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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes some of the chemical processes that have been developed to extract beryllium from different types of ore. It covers the Kjellgren-Sawyer sulfate method, the Degussa method, Copaux-Kawecki fluoride extraction, solvent extraction, and leaching and settling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews materials issues encountered in joining, including challenges involved in welding of dissimilar metal combinations; joining of plastics by mechanical fastening, solvent and adhesive bonding, and welding; joining of thermoset and thermoplastic composite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...Abstract Abstract Metal-matrix composites can operate at higher temperatures than their base metal counterparts and, unlike polymer-matrix composites, are nonflammable, do not outgas in a vacuum, and resist attack by solvents and fuels. They can also be tailored to provide greater strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and the potential damage it can cause. It discusses the problems associated with moisture absorption and exposure to solvents, fuels, ultraviolet radiation, lightning strikes, thermal oxidation, and extreme temperatures. It also discusses the factors that influence flammability. References References 1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
..., such as stearates, stearic acid, or magnesium stearate, as well as phosphates and sulfonates, to adjust viscosity, lubricate tooling, disperse particles, or induce binder wetting of the powder. In the case of binders deposited via ink jet printing, the binder contains solvents to lower the viscosity for easier...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides details on several specific binder formulations and a discussion of basic binder design concepts. The focus is on customization of the feedstock response to heating, pressurization, or solvent exposure for a specific shaping process. The discussion starts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...Abstract Abstract The conversion of feedstock into a shape involves the application of heat and pressure, and possibly solvents. This chapter discusses the operating principle, advantages, limitations, and applications of such shaping processes, namely additive manufacturing, cold isostatic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...Abstract Abstract Binder removal approaches involve various combinations of heat, solvents, vacuum, and pressure. In each variant, the goal is binder removal without component damage. This chapter addresses the factors that control success, showing how process decisions depend on the powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... in composite materials; they are generally categorized as voids that are due to volatiles (such as solvents, water) or voids that result from entrapped air. This chapter describes the analysis of various types of voids. It reviews techniques for analysis of voids at ply-drops, voids due to high fiber packing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...Abstract Abstract Polymer composite materials are subject to degradation if not appropriately protected from the environment. Composite materials having polymeric matrices are susceptible to degradation from heat, sunlight, ozone, atomic oxygen (in space), moisture, solvents (chemicals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... machining equipment and cutting oils. In a subsequent operation, Litton cleaned the titanium parts by wiping them and then using ultrasonic cleaning equipment. The ultrasonic cleaner contained a solvent to dissolve and wash away the cutting oils. (Ultrasonic vibration helped the solvent penetrate into all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... , Solvent Osmotic Stresses and the Prediction of Case II Transport Kinetics , Polymer , Vol 20 , 1979 , p 827 10.1016/0032-3861(79)90118-6 18. Sarti G.C. and Apicella A. , Non-Equilibrium Glassy Properties and Their Relevance in Case II Transport Kinetics , Polymer , Vol 21...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... material. (a) Bright-field illumination, 25× objective. (b) Same view but after the addition of a solvent-based laser dye (Magnaflux Zyglo, Magnaflux Corp.) to the sample surface. The laser dye is preferentially absorbed into the rubber particle phase. Epi-fluorescence, 390–440 nm excitation, 25× objective...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... or detergent; removing typical machine-shop soils such as cutting oils, polishing compounds, grease, chips, and deposits from electrical discharge machining; used when surface finish must be maintained; inexpensive Ultrasonic cleaning Typically used with detergent and water or with a solvent; removing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... , 1992 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360 Environmental protection regulations are often directly or indirectly related to finishing and coating processes. This is particularly true for solvent cleaning procedures, cadmium and chromium electroplating, chromate conversion coatings, and organic coatings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... polymer tested in uniaxial tension Fig. 15 Crack formation from a craze Fig. 9 Failed polycarbonate lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracking associated with solvent swelling and cracking Fig. 16 Shrinkage void on field fracture surface of polycarbonate. 12× Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and acid pickling solutions, furnace drosses, mill scale, alloy melting skulls, and collector dusts. Copper was recovered via electrowinning technology and beryllium via solvent (liquid-liquid) extraction technology. To start, copper and beryllium are dissolved from the by-product materials, followed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., and composition of these components have a broad effect on ultimate polymer properties, such as dimensional stability, moisture and solvent resistance, and mechanical strength. Once the resin formulation is established, subtle changes can be made for reasons that range from raw material shortages to environmental...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to prevent 1 cm 3 of molecules from overcoming the intermolecular attractions between these molecules. When linear or branched polymers are exposed to solvents with solubility parameter values within ±1.8H, they dissolve. Solvents are absorbed by polymers having solubility parameters outside this range...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... adhesives ADHESIVE BONDING is a widely used industrial joining process in which a polymeric material (the adhesive) is used to join two separate pieces (the adherends or substrates). This joining technique involves glues, epoxies, or various plastic agents that bond by evaporation of a solvent...