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stainless steel scrap

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... accept. Since the charge materials for stainless steel are typically carbon steel and stainless steel scrap, this flexibility allows scrap of all types to be used. The necessary chromium is added as ferrochromium, whose cost is inversely related to its carbon content. The carbon content of the heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... melting refining rustless process stainless steel Wild process THE TWO PRINCIPAL alloying elements in stainless steel are chromium in straight chromium steels and chromium and nickel in austenitic steels. Chromium is the difficult material to deal with, because it “gobbles up,” as one writer put...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... without a substantial loss of chromium, the main alloying element in stainless steel. A premelt is prepared in an electric arc furnace by charging high-carbon ferrochrome, ferrosilicon, stainless steel scrap, burned lime, and fluorspar and melting the charge to the desired temperature. The heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... for higher concentrations of copper and lower concentrations of acid. Copper is deposited for seven days before harvesting. The 70 to 100 kg (150 to 220 lb) copper plates are stripped from the stainless steel cathode sheets, weighed, and inventoried for use in beryllium-copper production. Indium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Eduard Maurer and His Contribution to the Development of Stainless Steel , Korrosions-Beständige Stähle , Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie GmbH , Leipzig , 1990 , p 12 – 17 Feild A.L. , Manufacture of Stainless Iron from Ferrochromium, from Scrap, or from Ore , Metals Progress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... during the process, with undesirable effects on the mechanical properties of the steel ( Ref 1 ). Second, a significant heat loss was associated with heating the nitrogen gas that left the furnace unreacted. This drawback limited the use of scrap in the charge of the Bessemer furnace and similar...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... the early part of the 20th century, but this practice was used only for making tool steels, high alloy steels, and stainless steels where scrap had to be high quality to meet specifications. Scrap was also used in large quantities in the open hearth process to make ordinary carbon steels and engineering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Abstract This chapter recounts some of the early efforts and milestones in the development of stainless steel powders and their use in powder metallurgy applications. stainless steel powder POWDER METALLURGY (PM) COMPONENTS produced from corrosion-resistant alloys are a growing area...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... quickly and the results confirmed before unloading the truck. The major raw materials used for molding and casting are: Metallic charge materials — large bulk amounts Pig iron (for gray iron and ductile iron) Steel scrap (plates, bars, and railroad scrap) Briquetted steel turnings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... the use of low-nitrogen ferroalloys and a melt practice that minimizes nitrogen pickup. The latter can be accomplished by shrouding the melt surface with inert gas, as described in the SPALL process. Manganese must be kept low, which calls for using stainless steel scrap only sparingly, if at all. Silicon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as engineering materials. Applications for plain carbon steel are countless, with product forms consisting of sheet, strip, plate, bar, wire, and tubular products. Plain carbon steels are members of the family of ferrous alloys ( Fig. 19.1 ), which also includes alloy steels, stainless steels, tool steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... as decarburization or the buildup of brittle carbides on the grain boundaries of an austenitic stainless steel by the process known as sensitization. cast iron decarburization deformation heat treatment microstructure sensitization solidification steel IN THE PREVIOUS CHAPTER, it was shown how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Abstract This chapter examines the early literature on stainless steel to gain an understanding of the state-of-the-art of stainless steel as it progressed through the first 37 years after the discoveries made in Sheffield and Essen. stainless steel IT IS INTERESTING to examine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.9781627083560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Abstract This appendix is a timeline of events related to the discovery, development, and commercialization of stainless steels. stainless steel 1751 Nickel Discovered Nickel is discovered in Sweden by Axel Cronsted in kupfernickel (nicolite), a copper-colored nickel arsenide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article covers the metallurgy and properties of stainless steels. It provides composition information on all types of ferritic, austenitic, martensitic, duplex, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels, including proprietary and nonstandard grades, along with corresponding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... pioneering use of weight-saving vanadium alloys in Model T cars. It explains how interest in chromium alloys spread throughout the world, spurring the development of commercial stainless steels. The chapter concludes with a bullet point timeline of early 20th century achievements and a brief assessment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... to recover hardware, some suppliers weld over the cracks open to the surface and then HIP the casting. The parts pass inspection, but fail in service. Another example involves a stainless steel casting. Because of their very poor fluidity, stainless steels do not cast well. One day, the production area...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... varying section sizes. If the cooling rate is not constant and uniform, new residual stresses, equal to or greater than existing originally, can be the result. Residual stresses in ferritic steel cause significant reduction in resistance to brittle fracture. If a steel, such as austenitic stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract Steels that resist corrosive attack from normal atmospheric exposure and contain a minimum of 10.5% Cr and 50% Fe are generally classified as stainless steels. Their special qualities lie in a chromium-rich oxide surface film that quickly regrows when damaged. This chapter discusses...