1-20 of 162 Search Results for

statistical distribution

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
...Abstract Abstract Failure analysis can sometimes involve considerations of statistics and probability. This chapter reviews some of the basic types of statistical distributions in order to understand some basic principles in their use. The main focus is on the uses of the normal distribution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... with a section describing the distinction between quality and reliability and moves on to provide an overview of the concept of experiment design along with an example. The chapter then discusses the purposes of reliability engineering and introduces four basic statistical distribution functions useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... as sigma (σ). It is defined as the squares of the difference between each measured value and the average value summed over all data points and divided by the number of data points. The square root of the result is the standard deviation. It can be shown that in a normal statistical distribution, 68.3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... be exposed to in service. Design allowables for composite materials usually assume a normal distribution, although other types of statistical distributions are available and are used. Three types of design allowables are considered: A-basis, B-basis, and S-basis. A-basis and B-basis allowables...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
... in Substitutional Solid Solution Problem 19: Dislocation Mobility Problem 20: Nanocrystalline Materials Problem 21: Hall–Petch Relationship Problem 22: Atomic Packing Near a Twin Boundary Problem 23: Average Distance Between Precipitates Problem 24: Statistical Distribution of Particles on a Plane...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... elements can be considered to have a statistical distribution with values above and below some characteristic strength. If an element is subjected to some value of stress, there is a certain probability that the local strength of the material will be exceeded. As the number of elements in a chain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... , 1978 , p 1 – 29 . 4. Lewis D. , Curve-Fitting Techniques and Ceramics , Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. , Vol 57 (No. 4 ), 1978 , p 434 – 437 . 5. Weibull W. , A Statistical Distribution Function of Wide Applicability , J. Appl. Mech. , Vol 18 , 1951 , p 293 – 297 . 10.1115...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the emerging practice of quantitative microscopy and its application in the study of the microstructure of metals. It describes the methods used to quantify structural gradients, volume fraction, grain size and distribution, and other features of interest...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Distribution of Endurance in Electrochemical Stress-Corrosion Tests , Corrosion , Vol 21 ( No. 5 ), 1965 , p 173 – 177 10.5006/0010-9312-21.5.173 17.75 Harshbarger J.H. , Kemppinen A.I. , and Strum B.W. , Statistical Treatment of Non-normally Distributed Stress-Corrosion Data...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Inspection Typical Equipment Measurement Process Statistical Analysis Control Charts Statistical Summary Report Histograms Other Applications for Computer-Aided Inspection Liquid penetrants will highlight surface defects so that detection is more certain. Liquid penetrant inspection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... formulas for contact and bending to address overload, gear dynamics, size, load distribution, surface condition (contact only), and rim thickness (bending only). Design-allowable stress numbers are modified by further factors that address intended life, operating temperature, reliability, safety factor...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... strength testing because proper sampling allows process control to a normal statistical distribution (i.e., a ± 3σ) minimum acceptance criteria ensures 99.85% confidence of adequate strength. Fig. 11 Spur gear tooth strength test. Source: Ref 17 Surface Durability Surface durability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... were determined for T-400/LY 564 laminates with ±55 and ±45° wind angles for tensile and compression of flat panel test specimens. Philippidis et al. ( Ref 8.18 ) then used six statistical distributions to model the mechanical properties. Because of the scatter, the coefficient of variation is greater...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Fig. 2 Example failure mode distribution snapshot Fig. 1 Example bitmap application Abstract Abstract Semiconductor memories are superb drivers for process yield and reliability improvement because of their highly structured architecture and use of aggressive layout rules...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... for Engineering Research , No. 151, 1939 7.13 Weibull W. , A Statistical Distribution of Wide Applicability , J. Appl. Mech. , Vol 18 , 1951 , p 293 – 297 10.1115/1.4010337 7.14 Manson S.S. , Thermal Stresses and Low-Cycle Fatigue , McGraw-Hill, Inc ., New York , 1966 10.1115...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., <63 μm of irregular particle shape. (d) Cu, 200–315 μm; Fe, 100–200 μm of irregular particle shape. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 14 Schematic representation of particle patterns in a powder mixture. (a) Ordered. (b) Agglomerated. (c) Statistical (random) distribution. (d) Demixed or segregated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ( Ref 24 ) has categorized different statistical distributions for a range of corrosion types. For example, pit depth in a carbon steel freshwater supply pipe was shown to follow a normal (or Gaussian) distribution, whereas the maximum pit depth for a petroleum tank bottom plate was shown...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Parametric timing failures fall into two classes: (1) intrinsic ICs (free of defects), and (2) extrinsic ICs (presence of defects). Intrinsic ICs can fail due to an unfortunate distribution of circuit statistics and/or environmental conditions. An extrinsic IC may have subtle imperfections in vias...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... of normal statistical variation. This may occur, for example, in the case of a mechanical failure if the upper end of the load distribution overlaps the lower end of the strength distribution. Perhaps a change occurred, but the change is unrelated to the failure. When searching for changes that could...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...) with SIL refraction and total reflection is prevented. Figure 15 Spectral distribution for R - PE and F – PE. Figure 16 Voltage dependence of photon emission for different wavelengths in 45nm technology ring oscillators; after [14] . Figure 17 Photon emission spectra...