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stabilization mode

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... the laser is used. One is a stabilization mode, where the laser is used to augment the GMAW process without providing a significant increase in penetration or speed. The other is a penetration mode, where the laser generates a keyhole in the metal, providing both deep penetration and high processing speeds...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... with almost all known elements except rare and inert gases; it vigorously supports combustion. Small amounts of oxygen are added to some inert mixtures to improve the stability of the welding arc developed as well as to increase the fluidity of the weld puddle. In the spray-transfer mode of GMAW, small...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... true for alloys that are susceptible to excessive grain growth, such as the stabilized ferritics, or to sensitization. Figure 6 shows some joint designs appropriate to stainless steels, including the more sensitive alloys. These, like all joint designs, aim to ensure full penetration without burn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Common failure modes for crystalline Si PV modules. Table 2 Common failure modes for crystalline Si PV modules. Common Failure for thin film PV modules Cell layer integrity- back contact stability Electrochemical corrosion of SnO2:F Fill-factor loss (series resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... mechanical test plastics THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE of a failure analysis is to ascertain the mode and the cause of the failure, regardless of the material from which the part was fabricated. The investigation is performed in generally the same manner, whether the failed component was produced from metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of failure mode for 70Cu-30Ni brass in various solutions, together with the calculated positions of various boundaries relating to the domains of stability of different chemical species The effect of many environmental parameters, such as pH, oxygen concentration, and temperature, on the thermodynamic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of the solidification mode of stainless steel castings, adapted from Ref 13 . The numbers on the lines in the regions where ferrite is present are the volumetric fraction of ferrite (FN) in the steel. The letters indicate the solidification model in accordance with Fig. 16.16 . Fig. 16.19 Typical structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of this inelastic deformation energy is transferred into heat. With each cycle, heat buildup raises the temperature of the specimen. A plastic material heating up in fatigue will display either thermal stability or instability. Thermal Stability Thermal stability exists when the heat-transfer rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Corrosion ( Toronto, Canada ), National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1984 1.48 Jones R.H. , Bruemmer S.M. , Thomas M.T. , and Baer D.R. , Comparison of Segregated Phosphorus and Sulfur Effects on the Fracture Mode and Ductility of Iron Tested at Cathodic Potentials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... (α phase) to a body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure (β-phase). The transformation temperature (β-transus—completion of transformation to β on heating) is strongly influenced by the interstitial elements oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon (α-stabilizers), which raise the transformation temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract From a fundamental standpoint, there are only two modes, or ways, in which metals can fracture under single, or monotonic, loads: shear and cleavage. There are fracture modes other than shear and cleavage. These include intergranular and quasi-cleavage fracture modes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... of morphology stability when selection of the actual, stable DAS value was affected by local tip radius r d . Source: Ref 24 Fig. 1.10 Scheme of branching formation on the solidification front resulted from the loss of the morphology stability. Local stable λ 2 value is determined by Δ T c...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... cooling or on holding of a partially transformed specimen at a constant temperature. Once segregated, the carbon atoms increase the shear resistance of the austenite, thereby effectively stabilizing the austenite. Although athermal martensite transformation kinetics are the dominant mode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of approximately 30 °C (55 °F), but the temperature range of beta phase stability increases with increasing pressure to become approximately 300 °C (540 °F) wide at 295 atm (300 bar) pressure [ Adhikari and Mukhopadhyay 1994 ]. Some alloying additions can also increase the temperature range over which bcc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... on ultimate polymer properties, such as dimensional stability, moisture and solvent resistance, and mechanical strength. Once the resin formulation is established, subtle changes can be made for reasons that range from raw material shortages to environmental or safety regulations. Because resin matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-temperature corrosion resistance of the alloy, but also its mechanical properties such as tensile and creep-rupture strengths. The micro-structural changes at the application temperatures such as thermal stability of the alloy, should also be considered. For example, duplex stainless steels are known...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... stability. The tempering process involves heating steel to any temperature below the Ac 1 temperature. During tempering, as-quenched martensite is transformed into tempered martensite, which is composed of highly dispersed spheroids of cementite (carbides) dispersed in a soft matrix of ferrite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of unannealed welds for different solidification modes. Source: Ref 23 Fig. 24 Influence of sulfur level on pitting resistance of welds without homogenizing anneal. FA, ferrite forming first on solidification as opposed to austenite first, AF. Source: Ref 23 Fig. 18 Isocorrosion curves...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... on the same fracture surface suggest crack propagation initially in low-cycle mode and intermittently in high-cycle mode. This is in agreement with the fact that the torque generated at the time of engine start is high and it is stabilized to approximately one-third of the initial torque during continuous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... microstructure that is retained at room temperature by means of a high percentage of alloying elements, such as manganese, aluminum, and silicon. Manganese is an austenite stabilizer that, in high concentrations, drastically lowers the transformation temperature of austenite to ferrite. Aluminum and silicon...