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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Abstract The detailed heating requirements for specific applications must be considered before construction and implementation of any induction heating process. These requirements may include considerations such as type of heating, throughput and heating time, workpiece material, peak...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...,” paper presented at BWR Operating Plant Technical Conference No. 8 (Monterey, CA) , General Electric Co. , Feb 1983 32. H.P. Offer , “Induction Heating Stress Improvement,” NP-3375, Electric Power Research Institute , Nov 1983 33. Horn R.M. , “Last Pass Heat Sink Welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... The classical organization for types of damage (failures) is as follows: deformation, fracture, wear, corrosion or other environmental damage, and multiple or complex damage. The chapter also provides some examples of lack of conformance to specification that may at first look like the heat treater did...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the fundamentals of heat treating of alloy steels. It begins with an overview of the designations of AISI-SAE grades of alloy steels, followed by a description of the purposes served by alloying elements. The effects of specific alloying elements on the heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... induced electrical current causes metal to heat in proportion to their electrical resistance and how it affects temperature dependent properties such as resistivity and specific heat and, in turn, heating rates and efficiencies. It also discusses the effect of hysteresis and explains why eddy currents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes involved in heat treating of stainless steels, providing information on the classification, chemical compositions, and corrosion resistance of stainless steels and the effect of specific elements on the characteristics of iron-base alloys. Five...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
..., if a temperature cycle is not called for in an alloy specification, then it is not a heat treatment. A few examples of treatments that are often overlooked by people charged with the application of superalloys (mostly precipitation-hardened iron-nickel- and nickel-base superalloys) are: Applying a thermal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... variations. The T101 temper has been assigned to a compressively cold-worked condition applicable only to alloy x850.0. Specific criteria for heat treatment and the practices that will be used are often separately negotiated between buyer and seller. The heat treatment of aluminum alloys is based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... σ ¯ is the flow stress of the workpiece, ε ¯ ˙ is the effective strain rate, Δ ε ¯ is the effective strain generated during Δt, A is a conversion factor between mechanical and thermal energies, c is the specific heat of the workpiece, ρ is the specific...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... specification Use of statistical process control (SPC), control charting, and in-process inspection and testing Statistical quality control (SQC) and final testing (sampling) to verify the results If these factors are incorporated into the heat treating operation, including the proper methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
..., or the review of an old part. The complete specifications for processing should be clearly stated either on the print or in a specification in an accompanying document that is referenced on the print. The material and any previous heat treatments need to be known. If a part is being designed, the factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... grain size hardenability residual stress THE INTENT OF this chapter is to provide the basic metallurgical theory necessary to understand the induction heat-treating practice. Heat treating is the treatment of metals by heating and cooling in a prescribed manner so as to obtain specific conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of these cast stainless steels are modified slightly in composition from the wrought grades, for increased castability. The cast stainless steels specifically designed for elevated-temperature use are listed in Table 3 . For strength, the heat-resistant grades have higher carbon levels than do the corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... as to obtain specific conditions and/or properties.” Heating for the sole purpose of hot working (as in forging operations) is excluded from this definition. Heat treatments sometimes used for nonmetallic products are also excluded from coverage by this definition. Selected References • Heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... properties and specifications. There are many types of mechanical testing available, including hardness, tensile testing, and impact fracture testing. Hardness testing is probably the most versatile and widely used. It is often used to evaluate heat treatment and can be used as an approximation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
..., exhibits maximum abrasion resistance but should be restricted to applications where toughness is not a prime consideration. Specific heat treating procedures are given for A2 and A3 in Table 3 . As indicated, the recommended heat treating procedures are almost the same for these two grades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... but seldom equals the cost of designing and building a custom furnace. However, hundreds of heat treating furnaces exist that have been designed and constructed for a specific application, notably, the larger furnaces ( Fig. 1 ). Heating by immersing the workpieces in a liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract Steel is an important material because of its tremendous flexibility in metal working and heat treating to produce a variety of mechanical, physical, and chemical properties. The purpose of this chapter is to present the metallurgical principles of heat treatment of steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of the Curie temperature ( T C ), the additional energy needed to disorient the magnetic dipoles in iron is described by a sharp increase in specific heat ( Fig. 6 ). Table 2 Latent heats of phase transformations for pure iron Transformation Temperature, K Temperature, °C Latent heat, kJ/kg...