization processes. annealing deformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... , p 309 – 328 50. Fletcher A.J. , Thermal Stress and Strain Generation in Heat Treatment, Chapter 9.2 , Induction Hardening , Elsevier Applied Science , London and New York , 1989 , p 182 – 187 51. Seulen G. and Voss H. , Oberflächenhärtung mil Induktionserhitzung...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes involved in the heat treatment of steel, namely austenitizing, hardening, quenching, and tempering. It begins with an overview of austenitizing of steels by induction heating, followed by a discussion on the processes involved in transformation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... and is permanently deformed when the load is removed. The stress to produce continued plastic deformation increases with increasing strain as the metal strains or work hardens. To a good engineering approximation, the volume remains constant during plastic deformation ( Al = A o l o ), and as the specimen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... forming (ultimate tensile strength: 1400–1500 MPa, or 205–215 ksi; yield strength: 1000–1200 MPa, or 145–175 ksi) TWIP Fully austenite (include 15–25% Mn, Ni, Si, Al) High strength, very high strain hardening, very high ductility, high energy absorption, very expensive (a) DP, dual phase; TRIP...