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steelmaking

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... continuous casting hot cracking ingot casting macrosegregation microporosity nonmetallic inclusions solidification shrinkage steel Modern steelmaking and refining processes are capable of producing large masses of highly homogeneous steel, both chemically and thermally. However, these liquid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Abstract This chapter provides a detailed account of the development of tool steel technology. It begins with a record of steelmaking in ancient and medieval times. The crucible melting process involved in making steel is then discussed. This is followed by a description of the increasing use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... organized labor in the steel industry in the twentieth century. integrated steel industry steelmaking organized labor References 1. Aplet B. , The Corporation: A Centennial Biography of United States Steel Corporation, 1901–2001. Cathedral Publishing , University of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... the minimill industry, and the rapid growth of Mittal Steel. industrial decline integrated steel industry steelmaking References 1. Reutter M. , Sparrows Point , Summit Books , 1988 2. Misa T.J. , A Nation of Steel: The Making of Modern America...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... minimill industry along with the consolidation of the industry into large corporations. The chapter ends by providing information on novel processes developed for making iron. flanged beams flat products minimills railroad rails steelmaking ironmaking There was little change in the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... the development of the Kelly-Bessemer process by Alexander Holley. The chapter then discusses how Andrew Carnegie lowered the cost to produce steel, how he entered the iron and steelmaking industry, and how Captain Billy Jones joined Carnegie to expand Carnegie steel. The chapter further provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... , Ref 1 ). This book established his reputation as a leading metals engineer throughout the industrial world. Howe surveyed all of the published literature on steel from the United States, England, France, Germany, and Russia to develop the book. The bulk of the text covered the processes of steelmaking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter traces the history of steelmaking over three millennia, from the discovery of martensite in a mining tool dating from the twelfth century B.C. to the nineteenth century development of the Bessemer and Siemens processes. It also describes the work of early metallographers who...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... finished steel products by primary processing: inclusions and chemical segregation. Inclusions are nonmetallic compounds introduced during steelmaking and casting, and segregation is a result of chemistry variations produced during dendritic solidification of steels. Such segregation may cause the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
...), some of which involves changes in surface chemistry (thermochemical processing). Steelmaking is the important first step in processing and has evolved over centuries to produce today huge tonnages of high-quality steel. Thus steelmaking, its history, and its effect on the structure of solid steel are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
..., and the reader is referred to the Handbook literature for details of the various tests ( Ref 19.1 , 19.2 ). There are two quite different stages in the life of steel products when difficulties with fracture resistance and cracking may be a problem. The first stage is during steelmaking, steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... precipitation and strong tendency for nitride formation provide the fine particle strengthening of vanadium-containing medium-carbon forging steels. Thus, in addition to vanadium, sufficient nitrogen content is also necessary for maximum strengthening, and electric arc furnace steelmaking, which typically...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Metallurgy of Vacuum-Degassed Steel Products , Pradhan R. , Ed., TMS , Warrendale, PA , 1990 12.18 Physical Metallurgy of IF Steels , The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , Tokyo , 1994 12.19 Cramb A. and Byrne M. , Steelmaking and Casting Practices for High Quality...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... liquid low-carbon steel, are of vital importance for steelmaking, yet the peritectic reaction has received less attention than the eutectoid reaction. However, because of increased production of continuously cast low-carbon steels and the susceptibility to cracking of these steels, there is significant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5