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solid-state methods

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
.... These methods may be classified as mechanical fastening, adhesive bonding, soldering and brazing, welding, and solid-state joining. This chapter summarizes the principal characteristics of these joining methods. It presents a comparison between solders and brazes. Further details on pressure welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... welding techniques, defect prevention, fixturing, heat treatments, and general practices, including the use of filler metals. It also discusses several solid-state welding methods, superplastic forming, and transient liquid phase bonding, a type of diffusion welding process. The chapter includes extensive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... by mechanical fastening, adhesive bonding, and, for thermoplastic composites, welding; the making of glass-to-metal seals; and joining of oxide and nonoxide ceramics to themselves and to metals by solid-state processes and by brazing. The classification, types, applications, and the mechanism of each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... on to analyze the stress state of load-bearing members, pressurized tubes, and pin-loaded lugs, accounting for the effect of geometric discontinuities, such as cutouts, fillets, and holes, as well as cracks. It also explains how finite element methods are used to solve problems involving complex geometric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., and the need for contaminant-free surfaces and atmospheres. It describes common forms of fusion, arc, and solid-state welding along with the use of filler metals, shielding gases, and stress-relief treatments. It also discusses the practice of titanium brazing and the role of filler metals. arc welding...
Book Chapter

By L. L. Sparks
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... is a fundamental property that relates the total heat per unit mass added to a system to the resultant temperature change of the system. This chapter begins with the definition and historical development of specific heat. Thermodynamic and solid state relationships are presented which include discussions about...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... are completely miscible in each other in both the liquid and solid states. Calculation methods are shown that allow the prediction of the phases present, the chemical compositions of the phases present, and the amounts of phases present. 4.1 Binary Systems Phase diagrams and the systems they describe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... to as diffusion bonding Forge welding Roll welding Coextrusion welding Cold welding Friction welding Friction stir welding Explosion welding Ultrasonic welding Process conditions with each of these methods may allow solid-state metallurgical reactions to occur in the weld zone. When...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... Jr. , Granato A. V. , Holder J. , and Naimon E. R. (1974) . Ultrasonic properties of the properties of solids . In Methods of Experimental Physics: Solid State Physics , Volume II . Academic, New York , 371 – 441 . Fürth R. (1941) . The stability of crystal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials” ( Ref 25 ), was the most widely accepted smoke evolution test in the United States as of 1989 ( Ref 26 ). Also known as the NBS (National Bureau of Standards, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) smoke test, it is a static...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... The major eutectic systems include the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. The chapter discusses the construction of eutectic phase diagrams from free energy curves. It also provides information on peritectic, monotectic, and solid-state reactions in alloy systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...-frequency ac. It should also be emphasized that the method of rating power level for induction power supplies varies. For example, motor-generators are rated in kilowatts (rated current times rated voltage times power factor) at the output terminals of the generator. Because solid-state power...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... in the TA, and the phase transition temperature can be determined. The use of dilatometry to determine solid-state phase boundaries is shown in Fig. 12.9 . A dilatometer consists of a sensing element such as a transducer, variable capacitor, and dial gage that is activated by the specimen positioned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... process used to produce long, straight, semifinished metal products such as a bar, solid and hollow sections, tubes, wires, and strips. The favorable compressive state of stress during extrusion allows a high capacity for deformation, and so it is possible to extrude metals that can be only slightly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... between Atoms Atoms interact with one another to form different states (or phases) of matter. The four fundamental states of matter are solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Atoms are less tightly bound in liquids and gases than they are in solids, which results in a high degree of atomic mobility between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...) phase—and including many solid-state transformations during thermomechanical treatment. In general, these transformations take place with the formation of many nuclei of the new phase(s) that is (are) formed in the volume of material undergoing the transformation. Most often the phases formed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., normalizing, homogenizing, hardening, austempering, quenching, solution treating, and precipitation hardening. Still other heat treatment processes may involve the solid-state addition of other elements into the atomic structure by diffusion processes such as carburizing, carbonitriding, and nitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... Metall . 5 , 303 – 309 . 10.1016/0001-6160(57)90042-1 Klemens P. G. (1958) . Thermal conductivity and lattice vibrational modes. In Solid State Physics , Vol. 7 (eds. Seitz F. and Turnbull D. ). Academic Press , New York , 1 – 98 . 10.1016/S0081-1947(08)60551-2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., the application of both fusion welding and solid-state welding processes must be evaluated using appropriate weldability test methods for their ability to either recreate or retain base metal characteristics across the joint. When metallurgical reactions occur, they can either benefit or adversely affect...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... Solid-State Joining 1.1 Joining Methods 1.1.2 Adhesive Bonding 1.1.1 Mechanical Fastening 1.1.7.1 Pressure Welding 1.1.7.2 Friction Welding 1.1.6 Comparison between Brazes and Solders 1.1.7 Pressure Welding, Friction Welding, and Diffusion Bonding 1.2.1 Surface Energy and Surface...