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steam cutting action

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... It discusses the erosive effect of blowing soot, steam, and fly ash as well as coal particle impingement and falling slag. It also includes several case studies. boiler tubes coal-particle impingement falling slag fire-side erosion fly ash attack soot blowing steam cutting action Erosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... or mechanical properties of the workpiece. Therefore, it is sometimes necessary to cut a small sample from the component to conduct additional testing. In this case, a small “boat” sample or “plug” sample can be taken from a noncritical location on the workpiece. As noted in Ref 1 , a handheld hacksaw...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... are primarily the result of “undesired removal of material from contacting surfaces by mechanical action,” which is the definition of wear, they are included here with other wear phenomena. Abrasive Wear The general category of abrasive wear can be characterized by a single key word: cutting . Abrasive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... or fragment of the metal removed. Another very important characteristic of abrasive wear is the heat that is generated by friction between the two materials. Fig. 1 Idealized representations of the two types of force applications on abrasive wear particles. (a) Represents the cutting or plowing action...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... with respect to both function and the necessary action, for example, from the proposal-to-production planning stages ( Fig. 1 ) ( Ref 28 ). In the practical, real world, however, communication of agreed reasons for failures may not always reach the designer. Indeed, communication to contractors, who...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of erosion is water erosion of shorelines on bodies of water or flowing streams and rivers. Creeks through treeless fields continue to get wider with every heavy rain event. If the creek cuts through fields of just soil, the mechanical action of the flowing water carries away soil from the banks of the creek...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... characterization, and effective remedial actions. induction heat treating manufacturing defects THIS CHAPTER is designed to provide a step-by-step problem-solving sequence to help analyze the causes of nonconforming workpieces and to provide potential solutions. Workpieces can be out of tolerance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... together. This energy may be supplied by a vibrating deck or grate, shaker pan conveyor, or any other type of vibratory mechanical action ( Figure 15-1 ). For small castings, the vibratory shakeout action may be combined with a means of conveying the casting to the location where the next operation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... in a black oxidized layer that is less than 5 μm (0.2 mil) thick and will not peel, chip, or crack, even when the tool is bent or cut. Tool life improvements due to steam oxidation are listed in Table 5 . Machining tool life improvements due to steam oxidation Table 5 Machining tool life improvements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490265-ref6">Ref 6</xref>) Table 6.1. Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components ( Ref 6 ) Component Position Cause of life exhaustion Time of remedial action...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... ). Fig. 5.43. Preliminary issues and level I and level II assessments of superheater outlet headers ( Ref 76 ). Fig. 5.44. Level III assessment of superheater outlet headers ( Ref 76 ). Fig. 5.45. Road map for steam-pipe assessment ( Ref 16 ). Fig. 5.28. Empirical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... by these treatments. These oxide layers are remarkably adherent under service conditions and result in significant increases in cutting tool performance and life, as shown in Tables 16-1 and 16-2 . Machining tool life improvements due to steam oxidation Table 16-1 Machining tool life improvements due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . Erosion Erosion can be defined as the removal of surface material by the action of numerous individual impacts of solid or liquid particles. Erosive wear should not be confused with abrasive or sliding wear, because the mechanisms of material removal, and therefore...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... abrasive particles against the surface of the workpiece. Small, irregular particles of metal are used as the abrasive in gritblasting; sand, in sandblasting; and steel, in shotblasting. bluing. Subjecting the scale-free surface of a ferrous alloy to the action of air, steam, or other agents at a suitable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of corrosion on boiler tube surfaces exposed to water and steam. It describes the process of corrosion, the formation of scale, and the oxides of iron from which it forms. It addresses the primary types of corrosion found in boiler environments...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... smooth cutting at this low speed. Grade M2 HSS was an acceptable tool material if nitrided and oxide coated by steam, but best results were obtained using T15 (65 to 67 HRC). All tools made from Tl5 were tempered three times and were oxide coated after grinding. Fig. 10.4 Original (top left) tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., and combinations of these as modified by environment. Elevated-temperature problems are real concerns in industrial applications such as boilers, steam and gas turbine parts, containers in contact with molten metal, heat-treating furnaces and equipment, cement mills, incinerators, exhaust valves and manifolds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... locking mechanisms turbine blades IT IS NOW a well-recognized adage that failures do not just happen; they are caused. There are compelling reasons for investigating failures. Unless the true cause of the failure is discovered, no remedial action is possible to prevent its recurrence. Secondly...