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solid-solution annealing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... structure of metals and their role in mechanical deformation, annealing, precipitation, and diffusion. It describes the concept of solid solutions and the effect of temperature on solubility and phase transformations. The chapter also discusses the formation of solidification structures, the use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of annealing time at fixed temperature (400 °C, or 750 °F) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. (b) Effect of annealing temperature at fixed time (15 min) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. Source: Ref 14.2 Fig. 14.2 Effect of annealing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... of this operation is to affect a solid homogeneous solution of all phases. Consequently, this part of the operation is commonly known as solution treating or homogenizing. Because the structures of castings are relatively heterogeneous, a much longer time (at least twice as long) is required at the solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... formation Promoting grain growth Dissolving phases Producing new phases, by precipitation from solid solution Altering surface chemistry by the introduction of foreign atoms Promoting new phase formation through the introduction of foreign atoms One common heat treating practice used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...: Elements that form solid solutions with iron: C, Cr, Mn, Mo, Si, and Co Elements that tend to stabilize austenite: Mn, Ni, Co, Cu, and N Elements that tend to form carbides: Cr, W, Ti, Ta, Nb, V, Mo, Zr, and Mn Generally, carbide formers are also ferrite stabilizers. Elements that tend...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... after fabrication. Fig. 30.10 Mechanical alloying powder metallurgy process. Source: Ref 5 Annealing of solid-solution-strengthened superalloys means full annealing, that is, complete recrystallization and the attainment of maximum softness. Typical annealing heat treatments...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Promote grain growth Promote new recrystallized grain formation Dissolve phases Produce new phases, owing to precipitation from solid solution Cause alloy surface chemistry to change by introduction of foreign atoms Cause new phases to form by introduction of foreign atoms Heat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... ductility, although usually not to the same degree as unalloyed copper. Even alloys with large amounts of solid-solution-hardening elements, such as zinc, aluminum, tin, and silicon, are readily processed by cold working beyond 50% before an intermediate anneal is required to permit additional processing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... solid-solution matrix. Replica electron micrograph, original magnification 4500×. Condition: Solution treated and aged—solution annealed 4 h at 1175 °C (2150 °F) and aged 24 h at 980 °C (1800 °F). Source: Ref 1 , 2 Fig. D.16 Structure is precipitates of M6C and “Co2W” intermetallic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... . The microstructure of CP nickel consists of grains of gamma solid solution. Twinning may be present in cold-worked or annealed material. Carbon is present as finely distributed spheroidal graphite in cast materials. Nickel 200 is used for a variety of processing equipment, particularly to maintain product purity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... annealing will eliminate any prior cold work by recrystallization and will dissolve secondary M 23 C 6 -type carbides that may have formed upon cooling during welding. Typical solution annealing temperatures for some solid-solution-strengthened alloys are given in Table 9.3 . The time required can range...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... approaches to produce overaging and the removal of carbon from solid solution in ferrite of low-carbon steels subjected to continuous annealing. Source: Ref 12.13 Some sheet steels are subjected to severe forming operations. In particular, sheet steel subjected to deep drawing operations may fail...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... TiCS forms in the solid state if sulfur is present; if not, TiC forms. Essentially all carbon is removed from solution below 1250 °C if carbon and nitrogen are kept as low as possible and a stoichiometric amount of titanium is available (i.e., greater than about four times the carbon plus nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The strengthening mechanisms covered are solid-solution strengthening, cold working, and dispersion strengthening. The effect of grain size on the yield strength of a material is also discussed. cold working creep deformation dispersion strengthening elasticity plasticity solid-solution strengthening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...-treatable alloys is a result of a combination of solid-solution strengthening, second-phase constituents, dispersoid precipitates, and work hardening. The alloys normally hardened by work or strain hardening include the commercially pure aluminums (1 xxx ), the aluminum-manganese alloys (3 xxx ), some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... improves oxidation resistance at high temperatures. Tin and zirconium are considered neutral because they neither raise nor lower the beta transus temperature. Tin has extensive solid solubility in both the alpha and beta phases and is often used as a solid-solution strengthener in conjunction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... microstructure and hardness. In nonferrous alloys, annealing cycles are designed to: remove part or all of the effects of cold working (recrystallization may or may not be involved); cause substantially complete coalescence of precipitates from solid solution in relatively coarse form; or both, depending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... diagrams face-centered cubic grain boundaries hexagonal close-packed line defects planar defects point defects solid solution solubility limit volume defects THE BUILDING BLOCK of all matter, including metals, is the atom, which means “unable to be cut” in Greek. The concept of the atom...