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solid movement

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... atoms to diffuse to the dislocations and again form atmospheres that pin dislocation movement. alloying elements yield strength pure metals substitutional solid solutions interstitial solid solutions relative size factor chemical affinity factor relative valency factor lattice type factor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
...Abstract Abstract During fusion welding, the thermal cycles produced by the moving heat source causes physical state changes, metallurgical phase transformations, and transient thermal stresses and metal movement. This chapter begins by discussing weld metal solidification behavior...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Diffusion is the movement of atoms through the crystalline lattice. This chapter discusses the two main types of diffusion that can occur in solids: interstitial diffusion and substitutional diffusion. It describes Fick's first and second laws of diffusion, with emphasis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of defects are stationary within a solid structure. However, this is not the case. These defects can actually move through a crystalline structure if a sufficiently large stress is applied. The formation and movement of dislocations are the underlying basis of slip deformation and the mechanism of plastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... is the attainment of an increase in matrix strength by the addition of a different soluble element. The distortion of the atomic lattice caused by the misfit of atomic radius inhibits dislocation movement. Solid-solution hardening increases with atomic size difference, up to a maximum difference of approximately 10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Test Methods and Analytical Procedures , ASTM International , 1999 , p 237 – 259 4. Askeland D.R. , The Science and Engineering of Materials , 2nd ed. , PWS-Kent Publishing Co. , 1989 5. Epler M. , Structures by Precipitation from Solid Solution , Metallography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 256.00 10 7936.00 512.00 Source: Ref 2.6 Binary alloys exhibiting complete solid solubility Table 2.5 Binary alloys exhibiting complete solid solubility Elements Radius ratio Closeness of position in EM series, (a) V Similarity of valence Relative position in periodic chart...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of steel. It explains how steel shrinks as it solidifies, causing issues such as pipe and voids, and how differences in the solubility of solid and liquid steel lead to compositional heterogeneities or segregation. It describes the dendritic nature of solidification, peritectic and eutectic reactions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
..., ionic bond). A characteristic of this metallic bond is the ease of movement of the outer electrons, which are no longer attached to individual atoms but form an electron gas. This mobility of the electrons is the reason for the good electrical conductivity of metals. Nonmetallic crystalline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... dislocation. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.37 Combination screw and line dislocations. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.41 Line dislocation movement. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.42 Displacements caused by line and screw dislocations. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.24 Important directions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... extrusion , a stem, usually with a pressure pad in front, pushes the billet in a stationary container through a tool of the desired shape, the die. Relative movement takes place between the billet and the container. In contrast, in indirect extrusion , the die is located in front of a hollow stem...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of precipitation hardening, then describes its application to aluminum alloys and nickel-base superalloys. References References 16.1 Soffa W.A. , Structures Resulting from Precipitation from Solid Solution , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1985...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
.... , Physical Metallurgy , CRC , 2005 . 4.4 Wert A. and Thompson R.M. , Physics of Solids , McGraw-Hill , 1970 Electrical conduction through materials occurs by the movement of charge carriers such as electrons, missing electrons, or ions. The conductivity, σ, of a material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... of the scientific world that had a large impact on the field of metals occurred just prior to World War I. This was the discovery that x-rays could be used to measure the structure of crystalline solids. The concept was very simple yet profound. Ever since the discovery of x-rays, scientists had theorized about...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... In precipitation hardening, an alloy is heated to a high enough temperature to take a significant amount of an alloying element into solid solution. It is then rapidly cooled (quenched) to room temperature, trapping the alloying elements in solution. On reheating to an intermediate temperature, the host metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... For communication of such features to be meaningful, the various phases and microstructural constituents must be identified using a system of nomenclature that is both widely accepted and well understood. Usually, single phases are identified by Greek letters (α-brass, β-solid solution, σ-phase, etc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., any impediment to this free movement increases the resistance to the flow of the electrical current. These impediments include grain boundaries, second-phase particles, and lattice distortions caused by cold work, age hardening, and second elements in solid solution. In some applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... are surrounded by a cloud of valence electrons that are free to move about the lattice, accounting for high electrical conductivity. Metals have high thermal conductivities because the free movement of electrons allows them to transfer heat. Electrical conductivity decreases with anything that disturbs...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...., American Cyanamid Co. (c) John-Manville Co. (d) Mycalex Corp. of America. (e) Dow-Corning Co. (f) American Lava Corp. (g) Materials listed are available from a number of manufacturers. Fig. 10.3 Methods for continuous movement of parts through a controlled atmosphere during...