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specialized processing routes

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
...-Phase Steels Processing of Dual-Phase Steels Deformation Mechanism of Dual-Phase Steels Mechanical Properties of Dual-Phase Steels Formability of Dual-Phase Steels Special Attributes of Dual-Phase Steels References References 5.1 ArcelorMittal Web site, www.arcelormittal.com...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... analysis. This article provides an overview of CSPs and their classification as well as their advantages and applications, and reveals some of the challenges in performing failure analysis on CSPs, particularly for CSPs in special package configurations such as stacked die multi-chip-packages (MCPs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... 0.04 1.6 0.5 14 26 3  …  … 1.7 Fig. 4 A-286 properties as a function of test temperature. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 5 The influence of cold work on aging response in A-286. DPH, diamond pyramid hardness. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 3 Processing routes for S15700 Source: Ref...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... to deagglomerate the particles. Powder characteristics depend on the synthesis route, chemistry, and impurities. Generally, the powders employed in binder-assisted processes are small to enable sintering, typically from 0.1 to 100 μm. The cost of powder varies considerably, so the selection of a fabrication route...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... at hand. They represent the results for example in terms of physical location, including the x/y/layer coordinates of a possible defect location. They also consume production test patterns even for designs using embedded pattern compression techniques, no longer requiring special ‘diagnosis only’ test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...: Dry Processes, Wet Chemical Processing and Parallel Lapping ”, Microelectrionics Failure Analysis, Desk Reference , Fifth Edition , ASM international . 2004 . [4] Wo Huixian , Cargo James . “ Deprocessing Techniques for Copper, Low K, and SOI devices ”, Microelectrionics Failure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... presents rugosity values measured in two different materials after different polishing routes. Values obtained in different materials and using different polishing techniques can be used only as rough guidelines for the expected rugosities after polishing. Companies specializing in metallography supplies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., microstructures, processing, deformation mechanism, mechanical properties, hot forming, tempering, and special attributes of TRIP the steels. transformation-induced plasticity steels chemical composition microstructure hot forming tempering deformation mechanical properties TRANSFORMATION-INDUCED...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... of sand casting when a better surface finish or tighter dimensional control is required. Because it requires precision metal patterns and more specialized equipment, shell molding should be considered a higher-volume process than sand casting. Shell molding, shown in Fig. 21 , consists of: A fine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... costs will be lower with their products. Mill processing equipment dictates a manufacturing route based on size. Smaller diameters are cold drawn, while larger diameters are straightened/cut/turned, yielding a softer product. This can have an impact on machining performance despite all other factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...Abstract Abstract The conversion of feedstock into a shape involves the application of heat and pressure, and possibly solvents. This chapter discusses the operating principle, advantages, limitations, and applications of such shaping processes, namely additive manufacturing, cold isostatic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... in the further processing of the part, such as machining, heat treatment, and surface treatment. In some special cases, it may be necessary to prevent an excessive concentration of fibers in critical regions of the component. Presently, the use of finite element models is common to predict the flow lines...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... in an electric arc furnace, cast continuously into a billet, and then hot rolled to final shape ( Ref 5 ). Only simple shapes such as rounds, rectangular bars, and angles usually are produced. Steels processed by this route must be killed (fully deoxidized) to prevent the formation of blowholes or pinholes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... designs, fixture materials, and special electrical problems to be avoided. Next, it describes and provides examples of materials-handling systems in induction billet heating, bar heating, heat treatment, soldering, brazing, and other induction-based processes. The final section discusses the use of robots...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter begins with a description of the requirements of tooling and tooling material for hot extrusion. It covers the processes of designing tool and die sets for direct and indirect extrusion. Next, the chapter provides information on extrusion tooling and die sets...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... in a matrix of ferrite, can be obtained by a number of routes—all of which involve, as a final stage, heating at temperatures below but close to the A 1 temperature. We discuss in Chapter 4 , for example, how this structure can be produced in low-carbon steels that have been cold worked and annealed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... different today. Theory is now an integral part of many innovations, and metallurgy has become a knowledge-based profession. In the decade from 1900 to 1910, upgrades in the hardness and strength of metals were common goals. Usual routes were: Alloying , a process that involves coming up...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., Radevormwald Fig. 8.8 Lenticular alpha microstructure in (a) as-cast Ti-6Al-4V and (b) cast + hot isostatic pressed Ti-6Al-4V. A, prior-beta grain; B, grain-boundary alpha; C, alpha plate colony; D, gas pore; E, shrinkage pore Abstract Abstract Casting is the most economical processing route...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and then graphically develops all potential causes of that event. In a systems failure analysis situation, the top undesired event is the system failure. From a systems failure analysis perspective, the top undesired event of the fault tree is the same thing as the first step in the four-step problem-solving process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... to the finished diameter of 5 to 0.5 mm on multispindle drawing machines. The majority of finished diameters fall in the range 1 to 2 mm. Special soft alloys with low cold-working capacities sometimes have to be extruded as multiple strands to the finished diameter using the direct extrusion process. Economic...