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sour water units

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... cause of these problems. Corrosion inhibitors are effective in controlling many amine-unit corrosion problems. Sour water units handle process waters that contain ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, cyanide, and other corrosives. Sour water or “foul water” is a collection of water from the various processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors. The chapter also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., especially during construction, hydrotest, and outage periods Onshore and offshore oil and gas industries Mothballed and waterflood systems; oil and gas handling systems, particularly in those environments soured by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), from produced sulfides Underground pipeline industry...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... wet hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) environments, including alkaline sour water. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide stress cracking (SSC), hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC), stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking (SOHIC), hydrogen embrittlement cracking (HEC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... SCC in sour-gas environments that contain chloride and hydrogen sulfide ( Ref 4.101 – 4.104 ). Materials for use in sour-gas environments are often evaluated using NACE Standard Test TM-01-77 ( Ref 4.105 ). This test employs a 5% NaCl + 0.5% CH 3 COOH solution, saturated with hydrogen sulfide by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... surface reaction can lead to the formation of a thin surface film that can mitigate corrosion. The authors are currently pursuing laboratory studies to characterize the stability and formation of mackinawite in sour systems. In H 2 S-dominated systems (ratio of p CO 2 / p H 2 S < 200), there is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... sulfanes to play a significant role in corrosion reactions. Oxygen contamination of sour (H 2 S-containing) systems can also result in the formation of polysulfide and/or the precipitation of elemental sulfur generally leading to an increase in corrosivity. Iron sulfide corrosion products can be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... during some SCC programs to make the test conditions more aggressive. Evaluation of the resistance of steels to SCC in hydrogen sulfide environments (sour service) has been standardized by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) in TM-01-77 ( Ref 2.34 ). The current revision of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the enhanced susceptibility of the hardened structures inevitably formed. Most SCC studies of welds in carbon and carbon-manganese steels have evaluated resistance to hydrogen-induced SCC, especially under sour (H 2 S) conditions prevalent to the oil and gas industry, which is commonly referred to as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... soured by sulfate-reducing-bacteria (SRB)-produced sulfides Underground pipeline Water-saturated clay-type soils of near-neutral pH with decaying organic matter and a source of SRB Water treatment Heat exchangers and piping Sewage handling and treatment Concrete and reinforced-concrete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... waters, especially under stagnant conditions Zinc (dezincification) Gray iron Soils, many waters Iron (graphic corrosion) Aluminum bronzes Hydrofluoric acid, acids containing chloride ions Aluminum (dealuminification) Silicon bronzes High-temperature steam and acidic species Silicon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... considered somewhat obsolete when compared with most contemporary alloys. Chemical processing operations have been concerned principally with the unalloyed grades, palladium-containing pure grades, and Ti-6Al-4V. Ti-3A1-8V-6Cr-4Zr-4Mo (also called beta C) was approved for use in deep, sour-well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... alloys. Because of the excellent properties obtainable with these low-cost engineering materials, cast irons find wide application in environments that demand good corrosion resistance, including water, soils, acids, alkalis, saline solutions, organic compounds, sulfur compounds, and liquid metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... properties of titanium, such as strength. Ordnance and ballistic armor were used in the 1960s; deep submersible submarine hulls were built in the 1970s; sour gas well pipe came along in the 1980s; and automotive valves for passenger car engines were used in the 1990s. The nonaerospace use of titanium can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... substance adsorbed on or absorbed in another substance. All structural metals corrode to some extent in natural environments (e.g., the atmosphere, soil, or waters). Bronze, brass, most stainless steels, zinc, and pure aluminum corrode so slowly in service conditions that long service life is expected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... common, is used in only isolated instances today. Water is the most common coolant and lubricant except with materials that react with water. With these materials kerosene or other liquids are used instead. Wet grinding also removes loose abrasive and cutting debris from the grinding surface, thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7