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soil texture

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... streams and rivers. Creeks through treeless fields continue to get wider with every heavy rain event. If the creek cuts through fields of just soil, the mechanical action of the flowing water carries away soil from the banks of the creek. There will be a plume of dirt-laden water out into the larger body...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... mechanism causing this corrosion is referred to as differential corrosion cells. Microbes and stray direct current (dc) in the soil also can affect underground corrosion. Fig. 1 Example of external corrosion of an underground pipeline. Lower quadrant of pipeline shown after coating removal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...-retention characteristics are the chief physical attributes of soil. Coarse soils (sands and gravels) that have good drainage and ample aeration corrode steel at a rate approaching that of the local atmosphere. Clay and silt soils are characterized by fine texture, high water retention, poor aeration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... to dealloying and elements preferentially removed Table 2 Combinations of alloys and environments subject to dealloying and elements preferentially removed Alloy Environment Element removed Brasses Many waters, especially under stagnant conditions Zinc (dezincification) Gray iron Soils...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... , Metallography and Microstructures of Low-Carbon and Coated Steels , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2004 11. Hutchinson W.B. , Nilsson K.I. , and Hirsch J. , Annealing Textures in Ultra-Low Carbon Steels , Metallurgy of Vacuum-Degassed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... from the soil and by lightly brushing with toothpaste with the mildest abrasive (CaCO 3 ). If a tribological study involves evaluating toothpastes or polishes, live teeth and filling materials should be used. Fossilized human teeth that are thousands of years old show significant scratching abrasion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., hydrotest, and outage periods Onshore and offshore oil and gas Mothballed and waterflood systems; oil- and gas-handling systems, particularly in those environments soured by sulfate-reducing-bacteria (SRB)-produced sulfides Underground pipeline Water-saturated clay-type soils of near-neutral pH...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Tribotesting Tribosystem Testing Velocity Tribotesting Environment Tribosystem Surface Texture during Testing Defining Tribotest Duration Material Characterization and Selection for Tribotesting Summary—Test Variables Tribotest Metrics Tribotesting Methods This may seem intuitive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... significantly from those produced by fatigue in nonaggressive environments. Although corrosion fatigue phenomena are diverse, several variables are known to repeatedly influence crack growth rate: Steel pipes buried in moist soils or immersed in water are often protected by cathodic protection. Cathodic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., bryozoans, and barnacles. Soils differ widely in mineral content, texture and permeability, moisture, pH and aeration, presence of organic matter and microorganisms, and electrical resistivity. Because of these variations, the corrosion performance of buried aluminum varies considerably, and a clear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
.... Original magnification 5×; note that fracture nuclei differ in texture from the main fracture surface Fig. 10 An example of a large piston rod fracture from a forging hammer. The fracture originated at the surface due to severe friction during contact with the interior of the hole in the upper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of Surface Texture in Technical Product Documentation ,” ISO 1302-2002, 2002 2. Totten G.E. , Ed., ASM Handbook , Volume 18 , Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 2017 , p 33 – 220 Selected References Selected References...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... point of crack initiation (at arrow), chevron and fanlike marks, and development of shear lips. (b) Fracture-origin area at 5×; note that fracture nuclei differ in texture from the main fracture surface. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 5 Examples of stress-strain curves requiring foot correction. D...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... and microstructure) of the steel as purchased. The normal options are: Hot or cold finished Wrought or cast Semifinished Prehardened Cold-finished steels are often used as-finished at the steel mill. They have a usable surface texture. Hot-finished steels have a scaled surface (oxide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... . Cleaning processes used for removing soils and contaminants are varied, and their effectiveness depends on the requirements of the specific application. Because of the variety of available cleaning materials and the process step possibilities, the selection of a cleaning procedure greatly depends...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... crystallographic texture. For example, a mildly rolled sheet has a tensile strength and tensile elongation in the rolling direction (241 MPa, or 35 ksi, and 2% elongation) that differ from those transverse to the rolling direction (262 MPa, or 38 ksi, and 8% elongation). The yield strength in compression...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... In the pipeline industry, MIC has been a concern since the 1920s and 1930s ( Ref 4 ) due to the susceptibility of carbon steel, the proximity of the pipelines to organic-material-laden soil, and the organic products that flow through them. Five common forms of bacteria are associated with MIC of carbon steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... environments are insoluble and provide protection to the underlying metal, thus establishing the self-limiting type of corrosion described in Chapter 8 . These adherent corrosion products provide a base for accumulation of airborne particles of dirt and soil. In relatively dirt-free environments—such as along...