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solid dies

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Abstract Solid-state welding processes are those that produce coalescence of the faying surfaces at temperatures below the melting point of the base metals being joined without the addition of brazing or solder filler metal. This chapter discusses solid-state welding processes such as diffusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... surface hardening. This chapter introduces solid-state heat treatment of iron castings, covering general considerations for heat treatment and discussing the processes, advantages, and disadvantages of heat treatment of cast iron. annealing cast iron normalizing stress relieving surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to produce a variety of cemented carbides containing tungsten carbide, titanium carbide, and cobalt (WC-TiC-Co), and more complex tungsten carbide-cobalt alloys containing titanium carbide, tantalum carbide, and niobium carbide (WC-TiC-(Ta,Nb)C-Co) as well as other solid-solution cubic carbides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... a properly designed forging, the largest stress should be parallel to the fibrous structure, and the parting line of the dies should be located so as to minimize disruption to the grain flow lines. Fig. 4 Grain flow from forging. Source: Ref 5 Metals can be forged using hammers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... provided in the preform in error, such that as elements of the shape are completely filled, such as flanges or rails, the central material continues to displace outward underneath the filled flanges Porosity/voids —small openings, interstices, or channels within a consolidated solid mass or agglomerate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... tempering resistance of hot work tool steels. Such precipitation intensity depends on the amount of alloy elements in solid solution, which is related to the alloy composition and heat treating practice. Figure 27 explains this effect by comparing the addition of different alloy contents to carbon steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... the cast and wrought form often have slight variations in chemistry to facilitate the casting process. It is important to know exactly which composition is meant when dealing with these alloys. Solidification is the transformation of liquid to solid. During this process, atoms change their...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... preferred orientation is produced by hot rolling the steel on a hot strip mill, followed by rapid cooling. The rapid cooling keeps the aluminum and interstitial elements from forming aluminum nitride (AlN) particles (i.e., the aluminum and nitrogen atoms are in solid solution in the iron lattice). After...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... The liquid metal starts losing its temperature to the steel die at the instant the die cavity fills. The resulting solid-forms are dispersed in the liquid metal. The proportion of the solid formed in the liquid melt at a particular temperature is called the solid fraction or fraction solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Corrosive process exacerbated by moisture. Chemical etch may spill over and corrode adjacent components. Cannot etch burned or carbonized plastic material. Undercut and etch beyond edges of die requires a careful time endpoint. Non uniform formation of pocket depth. Pulsed solid state...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... through probe card PCB to the front side. The two main types of solid immersion lens (SIL) technologies that are applicable to backside FA are diffraction [14] and refraction-based SIL [15] with the latter being more commonly adopted. The term SIL refers to refractive SIL for the rest of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... course, affected by the amount of each alloying constituent added to it. In many instances, the effect is more or less directly proportional to the amount added, up to the limits of solid solubility at the temperature at which the property is measured. The processing and property effects of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... crystallographic nature of cobalt, Co (in particular its response to stress), the solid-solution-strengthening effects of chromium, Cr, tungsten, W, and molybdenum, Mo, the formation of metal carbides, and the corrosion resistance imparted by chromium. Generally, the softer and tougher compositions are used for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... in a solid state as stone and slagged off, leaving a mass of iron particles at the bottom of the pit. This iron was essentially carbon-free because it never reached a temperature in which carbon could be absorbed. With time, special fire pits were built to increase the amount of iron that could...