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special-quality steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the microstructure of special bar quality (or engineering) steels and how it is influenced by carbon content, tempering temperature, and prior austenitic grain size. It explains how some of the changes are difficult to detect and require special etching...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract Steels that resist corrosive attack from normal atmospheric exposure and contain a minimum of 10.5% Cr and 50% Fe are generally classified as stainless steels. Their special qualities lie in a chromium-rich oxide surface film that quickly regrows when damaged. This chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The descriptor for one particular steel commodity is not necessarily carried over to subsequent products made from that commodity—for example, standard quality cold-finished bars are made from special quality hot-rolled bars. Quality descriptions of carbon steels Table 8.1 Quality descriptions of carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
.... Low-carbon steels, coated and uncoated, are generally supplied as commercial-quality, drawing-quality, and drawing-quality special-killed grades. AISI designations of some of the draw quality steels are given in Table 6.1 . The compositions of steels commonly used in stamping are given in Table 6.2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to determine the ferrite content of austenitic steel weldments provides information of limited value compared with a metallographic examination). (Ferrography requires specialized equipment.) B.2 Electrical resistance Application of known DC or high-frequency AC current and measurement of resulting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... mainly by bending operations such as compression bending, stretch bending, draw bending, and roll bending. Sheet forming includes various bending, stretching, and drawing operations—plus some special methods to develop surfaces with deep recesses (spinning, deep drawing) or shallow recesses (dimpling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Table 6.1 Presses for the direct extrusion of aluminum alloys (light metal), copper alloys (heavy metal), and steel Direct-extrusion presses (a) Equipment Light metal Heavy metal Steel Standard press Special press Standard press Special press Rare Press...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.9781627083423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... solid-state welding processes do not involve melting and solidification, they are often suitable for joining not only similar but also dissimilar materials. Solid-state welding processes also have special joint design or part cross-section requirements. For example, continuous drive and inertia friction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of various known thicknesses to check clearance). Many such devices are specially designed and built for a particular application. A wide assortment are available as stock items, with many brands to choose from. Quality should not be sacrificed for cost on measuring devices. They should be kept...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... forming operations are conducted at elevated temperatures, for example, warm forming of aluminum, titanium, or nickel alloy sheets or hot stamping of special steels to obtain specific part properties. These processes are accomplished using a tool set consisting of a punch and a die , which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...] Breitling J. , Chernauskas V. , Taupin E. , Altan T. , “ Precision Shearing of Billets—Special Equipment and Process Simulation, ” Journal of Materials Processing Technology , Vol. 71 , 1997 , p 119 – 125 . 10.1016/S0924-0136(97)00157-X [Camille et al., 1998] Santiago-Vega...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Adaptability of welding processes to titanium alloys Table 12.1 Adaptability of welding processes to titanium alloys Welding process Remarks Gas tungsten arc Requires special techniques to shield weld Gas metal arc Requires special techniques to shield weld Plasma arc Must...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... cast iron special cast iron white cast iron CAST IRONS, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys. The difference is that cast irons typically possess higher carbon levels than steels, so that cast irons can take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system ( Fig. 10.1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... perpendicular to the optical axis of the microscope. Thus, sample preparation procedures for optical microscopy must dedicate special attention to sample flatness or planicity and avoid edge rounding during polishing. Different observation techniques may be used in optical microscopy (oblique lighting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... effect of oxide inclusions on the toughness of a fully dense 4340 steel is shown in Fig. 5 . Tool steel, and even more so superalloy powders, are produced with still greater care in order to minimize defects in consolidated products. Special analytical methods are used to guarantee the cleanliness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... (the lens assembly close to the specimen) and eyepieces, and components of the illumination system are all explained. The last part of this chapter describes special procedures involved in using and calibrating the metallurgical microscope. metallograph metallurgical microscope micrography...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... to 338 MPa (42 to 49 ksi). Another type of low-carbon steel sheet forming steel is a special class called deep-quality special-killed (DQSK) steel. A preferred orientation is produced by hot rolling the steel on a hot strip mill, followed by rapid cooling. The rapid cooling keeps the aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Porosity and inclusions from manufacturing processes can produce similar stress concentrations under Hertzian contact loading (ball, rollers, gears). For this reason, 52100 steel is usually melted with special processing and quality checks. These steels differ from alloy steels in that they typically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... are the main application for tin. Lead, silver, antimony, and copper are used as alloying elements. Special soft solders also contain cadmium and zinc. Aluminum is used as an alloying component for soft solders used to join aluminum alloys. Bearing metals based on tin contain antimony, copper, and lead...