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specimen preparation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... before purchasing. Energy dispersive x-ray (EDS) analysis is problematic in the ESEM because electron beam scattering into the beam skirt greatly degrades the lateral spatial resolution of the technique. Specimen current methods like EBIC (electron beam induced conductivity), RCI (resistive contrast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... type of illumination will result in lighter images of flat or nonetched regions of the sample and darker images of the non-flat regions such as cracks and pores and etched regions. In some special cases, objectives that can illuminate the specimen surface in an oblique way with a conical light beam can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... , 2015 2. “ Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens ,” E3-11, ASTM , 2011 3. “ Standard Practice for Macroetching Metals and Alloys ,” E340-15, ASTM , 2015 4. “ Standard Practice for Preparing Sulfur Prints for Macrostructural Evaluation ,” E1180-08 (Reapproved 2014), ASTM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
...) Selection and preparation of metallographic sections Examination and analysis of metallographic specimens Determination of failure mechanism Chemical analysis (bulk, local, surface corrosion products, deposits or coatings, and microprobe analysis) Analysis by fracture mechanics Testing under...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses composite testing procedures, including tension, compression, shear, flexure, and fracture toughness testing as well as adhesive shear, peel, and honeycomb flatwise tension testing. It also discusses specimen preparation, environmental conditioning, and data...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter instructs the metallographer on the basic skills required to prepare a polished metallographic specimen. It is organized in a chronological sequence starting with the information-gathering process on the material being investigated, then moving on to sectioning, mounting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... metallographer working alone at a small iron foundry. The three basic areas in all metallography laboratories are discussed: the specimen preparation area, the polishing/etching area, and the observation/micrography area. Important safety issues in a metallographic laboratory are also considered. heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... highlight certain features in microstructures. carbon steel cast iron coated steel etchant etching light illumination low-alloy steel metallurgical microscope microstructure stainless steel ONCE THE POLISHED metallographic specimen is properly prepared, the next stage is to reveal the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... (the lens assembly close to the specimen) and eyepieces, and components of the illumination system are all explained. The last part of this chapter describes special procedures involved in using and calibrating the metallurgical microscope. metallograph metallurgical microscope micrography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... human eye can overlook irregularities that are not part of the microstructure. As is seen later in Chapter 7 , the specimen preparation for an automatic image analyzer must be closely controlled in order to prevent inaccurate measurements. It must be pointed out that the metallographic specimens...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... processed. It is important to understand the principles in the previous chapter in order to get more meaning from the information and examples given in this chapter. A particular microstructure can be altered, either intentionally or unintentionally. It is the metallographer’s task to prepare a specimen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... purposes of corrosion tests, the logical steps in a test program, and the preparation and cleaning of test specimens. The focus then moves on to discuss the types and applications of these test categories and the associated evaluation procedures. Excluding electrochemical tests which are addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... cures. It also provides recommendations for handling specific materials and addresses safety concerns. light microscopy metallographic sectioning specimen preparation References 1. Kehl G. L. : The Principles of Metallographic Laboratory...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the methods and equipment applicable to metallographic studies and discusses the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy. Five major operations for preparation of metallographic specimens are discussed: sectioning, mounting, grinding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... further subdivide into several zones plus a transition region. It then discusses SCC test standards before describing basic test objectives and selection criteria. The chapter explains how to achieve the required loading conditions for different tests and how to prepare test specimens to determine elastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... based on focused ion beam milling used for TEM sample preparation. It describes the principles behind commonly used imaging modes in semiconductor failure analysis and how these operation modes can be utilized to selectively maximize signal from specific beam-specimen interactions to generate useful...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... ASTM D 4018-99(2008) Standard Test Methods for Properties of Continuous-Filament Carbon and Graphite-Fiber Tows ASTM D 5687/D 5687M-95(2007) Standard Guide for Preparation of Flat Composite Panels with Processing Guidelines for Specimen Preparation ASTM D 5947-06 Standard Test Methods for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the tools and techniques used to examine failure specimens and the wealth of information that can be obtained from fracture surfaces, cracks, wear patterns, and other such features. It discusses the use of metallography, fractography, and optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... collect test specimens for subsequent examination and chemical analysis. It also discusses the role of mechanical property testing, the use of nondestructive evaluation, and the final step of generating a report. failure analysis nondestructive evaluation FAILURE ANALYSIS is a...