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solid solution

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract When a metal is alloyed with another metal, either substitutional or interstitial solid solutions are usually formed. This chapter discusses the general characteristics of these solutions and the effects of several alloying elements on the yield strength of pure metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... cooling; II, as-cast state, fast cooling; M, modification; P, pressure casting; HT, heat treatment Changes in dispersion of dendrite grains of the αAl solid solution after chemical modification and heat treatment, and due to change in cast technology parameters Table 1.8 Changes in dispersion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
... and their relevance in design and manufacturing. It begins with a review of compositional impurities, the physical arrangement of atoms in solid solution, and the factors that determine maximum solubility. It then describes different types of structural imperfections, including point, line, and planar defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... solubility in a solid solution of it. Those with a diameter ratio less than 0.59 have a high probability for interstitial alloying with it. Fig. 32 Illustration of the lever rule to determine phase compositions at intermediate points along the solidus and liquidus lines (see text) Fig. 11...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract Phases are distinct states of aggregation of matter and one of the primary leverage points for understanding and applying materials. This chapter discusses the phase nature of metals and alloys, the concept of solid solutions, and the use of phase diagrams. It also describes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... that occur in single-component and binary solid solutions. It then examines the relationship between the free energy of a solution and the chemical potentials of the individual components. It also explains how to account for the heat of mixing using quasi-chemical models, discusses the effect of interatomic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and an interstitial atom. Source: Ref 2.5 Fig. 2.28 Schottky mechanism of vacancy formation Fig. 2.29 Types of solid solutions. Two-dimensional model shows (a) the substitutional type, in which the solute atoms substitute at positions of the solvent atoms, and (b) the interstitial type, in which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the metallurgical changes that occur and the improvements that can be achieved in superalloys through solid-solution hardening, precipitation hardening, and dispersion strengthening. It also explains how further improvements can be achieved through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... and the solid-state transformations of the main classes of metals and alloys during fusion welding. The main classes include work- or strain-hardened metals and alloys, precipitation-hardened alloys, transformation-hardened steels and cast irons, stainless steels, and solid-solution and dispersion-hardened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... grain morphology. It then discusses the concept of solid solutions, the difference between substitutional and interstitial solid solubility, the effect of alloying elements, and the development of intermetallic phases. The chapter also covers the construction and use of binary and ternary phase diagrams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... temperatures for solid-solution-strengthened alloys Table 9.3 Typical solution annealing and mill annealing temperatures for solid-solution-strengthened alloys Alloy Solution annealing temperature range Minimum temperature for mill annealing °C °F °C °F Hastelloy X 1165–1190 2125–2175...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... on strength and toughness, continuous and discontinuous yielding behaviors, and dispersion and solid-solution strengthening processes. aging deformation ductile-to-brittle transition ferrite fracture microstructure strengthening AT SOME STAGE OF PROCESSING, the matrix microstructure of all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Steel is made by adding carbon to iron, producing a solid solution defined by its crystalline structure. This chapter discusses the effect of carbon composition and temperature on the types of structures, or phases, that form. Using detailed phase diagrams, it explains how low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...%. Source: Ref 3.6 Fig. 3.23 Schematic of a curve for engineering stress and strain for pure copper and a cartridge brass (Cu-30Zn) solid-solution alloy. The alloy has a higher yield strength and a lower work- (strain-) hardening rate. Source: Ref 3.7 Fig. 3.25 The effect of plastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and solute redistribution, called segregation. Because the atomic arrangement in the liquid phase is less compact than in the solid phases of iron (BCC or FCC), a significant change of volume (contraction) occurs during solidification. (In the case of cast irons, see Chapter 17, “Cast Irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... ( 1 − k 4 ) ] Figure 7.8 shows the variables used in the derivation. The approach presented in the earlier section “Derivation of Equation for δ by Integration” does not lend itself to closed-form solution as in the case of solid circular sections. Thus, the simpler approach...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of pressure or temperature, the phases may be solid, liquid, or gas. Alloys, which contain two or more elements, also have solid, liquid, and gas phases, but solid alloys may also contain phases with different crystalline structures. Second phases are precipitates that form when a solute alloying element...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190vii
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2 Formation of cast part properties: factors of macro- and microscale parameters A cast part of a technical alloy is built of particular crystallites (grains) of condensed phases—that is, solid solutions, intermetallic phases, and nonmetallic inclusions. This internal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the same crystal structure, and the components of some of these systems are completely miscible (completely soluble in each other) in the solid form, thus forming a continuous solid solution. When this occurs in a binary system, the phase diagram usually has the general appearance of that shown in Fig...