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specimen orientation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This appendix contains figures that illustrate specimen orientation and crack plane codes for rolled plate, drawn bars, and hollow cylinders. drawn bars fracture plane hollow cylinders rolled plate specimen orientation Fig. A6.1 Conventional specimen orientation code...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... can reveal different microstructural features if polished longitudinal, transverse, planar, or in some other orientation. Contamination of the specimen can easily take place during sectioning, grinding, and polishing by the accumulation of debris; for example, silicon carbide, diamond, or aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... cures. It also provides recommendations for handling specific materials and addresses safety concerns. light microscopy metallographic sectioning specimen preparation References 1. Kehl G. L. : The Principles of Metallographic Laboratory...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... further subdivide into several zones plus a transition region. It then discusses SCC test standards before describing basic test objectives and selection criteria. The chapter explains how to achieve the required loading conditions for different tests and how to prepare test specimens to determine elastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... techniques that have been used successfully in the field. The chapter describes the effects of various factors on the properties of composite constituents, including fibers, resins, and unidirectional plies. Some aspects of specimen selection are also described. The chapter provides information on pressure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the methods and equipment applicable to metallographic studies and discusses the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy. Five major operations for preparation of metallographic specimens are discussed: sectioning, mounting, grinding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... geometries, specimen configurations, and loading conditions. The discussion covers two- and three-dimensional cracks as well as the use of correction factors and problem-simplification techniques for dealing with nonstandard configurations. The chapter goes on to describe how fatigue loading affects crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... matrix γ phase in superalloys behaves in a normal fashion, with decreasing strength as temperatures increase. The ordered γ′ phase is different. The yield strengths of polycrystalline (PC) and SCDS cast specimens of unalloyed γ′ show an increase of yield strength in the range between about −320 and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... , 2015 2. “ Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens ,” E3-11, ASTM , 2011 3. “ Standard Practice for Macroetching Metals and Alloys ,” E340-15, ASTM , 2015 4. “ Standard Practice for Preparing Sulfur Prints for Macrostructural Evaluation ,” E1180-08 (Reapproved 2014), ASTM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... “ ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code ,” Section XI, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1983 16.6 McElroy J.T. , “ Detailed Analysis of the Fundamental Ultrasonic Response Data From Stainless Steel Stress Corrosion Crack Specimens ,” EPRI NP-676-SR, Electric Power Research Institute...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... specimens that are heated above the T g to remove orientation and then quenched. The latter gives information on the thermal stress profile only. The residual thermal stress profile for flat sheets ( Fig. 1 ) is parabolic, with the compressive stresses on the surface and the core in tension. A team...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... Fig. 5.9 Uniaxial and biaxial stresses. The uniaxial material can contract in the thickness and width directions, while the biaxial material can contract only in the thickness direction. Even when tensile specimens cut from sheets at 0° (longitudinal), 45°, and 90° (transverse) to the rolling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
..., slightly branched plates or polygons Gray Blue→pink, Fig. 4.3 Source: Ref 1 , 2 A light metallographic microscope provides several specimen illumination modes to produce different image contrast. Examples of the visual effects of various illumination modes are presented in Fig. 4.2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... withstand cyclic loading is far superior to that of metals, in contrast to the poor composite static strength when it has damage or defects. Figure 1.17 shows a comparison of the normalized notched specimen fatigue response of a common 7075-T6 aluminum aircraft metal and a carbon/epoxy laminate. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... stress cracking, hydrogen-induced cracking, stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking, hydrogen embrittlement cracking, stress-corrosion cracking, velocity-accelerated corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion control is provided. petroleum refineries petrochemical plants materials selection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... 9.10 presents an alternate type of CT diagram for a 0.38% C steel, with the composition given at the top of the diagram. The cooling curves for this diagram do not correspond to positions on the Jominy bar but to locations in the specimen from which this particular diagram was made. The number at the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... the concentrated acid, the iron immediately forms a thin passive film and remains bright while immersed. The effective noble state imparted by the passive film can be demonstrated by carefully removing a specimen and applying a drop of copper sulfate solution to the surface. Since the copper half-cell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... for both dry and wet specimens in Fig. 8.21 illustrates the reduction due to both temperature and moisture. Other matrix-dependent properties affected by temperature and humidity include 90° tension and compression, the shear properties (in-plane and interlaminar), the flexural properties, and open...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... SACMA SRM-13. The most common geometry is a 9 in. (23 cm) long by 1.0 in. (2.5 cm) wide specimen. Different orientations can be tested, such as unidirectional, off-axis, cross-ply, and quasi-isotropic. Mechanical or hydraulic wedge-type grips are used. Either an extensometer or bonded strain gages are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... purposes of corrosion tests, the logical steps in a test program, and the preparation and cleaning of test specimens. The focus then moves on to discuss the types and applications of these test categories and the associated evaluation procedures. Excluding electrochemical tests which are addressed...