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solution hardening

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Published: 01 June 2007
Fig. 7.1 Solid-solution hardening effect of various alloying elements in ferrite. Source: Ref 1 More
Image
Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. B.14 Wrought Hastelloy X solid-solution-hardened nickel-base superalloy microstructure; carbide precipitation has been influenced by deformation. Dislocations have formed around a primary M 6 C, and M 23 C 6 have precipitated on some of them. Thin-foil specimen. Original magnification More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 3.1 Tensile properties of solid-solution-hardened Inconel 625. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 3.2 Creep strength of solid-solution-hardened Inconel 625. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 3.3 Mechanical properties of solid-solution-hardened and aged Inconel 718. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. A.42 Graphical solution for the strain-hardening exponent ( n = U c / U p ) from the conventional stress-strain curve. Source: Ref A.48 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... provides additional detail on the strengthening and softening mechanisms that allow aluminum alloys to attain a range of engineering properties. The strength of aluminum alloys can be controlled by three methods: solid-solution hardening by alloying, work hardening by plastic deformation, and precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the metallurgical changes that occur and the improvements that can be achieved in superalloys through solid-solution hardening, precipitation hardening, and dispersion strengthening. It also explains how further improvements can be achieved through the control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... decisions. It discusses the basic concepts of fusion welding and the differences between solid-solution-hardened and precipitation-hardened wrought superalloys. It addresses joint integrity, design, weld-related cracking, and the effect of grain size, precipitates, and contaminants. It covers common fusion...
Image
Published: 01 June 1983
Figure 7.19 Yield and ultimate tensile strengths as a function of temperature for annealed, commercially pure, and solution-hardened aluminum and a precipitation-hardened alloy. Open symbols are yield strengths; closed symbols are ultimate tensile strengths ( Handbook on Materials More
Image
Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 17 Families of solid-solution and age-hardenable nickel-base wrought alloys More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... additions, with elements such as aluminum, titanium, and chromium reducing the density and elements such as tungsten, rhenium, and tantalum increasing it. The main strengthening mechanisms for nickel and iron-nickel superalloys are solid-solution hardening and precipitation hardening. In addition, grain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190vii
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... components in aluminum cast alloys Group of components Element Material effects Alloy components determine alloy destination and properties (required content specified in the material standard). Si Precipitation hardening of solid solution Castability improvement Cu Precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... for hardening or strengthening, namely solution treating and aging. Examples are presented for heat treating of two commercially important nonferrous alloys, one from the aluminum-copper system and one from the copper-beryllium system. aging annealing cold working nonferrous alloys solution treatment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...-solution hardening, carbide precipitation, precipitation hardening, and/or work hardening. Solid-solution hardening is provided by cobalt, iron, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, titanium, and aluminum. Nickel forms a complete series of solid solutions with copper and has nearly complete...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... for strengthening, because cobalt alloys are not precipitation hardenable. Chromium can also provide some solid-solution hardening in cobalt-base alloys. The refractory elements in all superalloy families provide solid-solution hardening to the γ matrix. Aluminum is added to form strengthening precipitates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... and nickel-base superalloys. aluminum-copper alloys nickel-base superalloys nonequilibrium reactions precipitation hardening solution heat treating SOLID-STATE PRECIPITATION REACTIONS are of great importance in engineering alloys. Phase diagram configurations that give rise to precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...) and/or γ″-Ni 3 Nb precipitates form in the fcc γ matrix. The second is the low-coefficient-of-thermal-expansion (CTE) group of alloys discussed subsequently. The third group of nickel-iron-base superalloys is the modified stainless steels, primarily strengthened by solid-solution hardening and minor...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... ). This increase in distortion, or strain, creates barriers to dislocation movement. The distortion energy causes some hardening and strengthening of the alloy and is called solid-solution hardening. The solute atoms have a different size than the host atoms, which alters the crystal lattice. As a result, a moving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... from solid-solution hardeners and precipitated phases. Principal strengthening precipitate phases are γ′ and γ″, which are found in iron-nickel- and nickel-base superalloys. Carbides may provide limited strengthening directly (e.g., through dispersion hardening) or, more commonly, indirectly (e.g...