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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... It also discusses the problem of crevice corrosion and how it is influenced by crevice geometry and operating environment. The discussion covers the most common forms of crevice corrosion, including water staining, poultice corrosion, and filiform corrosion, along with related testing and prevention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... constancy on the tensile response of isotropic and anisotropic materials, and how infinitesimal strains or strain rates are used to express and analyze instantaneous deformation and local stain. It also discusses the concept of principal strain and strain paths and explains how to determine, and when to use...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., Ref. 66. Staining and heat tinting procedures for identification of sigma phase and carbides in Stellite 21, wrought Co alloy Table 3-2 Staining and heat tinting procedures for identification of sigma phase and carbides in Stellite 21, wrought Co alloy Coloring process Method Purpose...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Surface carbides resulting from a carbon stain on the sheet surface of a batch-annealed low-carbon steel (see arrows). 4% picral plus zephiran chloride. 1000× Fig. 8.25 The tempered martensitic microstructure in the heat-affected zone of a welded ASME SA 213 T-23 steel showing (a) prior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...: NSS, neutral salt spray test ASTM B 117; ISO 4540–1980(E). (b) A, time in h until appearance of first stain or rust spot: B, time in h until 1% of surface of specimen is covered with stain or rust. (c) H 2 , hydrogen: DA, dissociated ammonia; V, vacuum. (d) L, laboratory; I, industrial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Does not etch Outline … Slight outline, does not stain α c -AlFeMnSi, α cFeMn … … Colors on brown, then dissolves Colors on brown, then dissolves β -AlFeSi, β mFe Colors on brown Outline Does not etch Outline (g and h), colors on brown (i), dissolves (h) (depending on HF...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the finer grinding paper with coarser fragments that would scratch the sample. In all cleaning steps, washing with water and carefully drying with alcohol and hot-blown air are permissible. When pores and cavities are present, the risk of staining the surface must be considered. Once the grinding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... stains. After grinding in silicon carbide paper, polishing follows. A piece of cloth or felt is mounted on a rotating disk. The cloth is impregnated with a small amount of the polishing media. Usual media are alumina suspensions, diamond paste, and colloidal silica suspensions. Polishing can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and grease marks Hydrocarbon solvent Alkaline formulations are also available with surfactant additions. Stubborn spots, stains, and light discoloration; water marking; light rust staining Mild, nonscratching creams and polishes. Apply with soft cloth or soft sponge; rinse off residues with clean water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... (monotectic reaction). No bismuth remains in beryllium phase. Czarkowski [1953] Boron … BeB 4 -beryllium eutectic in grain boundaries. Red, unetched. Stained purple by 10 vol% alcoholic HF etch. Compatible with yellow aluminum eutectic. Same hardness as silicon eutectic Udy et al. [1949] Calcium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... , and 6 xxx series alloys, users occasionally have not employed good practice in the handling and storage of these alloys. This can result in water stains or in pitting. Water Staining Mechanical Damage Without cleaning or maintenance, aluminum acquires a gray appearance in many applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... aligned normal to the tensile axis. Surface cracks may follow a regular, random, or aggregated pattern ( Ref 18.6 ). There usually is minimal evidence of corrosion damage. However, surface staining on exposed surfaces may be present. Stress-corrosion cracking is a progressive type of fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... severe stains, discolorations, and rust stains Nonscratching creams or polishes Do not use HCl-containing products. Hypochlorite bleaches must be well rinsed to avoid pitting. Hard water scale, mortar 10–15% phosphoric acid, sulfamic acid-containing, or oxalic-containing cleansers Neutralize...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... joints and panels of the steel body. When a brown, rusty stain appears on a rocker panel, door, hood, fender, or trunk lid, it is already too late. Corrosion has already occurred in crevices, joints, or under dirt and debris in the presence of moisture—frequently laden with salt from deicing or from sea...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Provide good natural drainage or use drainage holes on nonsignificant surfaces to minimize carryover Avoid features that could trap air and prevent surface chemical reactions from occurring or cause staining Mask areas not to be attacked Electrocleaning Allow for electrical contact to be made...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... or a moist accumulation of dirt or debris sees little oxygen and becomes anodic. Car bodies, with concealed joints and panels, are particularly susceptible to both types of crevice corrosion. When a brown, rusty stain appears on a rocker panel or other part, it is already too late. Corrosion is at work...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... details. Thus, in the study of small particles, one cannot assume that the color is being correctly identified. These problems are particularly important in biological studies, where it has been shown that staining objects red produces better detectability of small features than staining with blue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Increase or decrease agitation Use better preparation Increase voltage and decrease time Stains on polished surface Attack after polishing current is off Remove specimen while current is still on Try less corrosive electrolyte Unpolished spots (bullseyes) Gas bubbles Increase agitation Decrease...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... attack and discoloration. This is most likely to occur during or shortly after construction, and leaching by subsequent rains, as well as conversion to carbonates, reduces the alkalinity and further attack. Staining can be effectively prevented by organic coatings. Some insulating materials...