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solid oxide fuel cells

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... for preventing deformation of large metal substrates during the spray process, and (v) industrialization of the production process, which also means improvement of spray equipment. 25 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and High Temperature Electrolysers of Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell-Type (SOEC) Fuel cells directly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... is that it must be solid. Tungsten and molybdenum oxidize very rapidly at high temperatures because their oxides are volatile. Because vanadium pentoxide (V 2 O 5 ) forms a low-melting eutectic with Fe 2 O 3 , which flows off of the surface, fuels containing a small amount of vanadium have caused serious problems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., the deteriorating effect under normal long-term service condi- tions. acid rain. Atmospheric precipitation with a pH below 5.6 to 5.7. Burning of fossil fuels for heat and power is the major factor in the generation of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, which are converted into nitric and sulfuric acids washed down...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Atmospheric precipitation with a pH below 5.6 to 5.7. Burning of fossil fuels for heat and power is the major factor in the generation of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, which are converted into nitric and sulfuric acids in atmospheric moisture (fogs and precipitation). See also atmospheric corrosion. acrylic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and reduction , Reaction 3, occurs at the cathode. The electrolyte is the medium through which the ions migrate; in the case of corrosion reactions, this is most commonly a water-based solution, but at high temperatures it could be a solid oxide. The final constituent of the electrochemical cell is a pathway...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... categories: Production of organic and inorganic acids as metabolic by-products Production of sulfides under oxygen-free (anaerobic) conditions Introduction of new redox reactions Production of oxygen or chemical concentration cells Acid Production The sulfur-oxidizing bacteria can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... advanced countries, will continue to need new and improved energy solutions. Hydroelectric, wind, fuel cells, bio-fuels, biomass, and solar are just a few examples of where thermal spray can play a role in renewable energy solutions in addition to the more traditional fossil fuel areas such as coal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... reliable, strong, and fracture-resistant parts for airframes, engines, and ultimately, for missile bodies, fuel cells, and satellite components. However, the aluminum industry growth was not limited to these developments. The first commercial applications of aluminum were novelty items such as mirror...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... result has been a strong growth in the use of the leaner ferritic stainless steels in many components. As more exotic propulsion systems and fuel, such as fuel cells and ethanol, emerge, stainless steels may be required to endure the corrosive environments. Introduction The use of stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., a complete electrical circuit is required. In a corroding system ( Fig. 18.1 ), this circuit is made up of four components: The anode is the electrode of an electrolytic cell at which oxidation is the principal reaction. Electrons flow away from the anode in the external circuit. It is the electrode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.9781627084284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... and forms a liquid solution of Al(OH) 3 . The SiO 2 and iron oxides are not dissolved and form a sediment that is filtered out ( Fig. 2.3b ). The Al(OH) 3 mixture that passes through the filter then enters a precipitation process to form solid particles. In the last stage (calcining), the particulate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... elements in cobalt-base heat resistant alloys Element Effect (a) Chromium Oxidation and sulfidation resistance, carbide former (M 7 C 3 and M 23 C 6 ) Molybdenum, tungsten Solid-solution strengtheners, carbide former (M 6 C), intermetallic compound (Co 3 M) Tantalum, niobium Solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... investment but limit the alloy flexibility and add the cost of distribution to individual holding and dosing furnaces of the manufacturing cells. In addition, each transfer of metal from the centralized unit to the cell results in metal cascading and the creation of oxides which may affect high-quality...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... metallic compo- nents that generates oxide films on the metal surfaces. These oxide films prevent the formation of a metallic bond between the sliding sur- faces, resulting in fine wear debris and low wear rates. oxyacetylene welding. An oxyfuel gas welding process in which the fuel gas is acetylene...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... An alloy that can be hardened by heat treatment. heat-treating film A thin coating or lm, usually an oxide, formed on the surface of metals during heat treatment. heat treatment Heating and cooling a solid metal or alloy in such a way as to obtain desired conditions or properties. Heating for the sole...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.9781627084567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7