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solid particle erosive wear testing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers common types of erosion, including droplet, slurry, cavitation, liquid impingement, gas flow, and solid particle erosion, and major types of wear, including abrasive, adhesive, lubricated, rolling, and impact wear. It also covers special cases such as galling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... in a marked change in the measured or apparent friction coefficient. More detailed information on friction measurement techniques can be found in the article “Laboratory Testing Methods for Solid Friction” in Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Volume 18 in the ASM Handbook . Wear In general...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Fretting – 1 million cycles Galling – one 360° pass Sand abrasion – 3,000 9-inch diameter rubber wheel revolutions Solid particle erosion – (ASTM G76) 10 minutes (20 g) Scratch tests – one pass In general, tests should be long enough to establish a steady-state condition of wear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...; it resists corrosion in many chemicals. This in turn eliminates the corrosion component of liquid erosion. Figure 10.6 shows solid-particle erosion tests that indicate alumina eroded worse than 304 stainless steel in 90° impingement with aluminum oxide abradant. When the abradant was changed to glass beads...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... in evaluating piston ring wear is to rub candidate piston ring materials against candidate cylinder wall materials—this is how wear problems are addressed. Erosion differs from wear in that it involves the mechanical action of a fluid. Fig. 1.1 Solid particle erosion of a pipeline wear-back...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . Erosion Erosion can be defined as the removal of surface material by the action of numerous individual impacts of solid or liquid particles. Erosive wear should not be confused with abrasive or sliding wear, because the mechanisms of material removal, and therefore...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... μm average particle size. Source: Ref 13 Nagarajan and Wright ( Ref 14 ) investigated iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-base alloys and the effect of an oxidizing environment on the erosion resistance of the alloys. Their test environments included argon (an inert atmosphere) and a simulated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... their performance in adhesive and abrasive wear applications and in environments where they are subjected to solid particle, droplet, slurry, and cavitation erosion and fretting damage. alloy composition carbon and low-alloy steel friction and wear properties microstructure tool steel wrought product...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... surface. Conclusions The failure of the LTRH tube was attributed to excessive wear caused by high-velocity or large solid and erosive fly ash particles. Coal Particle Erosion Erosion of the tube surface due to the impact of incompletely or unburned coal particles is termed coal particle...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... involving corrosion and erosion in the presence of a moving corrosive fluid, leading to the accelerated loss of material. erosivity. The characteristic of a collection of particles, liquid stream, or a slurry that expresses its tendency to cause erosive wear when forced against a solid surface under...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...). Abrasive erosion-corrosion takes place when abrasive solid particles entrained in a liquid (e.g., a slurry) impinge on a metal surface, causing the removal of the protective oxide film. Abrasive erosion-corrosion can also take place when hot gases with entrained solid particles impinge on metal surfaces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... residential and commercial applications. Monels are considered superior to pure coppers for resistance to liquid erosion in water systems. Copper alloys in general are not resistant to abrasion of the solid-particle type of erosion produced by the ASTM International G76 solid-particle impingement test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... diffusion treatments tested in abrasion studies outperformed boron diffusion treatments such as boronizing, so these coatings will likely perform better than unmodified metals in solid-particle erosion applications at room temperature. Needless to say, surface treatments that are used to improve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... to be resistant to solid particle erosion. They have a lower elastic modulus than steels and elastic modulus is a component of the ability of a material to resist solid particle erosion. Thus, steel with an elastic modulus of 207 GPa (30,000,000 psi) compared to copper that has 125 GPa (18,000,000 psi) makes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... International G133 solid-particle erosion test, but plastics can be ranked for solid-particle erosion resistance with 15° impingement with glass beads. Any time that a plastic is used in continuous sliding, there should be consideration of frictional heating; or maybe a plastic is running in a hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... flowing across the metal surface after impinging upon the surface. This is characteristic of erosive wear, in which free particles strike the surface at an angle and then slide across the surface. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Scanning electron microscope image of an area of abrasive wear on a soft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... oxide (27μm). Stainless steel had slightly lower erosion resistance than 1020 steel, but from the practical standpoint, nothing can resist sharp alumina particles at 300 m/s in the ASTM G76 solid particle test. Low angle tests are needed before differences in erosion resistance emerge. In general...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... grades. Solid Particle Erosion Ordinary gray cast irons are not resistant to the 90° aluminum oxide impingement in the ASTM G76 solid particle erosion test. It yields results similar to low-carbon steel. However, white irons may be better, but G76 types of tests should be used to quantify...