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solid-solution strengthening

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... on strength and toughness, continuous and discontinuous yielding behaviors, and dispersion and solid-solution strengthening processes. aging deformation ductile-to-brittle transition ferrite fracture microstructure strengthening AT SOME STAGE OF PROCESSING, the matrix microstructure of all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The strengthening mechanisms covered are solid-solution strengthening, cold working, and dispersion strengthening. The effect of grain size on the yield strength of a material is also discussed. cold working creep deformation dispersion strengthening elasticity plasticity solid-solution strengthening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... with alloying, the reduction is very moderate, and these alloys still have very good ductility. Fig. 3.1 Solid-solution strengthening for copper-nickel alloys When a metal is alloyed with another metal, either substitutional or interstitial solid solutions ( Fig. 3.2 ) are usually formed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the metallurgical changes that occur and the improvements that can be achieved in superalloys through solid-solution hardening, precipitation hardening, and dispersion strengthening. It also explains how further improvements can be achieved through the control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... is reduced somewhat with alloying, the reduction is very moderate and these alloys all still have very good ductility. Fig. 2.5 Solid-solution strengthening for copper-nickel alloys. Source: Ref 2.2 When a metal is alloyed with another metal, either substitutional or interstitial solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
..., that is, whether primarily solid-solution strengthening or primarily precipitation strengthening is employed. Fusion welding relies on melting and solidification of either base alloys of the components to be joined or base alloys plus a filler that may have: The same nominal composition of the base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... at an intermediate temperature, a coherent second phase precipitates from the supersaturated solid solution. These coherent second-phase particles strain the matrix and block the motion of dislocations, thus strengthening the alloy. The high heat from welding causes two types of strength degradation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... to 0.340 lb/in. 3 ). Density is influenced by alloying additions, with elements such as aluminum, titanium, and chromium reducing the density and elements such as tungsten, rhenium, and tantalum increasing it. The main strengthening mechanisms for nickel and iron-nickel superalloys are solid-solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... solutions also are stronger than pure metals, because the solute causes straining of the lattice (see section 3.2.1, “Solid-Solution Strengthening,” in Chapter 3 in this book). Heat spurs the movement of atoms through diffusion, and the heating of iron or steel can cause the iron atoms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... diagrams face-centered cubic grain boundaries hexagonal close-packed line defects planar defects point defects solid solution solubility limit volume defects THE BUILDING BLOCK of all matter, including metals, is the atom, which means “unable to be cut” in Greek. The concept of the atom...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Many of the properties of the alloys arise from the crystallographic nature of cobalt, Co (in particular its response to stress), the solid-solution-strengthening effects of chromium, Cr, tungsten, W, and molybdenum, Mo, the formation of metal carbides, and the corrosion resistance imparted by chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... microalloyed steels Vanadium-nitrogen microalloyed steels Titanium-microalloyed steels Niobium-titanium microalloyed steels Vanadium-titanium microalloyed steels These steels may also include other elements for improved corrosion resistance and solid-solution strengthening, or enhanced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... tungsten to 32 μm (0.001 in.) for W-26Re. The hardness of Mo-41Re is 60% greater than that of pure molybdenum, and the strength of the alloy is 75% higher, while its elongation is an acceptable 17%. Rhenium is also a solid-solution-strengthening alloying element in superalloys. A number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-strength alloys than in Ti-6Al-4V. These alloys are stronger and more readily heat treated than Ti-6Al-4V. This capability arises from the increased solid-solution strengthening afforded by tin and zirconium, which have relatively small effects on the transformation temperature, and from the increased...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in improved corrosion resistance. Fig. 3 Effects of alloying additions on the corrosion resistance of nickel alloys. HT, high-temperature Most of the difficulties in processing nickel-base alloys are associated with the higher strength solid-solution-strengthened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... 0–12 0–11 Al 0–6 0–4.5 Ti 0–6 0–4 Co 0–20 … Ni … 0–22 Nb 0–5 0–4 Ta 0–12 0–9 Re 0–6 0–2 Table 3.3 Role of alloying elements in superalloys Effect (a) Iron-base Cobalt-base Nickel-base Solid-solution strengtheners Cr, Mo Nb, Cr, Mo, Ni, W...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... steels have small amounts of alloying elements such as phosphorus, manganese, or silicon added to low-carbon (0.02 to 0.13% C) steels to attain high strength levels. In these steels, higher strength is achieved by rapid cooling to produce a very fine ferrite grain size, by solid-solution strengthening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... treatable with strengthening from CuAl 2 2 xx.x Copper Heat treatable with strengthening from CuAl 2 3 xxx Manganese Work hardened and solid solution strengthened 3 xx.x Silicon, with added copper and/or magnesium Heat treatable with copper (magnesium intensifies precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... morphology. It then discusses the concept of solid solutions, the difference between substitutional and interstitial solid solubility, the effect of alloying elements, and the development of intermetallic phases. The chapter also covers the construction and use of binary and ternary phase diagrams...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., Ti), γ″ bct (body-centered tetragonal) ordered Ni 3 Nb, η hexagonal ordered Ni 3 Ti, and δ orthorhombic Ni 3 Nb intermetallic compounds in nickel- and iron-nickel-base superalloys. The superalloys derive their strength from solid-solution hardeners and precipitated phases. Principal strengthening...