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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 37 Unit power consumption for free-machining and standard grades of carbon and alloy steels as a function of hardness More
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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 20-1 Ranges of chromium and nickel in standard grades of heat-and corrosion-resistant castings More
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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 22-7 Comparison of standard HP grade, niobium-modified alloys, and micro-alloyed compositions—100,000 hour rupture lives More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 12.10 Chromium and nickel contents in Alloy Castings Institute (ACI) standard grades of heat- and corrosion-resistant steel castings. See text for details. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... delubrication may contain greater than 0.03% C and hence would not meet the “L”-grade criterion. Other PM preferences within the standard ranges of composition are also related to the effects of respective constituents on powder production and powder compaction. The importance of adhering to relatively...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Standard grades 18Ni(200) 18 3.3 8.5 0.2 0.1 … 18Ni(250) 18 5.0 8.5 0.4 0.1 … Low-cobalt 18Ni(250) 18.5 2.6 2.0 1.2 0.1 0.1 18Ni(300) 18 5.0 9.0 0.7 0.1 … 18Ni(350) 18 4.2 (b) 12.5 1.6 0.1 … 18Ni(Cast) 17 4.6 10.0 0.3 0.1 … 12-5-3(180) (c) 12 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... (1200 °F). Grade Designations Martensitic stainless steels can be divided into standard SAE grades and nonstandard grades. Most of the nonstandard grades have been given UNS designations. Table 1 lists the compositions of both standard and representative nonstandard grades. Figure 1 shows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... refer to those steel grades for which specific alloy ranges have been established by American Iron and Steel Institute-Society of Automotive Engineers (AISI-SAE). The standard alloy steel grades established by AISI-SAE have also been assigned designations in the Unified Numbering System (UNS). The UNS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... available. The UNS number consists of a single letter prefix followed by five numerals. The prefix letter G indicates standard grades of carbon or alloy steels, while the prefix letter H indicates standard grades that meet certain hardenability limits. The first four digits of the UNS designations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of austenitic manganese steels. It describes the standard composition ranges of commercial products and explains how various alloying elements affect mechanical properties, processing, and performance. The article also discusses special grades...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... into intermediate-purity alloys ( Table 3 ) and ultrahigh-purity alloys ( Table 4 ). Figure 2 shows the effects of alloying on the properties and processing characteristics of the standard AISI ferritic stainless steels. Nominal chemical composition of representative Group I standard-grade 400-series ferritic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... are shown in Tables 22-3 and 22-4 . The standard grades, which are recognized by ASTM specifications, fall in a range from 0 to 68% nickel with 8 to 32% chromium and the balance primarily iron plus up to 2.5% silicon and 2% manganese. Proprietary alloys and others, which are now in the public domain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... with nodular graphite. Sometimes low carbon grades of CZ100 are requested by customers. The low carbon version almost always leads to gas defects. The low carbon version of CZ100 does not have advantage over the standard grades as the carbon segregates to the graphite while the nickel matrix already has a very...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... matrix microstructure consists of acicular (bainitic) ferrite and austenite (see Fig. 2 ). Fig. 4 Range of tensile strength and elongation values for as-cast and heat-treated ductile irons. Specifications Most of the specifications for standard grades of ductile iron are based...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) numbering system, the Unified Numbering System (UNS), or the proprietary name of the alloy. The AISI system was developed in the 1930s for standard grades of wrought stainless steels and was based principally on production volumes. Of the two institutional numbering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... impoverishes the ferritic matrix and greatly reduces corrosion resistance because chromium carbide has little resistance to most corrosive media. Classification of Wrought Stainless Steels The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has adopted standard designation numbers for approximately 60 grades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., a boron-treated 1541 steel would be written as 15B41. Compositions for six standard grades of boron-treated carbon steels are listed in Table 4 . However, other grades of carbon steels are available as boron-treated grades, usually by special order. Carbon-manganese-boron steels are far less...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... the chemical analysis to be reported. It does not require either heat treatment or mechanical testing. Grade U-60-30 does not require heat treatment, but requires both the chemical analysis and the tensile properties to be reported. A list of standardized supplementary requirements for use with A27 grades may...
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Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 5.21 Metallographic standard for carburized, hardened, and tempered cases in grades A, B, and C gears. (a) Desired high carbon, carburized, hardened, and tempered martensitic case. No retained austenite. No surface oxidation. Acceptable for grade A. (b) Case structure 10% retained More