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steel automotive spindle

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... tolerances are seldom possible because of internal stresses left by molding and creep at service temperatures. Manufacturing cost increases exponentially with decreasing dimensional tolerance. Table 12.5 Compatibility between materials and manufacturing processes Process Cast iron Carbon Steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Heat treatment of steel involves a number of processes to condition the microstructure and obtain desired properties. This includes various methods namely, annealing, normalizing, and hardening by quenching and tempering. This chapter focuses on general heat treatment procedures and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... surface hardening, residual stresses after induction surface hardening and finish grinding, and input and output control of steel for induction surface hardening of gears. induction hardening quenching magnetic flux concentrators time-temperature dependence gears steel residual stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... number of spinning cycles for various sheet materials. Tables 12.2 and 12.3 give recommended spindle speeds and feed rates, respectively. Conventionally, forming tools used in spinning are rollers made of tool steel with a chromium content of approximately 12% and a surface hardness between 60...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... stress-strain response of the tool steel. This phenomenon should not be ignored when the die geometry has stress concentration features. Thermal expansion of the tooling is a result of the heat generation during deformation. Relaxation and creep phenomena considerably decrease the prestresses in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... products. The initial applications involved hardening of the surfaces of round steel parts such as shafts. Subsequent surface-hardening techniques were developed for other parts whose shapes are not so simple. Most recently, induction-hardening and tempering techniques have been developed for purposes of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Vibratory finishing Spindle finishing Centrifugal disk finishing Centrifugal barrel finishing Rust-preventive compounds are removable coatings used to protect iron and steel surfaces against corrosive environments during fabrication, storage, or use. Rust-preventive compounds...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... a localized neck develops. A metal with a high work-hardening exponent but a low strength coefficient will achieve a high strength level after a large amount of deformation. Examples include coppers, brasses, and low-carbon steels that are cold worked to produce higher hardness and strength in the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... define the material itself, such as American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 1045. Reference 2 has tables in the appendix that cross-reference to different standards and numbering systems. Next, review the manufacturing source of the material. The workpiece could be made from cold-rolled stock or hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... of the forming rolls. The philosophy of light weight also changes the materials used in roll-formed products. In the automobile industry, conventional steel types are being replaced by high-strength steel (HSS) and advanced high-strength steel (AHSS). The use of lighter materials such as aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... a servo-drive press ( Ref 11.28 ). Cold and warm forming of various advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) is being investigated using servo-drive presses. Tests indicated that in V-bending DP 980 steel, by increasing the reduction in thickness, t o (Δ t / t o ) and the dwell time at BDC from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... steel, combinations of nickel and molybdenum, or copper and molybdenum, or copper, nickel, and manganese are more effective than the separate elements. The synergistic effects of nickel and molybdenum are shown in the Jominy curves in Fig. 8 and Table 5 . Thus, heavy-section castings that require...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... sprocket, the second is a stainless steel automotive exhaust flange, and the third is a cemented carbide metal cutting tool. Hard tooling is costly. Accordingly, initial tool expense makes die compaction undesirable for short production runs. The technology best fits with production of thousands to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... are among the easiest to recycle of any of the structural materials. Desirable properties of aluminum and its alloys include: Aluminum has a density of only 2.7 g/cm 3 (0.10 lb/in. 3 ), approximately one-third as much as steel (7.83 g/cm 3 , or 0.29 lb/in. 3 ). One cubic foot of steel weighs...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... resistance, hardness, chemical inertness, thermal and electrical insulating properties, wear resistance, and mechanical properties of the structural ceramic materials. Ceramics offer advantages for structural applications because their density is approximately one-half the density of steel, and they provide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... for highspeed machining operations (i.e., screw machine production). Copper and copper alloys form one of the major groups of commercial metals, ranking third behind only iron/steel and aluminum in production and consumption. They are widely used because of their excellent electrical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... (approximately 60% of the density of iron) that can be highly strengthened by alloying and deformation processing. Titanium is nonmagnetic and has good heat-transfer properties. Its coefficient of thermal expansion is somewhat lower than that of steels and less than half that of aluminum. Titanium and its alloys...