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solution composition

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Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 3.14 The variation of Δ H mix with composition for a regular solution. Adapted from Ref 3.1 More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3.10 Crystal structure and composition square of III-V compound solution. (a) Crystal structure. (b) Composition square More
Image
Published: 01 September 2011
Fig. 7.16 Single-piece composite solution for Mack truck More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 5.15 Image of a composite cross section dyed with Rhodamine B in solution. Viewed using epi-fluorescence, 390–440 nm excitation, 25× objective. The use of the dye was necessary to distinguish the multiple phases within the matrix. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of compositions are considered to be intermediate or secondary solid solutions. Intermediate phases can be classified based on their melting behavior, either congruent or incongruent melting phases. On heating, an incongruent melting phase decomposes into two different phases, usually one solid and one liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... of the total liquid solution. Two terms are often used to describe the amount that has been dissolved. A 10 wt% sodium chloride value can be called the concentration of salt in the solution or the composition of the solution. Notice in Fig. 2.1 that after a certain maximum amount of salt has dissolved...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... The chemical composition of the environment affects crevice corrosion by providing a solution in which the material is passive while also containing anions that can lead to local breakdown (such as chloride ions). These aggressive anions will concentrate over time in the crevice to the point where localized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... 2.10 . Until the liquidus temperature is reached, the alloy exists as a homogeneous liquid of 10% B in 90% A. At a temperature slightly below the liquidus, crystals of solid-solution alpha solidify. They are rich in metal A and have the composition represented by X . If the melt is cooled under...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... Alkaline Chromate Composition Dissolve chromic acid in water. Add caustic solid very slowly over at least 5 min. Method of Use Heat solution to boiling point (118 to 120 °C). Immerse specimen for 5 to 20 min. Remove quickly and place in a container of cold water. Rinse and dry...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... of matter is called a phase. A phase may be a solid, a liquid, or a gas. A phase may be a pure material or a solution of several components. A solid phase is either crystalline or amorphous (noncrystalline). A crystalline phase has a characteristic crystal structure and a definite composition range...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... from the corrosion process. Pits are commonly the result of a concentration cell established by a variation in solution composition that is in contact with the alloy material. Such compositional variations result when the solution at a surface irregularity is different from that of the bulk solution...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... the degrees of freedom; and C is the number of components in the system. Usually, a component, C , is an alloying element, compound, or solution in the system. The degrees of freedom, F , is the number of variables (pressure, temperature, and composition) that can be changed independently without...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Principles and Practice George F. Vander Voort, p 562-609 DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850562 Copyright © 1999 ASM International® All rights reserved. www.asminternational.org CHAPTER H ELECTROLYTIC POLISHING SOLUTIONS Solutions for aluminum and alloys Conditions Electrolyte composition Current density...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... solutions. When this occurs in a binary system, the phase diagram usually has the general appearance of that in the copper-nickel system shown in Fig. 4.4 . Temperature is plotted along the ordinate axis, and the alloy composition is shown on the abscissa axis. The composition ranges from 0 wt% Ni (100 wt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... behavior. Pitting Pitting is a form of localized attack caused by a breakdown in the thin passive oxide film that protects material from the corrosion process. Pits are commonly the result of a concentration cell established by a variation in solution composition that is in contact with the alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdktmse.9781627084703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-470-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... content with temperature; the Gibbs free energy, which determines whether or not a chemical reaction is possible; and the chemical potential or chemical activity, which describes the effect of compositional change in a solution phase on its energy. All of these thermodynamic quantities are part...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... for aluminum and aluminum alloys (continued) Material Etch composition Remarks Al-Cu-Mg castings Very pure Al 1 g NaOH 100 mL H20 808 mL orthophosphoric acid 1660 mL Carbitol 320 mL HF 128 g anhydrous boric acid 72 g oxalic acid 1012 mL H,0 Use polished surface. Immerse sample in solution at room temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... ASM International® All rights reserved. www.asminternational.org APPENDIX J DISLOCATION ETCHING TECHNIQUES Material Ag Ag Etchant composition Solution a 50 mL aq. sat. CrO, 50 mL water 5 mL 10% aq. HC1 Solution b 9% aq. KCN Solution c 25 mL NH4 OH 5 mL H 2 0 2 1 part oxygen 9 parts argon Plane (HI...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190vii
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the microstructure-property relationships associated with aluminum-silicon alloys. It includes information on commercial designations and grades, phase compositions, solidification paths, alloying elements, and intermetallic phases. It also provides...