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solution treating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... for hardening or strengthening, namely solution treating and aging. Examples are presented for heat treating of two commercially important nonferrous alloys, one from the aluminum-copper system and one from the copper-beryllium system. aging annealing cold working nonferrous alloys solution treatment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... This chapter examines the metallurgy, composition, processing, and mechanical properties of aluminum and its alloys, both cast and wrought forms. It also covers heat treating and basic temper designations, including annealed, work hardened, solution heat treated, and solution heated treated and aged...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... place during heat treatment; and true dispersion hardening, which can be achieved by mechanical alloying and powder metallurgy consolidation. It provides information on the three steps of precipitation hardening of aluminum alloys: solution heat treating, rapid quenching, and aging. precipitation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., and achievable strengths. It explains how some alloys are hardened through solution strengthening and cold working, while others are strengthened by precipitation hardening. It also describes production and fabrication processes such as melting, casting, rolling, forging, forming, extruding, heat treating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... , p 157 – 192 Fig. D.1 Laves phase (white islands) has precipitated at dendrites in the gamma matrix. Optical microscope, original magnification 250x. Condition: Solution treated and aged—solution annealed 1 h at 1095 °C (2000 °F), air cooled, reannealed 1 h at 980 °C (1800 °F), air...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... (annealing) To increase strength by solution treatment and aging To optimize special properties, such as fracture toughness, fatigue strength, and high-temperature creep strength Various types of annealing treatments (e.g., single, duplex, mill, beta, and recrystallization) and solution treating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... quenching causes cracking. However, for complex shapes subject to excessive distortion, oil quenching is often adequate and more practical. Rapid air cooling usually is adequate for parts formed from strip or sheet. Rapid cooling from the annealing or solution treating temperature does not suppress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... formation Promoting grain growth Dissolving phases Producing new phases, by precipitation from solid solution Altering surface chemistry by the introduction of foreign atoms Promoting new phase formation through the introduction of foreign atoms One common heat treating practice used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... SA Solution annealed Sand Sand cast Sec Section Sh Sheet Shp Shape SHT Solution heat treated ST Solution treated or Specials total Sint Sintered SMAW Shielded Metal Arc Welding Smls Seamless Sol Solution SR Stress relieved ST Solution treated STA...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Promoting grain growth Dissolving phases Producing new phases, by precipitation from solid solution Altering surface chemistry by the introduction of foreign atoms Promoting new phase formation through the introduction of foreign atoms One common heat-treating practice used to treat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... alloys have largely all-beta microstructures after air cooling from the solution-treating temperature above the beta transus. Alpha-beta alloys contain a mixture of alpha and beta phases at room temperature. Within the alpha-beta class, an alloy that contains much more alpha than beta is often called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of titanium alloys is analogous to that of other precipitation-hardening systems. For example, when heat treating for increased strength, the material is heated (solution treated) to dissolve much or all of the precipitated phase (in this case, alpha) and cooled (quenched) at a rate sufficiently fast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... 0.13 3 … … 15 2.7Nb, 0.2Si (a) Mechanical properties given for the annealed condition; may be solution treated and aged to increase strength. (b) Mechanical properties given for the solution-treated-and-aged condition; alloy not normally applied in annealed condition. (c) Primarily...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 0.003 8–10 6–8 3–6 70 6Al-4V 350–375 Solution treated and aged 10 6 6 4 30 0.003 8–10 6–8 3–6 70 13V-11Cr-3Al 310–350 Solution treated 10 6 6 4 25 0.003 8–10 6–8 3–6 60 fpm, feet per min. Use of a high-speed steel blade is assumed. Courtesy of RMI Company...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.9781627082693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and dissolution of all or most secondary phases. Precipitation hardening of nickel and iron-nickel superalloys is conducted using standard precipitation-hardening procedures, that is, solution heat treating, quenching, and then artificially aging at an intermediate temperature. While this sounds rather...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... alloys have essentially all-alpha microstructures. Beta alloys have largely all-beta microstructures after air cooling from the solution-treating temperature above the beta transus. Alpha-beta alloys contain a mixture of alpha and beta phases at room temperature. Within the alpha-beta class, an alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... alloys to be strengthened by solution treating (exceeding the beta transus, or at least producing significant beta phase for subsequent transformation) and aging (heating to produce further change in the transformed beta—martensites, acicular alpha—and the retained beta). The specific amount of beta...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... and nickel-base superalloys. aluminum-copper alloys nickel-base superalloys nonequilibrium reactions precipitation hardening solution heat treating SOLID-STATE PRECIPITATION REACTIONS are of great importance in engineering alloys. Phase diagram configurations that give rise to precipitation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... solution treated and aged to 43 HRC, equivalent to a tensile strength of 200 ksi (1379 MPa) for PH 15-7 Mo, and to 35 HRC with a tensile strength of 163 ksi (1124 MPa) for A-286. Table 10.1 Comparison of machining characteristics of PH 15-7 Mo (43 HRC) steel with A-286 (35 HRC) iron-nickel-base...