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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... constancy on the tensile response of isotropic and anisotropic materials, and how infinitesimal strains or strain rates are used to express and analyze instantaneous deformation and local stain. It also discusses the concept of principal strain and strain paths and explains how to determine, and when to use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... include bright-field illumination, dark-field illumination, polarized-light microscopy, interference and contrast microscopy, and fluorescence microscopy. The chapter also provides a discussion of sample preparation materials such as dyes, etchants, and stains for the analysis of composite materials using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... It also discusses the problem of crevice corrosion and how it is influenced by crevice geometry and operating environment. The discussion covers the most common forms of crevice corrosion, including water staining, poultice corrosion, and filiform corrosion, along with related testing and prevention...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... by roughening of the phase of interest or by preferential staining of the phase. Established chemical etchants have certain common features. Chemical etchants usually have three main components: a corrosive agent (such as hydrochloric, sulfuric, phosphoric, or acetic acid), a modifier (such as alcohol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Surface carbides resulting from a carbon stain on the sheet surface of a batch-annealed low-carbon steel (see arrows). 4% picral plus zephiran chloride. 1000× Fig. 8.25 The tempered martensitic microstructure in the heat-affected zone of a welded ASME SA 213 T-23 steel showing (a) prior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
..., tested under identical conditions, lasted approximately 5000 to 6000 h until 1% of the specimen surface was covered by stain or rust. This is approximately equal to the higher-alloyed sintered SS-100 material. Table 9.8 ( Ref 42 ) summarizes more neutral salt solution corrosion data, based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... tint … … αH AlFeSi, α HFe Does not etch Outline … Slight outline, does not stain α c -AlFeMnSi, α cFeMn … … Colors on brown, then dissolves Colors on brown, then dissolves β -AlFeSi, β mFe Colors on brown Outline Does not etch Outline (g and h), colors on brown (i...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the finer grinding paper with coarser fragments that would scratch the sample. In all cleaning steps, washing with water and carefully drying with alcohol and hot-blown air are permissible. When pores and cavities are present, the risk of staining the surface must be considered. Once the grinding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... stains. After grinding in silicon carbide paper, polishing follows. A piece of cloth or felt is mounted on a rotating disk. The cloth is impregnated with a small amount of the polishing media. Usual media are alumina suspensions, diamond paste, and colloidal silica suspensions. Polishing can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and grease marks Hydrocarbon solvent Alkaline formulations are also available with surfactant additions. Stubborn spots, stains, and light discoloration; water marking; light rust staining Mild, nonscratching creams and polishes. Apply with soft cloth or soft sponge; rinse off residues with clean water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... (monotectic reaction). No bismuth remains in beryllium phase. Czarkowski [1953] Boron … BeB 4 -beryllium eutectic in grain boundaries. Red, unetched. Stained purple by 10 vol% alcoholic HF etch. Compatible with yellow aluminum eutectic. Same hardness as silicon eutectic Udy et al. [1949] Calcium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... reactions from occurring or cause staining Mask areas not to be attacked Electrocleaning Allow for electrical contact to be made on nonsignificant surfaces Avoid features that would trap process chemicals or prevent satisfactory rinsing Provide good natural drainage or use drainage holes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... – 30 Water Staining Mechanical Damage Types of Cleaning General Recommendations Applications Types of Chromate Treatments Specifications Organic-Based Coatings Rare Earth Metals Manganese-Base Treatments for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys Trivalent Cobalt Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... staining on exposed surfaces may be present. Stress-corrosion cracking is a progressive type of fracture, somewhat similar to fatigue. The crack or cracks grow gradually over a period of time until a critical size is achieved, creating a diminished cross-sectional area that may cause the remaining metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... Gears: On a Phenomenon of ‘Gray-Staining’ of Tooth Surface,” ASME Paper 80-C2/DET-27 , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1980 • Vodopivee F. and Kosee L. , The Fatigue Strength and Influence of Non-Metallic Inclusions on the Fatigue Fracture of Case Hardening Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... severe stains, discolorations, and rust stains Nonscratching creams or polishes Do not use HCl-containing products. Hypochlorite bleaches must be well rinsed to avoid pitting. Hard water scale, mortar 10–15% phosphoric acid, sulfamic acid-containing, or oxalic-containing cleansers Neutralize...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.9781627083478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... joints and panels of the steel body. When a brown, rusty stain appears on a rocker panel, door, hood, fender, or trunk lid, it is already too late. Corrosion has already occurred in crevices, joints, or under dirt and debris in the presence of moisture—frequently laden with salt from deicing or from sea...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., and quality. A crevice or joint between two surfaces or a moist accumulation of dirt or debris sees little oxygen and becomes anodic. Car bodies, with concealed joints and panels, are particularly susceptible to both types of crevice corrosion. When a brown, rusty stain appears on a rocker panel or other part...