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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., including filtration, chlorination, ion exchange, demineralization, reverse osmosis, caustic and chelant treatment, oxygen scavenging, and colloidal, carbonate, phosphate, and sodium aluminate conditioning. References References 7.1 Cohen P. , The ASME Handbook on Water Technology...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in molten chlorides, molten nitrates, molten fluorides, molten carbonates, and molten sodium hydroxide. molten salt corrosion 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Corrosion Process 15.3 Corrosion in Molten Chlorides 15.4 Corrosion in Molten Nitrates/Nitrides 15.5 Corrosion in Molten Sodium Hydroxide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... the corrosion behavior of alloys in molten aluminum, zinc, lead, lithium, sodium, magnesium, mercury, cadmium, tin, antimony, and bismuth. It also discusses the problem of liquid metal embrittlement, explaining how it is caused by low-melting-point metals during brazing, welding, and heat treating operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is an atlas of microstructures observed in AlSi7Mg, AlSi11, and Al21CuNiMg modified with either eutectic (strontium, sodium) or hypereutectic (phosphorus) silicon crystals. The microstructure images reveal the as-cast state of gravity castings made in sand...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... and the relative levels of force they produce. It describes the difference between crystalline and noncrystalline or amorphous materials and discusses common crystal structures, including face-centered cubic, body-centered cubic, hexagonal close packed, and diamond cubic. It also describes the structure of sodium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... to fall below 12.0 Use sodium hydroxide to raise the pH. The free cyanide content is maintained at 7.5 g/L. Procedure: Filter before use. Mix cold. Rotate sample (cathode) at about 50 r/min. Use Armco iron for anode, about 4 by 1 by ½ in size. Operate at 70 to 100°C and use a current density of 5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...% picral Granular bainite (martensite-austenite constituent) 4% picral Martensite, as-quenched 2% nital Martensite, tempered 4% picral + 2% nital Prior austenite grain boundaries Winsteard’s (modified) or boiling alkaline sodium picrate or Marshall’s reagent or saturated aqueous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Propionic acid Vapor 190 (374) Rapid attack Pyrogallic acid 355 g/L Room Nil Salicylic acid Saturated Room Nil Seawater ... 24 (75) Nil Seawater, 4 ½ yr test ... Ambient Nil Sebacic acid ... 240 (464) 0.008 Silver nitrate 50 Room Nil Sodium 100 To 593 Good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , and Waters J.M. , 1961a . Reaction of Beryl with Sodium Fluorosilicate Used in Extracting Beryllium from the Mineral , Bull. Inst. Min. Metall. , Vol 70 , p 397 – 406 Hyde K.R. , Robinson P.L. , Waterman M.J. , and Waters J.M. , 1961b . Structural Evidence on the Beryl...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... distillation of crude oil in petroleum refining. Sulfur in fuel oils can vary from a fraction of a percent for lighter oils to 3.5% for some residual oils ( Ref 1 ). Two other corrosive constituents in fuel oils are vanadium and sodium. Vanadium exists in certain crude oils as an oil-soluble porphyrin complex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , 1799 . Ann. Chim. (Phys.) , Vol 30 , p 82 Beryllium and beryllium-mineral-containing samples must first be fused with sodium carbonate, potassium hydroxide, or sodium fluoride, because their complete dissolution is usually difficult. Fritting with sodium peroxide or low-temperature fusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... are exhibited. As mentioned above, gold, platinum, and silver typically exhibit noble or immune behavior. Sodium, potassium, and magnesium are active in nearly all aqueous environments. Titanium and tantalum are passive in a wide range of aqueous environments. Aluminum and zinc are very reactive metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
....% Outer scale Inner scale Oxygen 14.99 25.90 Sulfur 3.76 0.93 Sodium … 2.40 Aluminum … 3.30 Silicon … 1.26 Calcium … 1.11 Iron 81.25 65.10 EDS analysis on OD surface of the tube Table 6.17 EDS analysis on OD surface of the tube Element Amount...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...) Same as (g) but at 800×. (i) Class 5, fibrous silicon eutectic. 200×. (j) Same as (i) but at 800×. (k) Class 6, very fine structure. 200×. (l) Same as (k) but at 800×. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 4.6 Effectiveness of sodium and strontium modifiers as a function of time. See Fig. 4.7 for degrees...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... phenacite. Sodium fluoride and sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP) modifiers were used while floating the undeslimed pulps at the original starting pH. For the collector, a fatty acid/fuel oil was used. Typically, 2 kg (4 lb) of sodium fluoride along with 1 to 2 kg (2 to 4 lb) of HMP were used per ton of ore...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Aluminum 0.90 Silicon 0.63 Sulfur 0.45 Iron 80.44 EDS analysis of scales formed on OD surface Table 6.10 EDS analysis of scales formed on OD surface Element Surface scales, wt.% Black Brown Oxygen 24.18 26.36 Sodium … 6.52 Aluminum 2.07 3.18...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... by the yellow precipitate that forms when the test solution shown in Table 11.1 is applied at 70 to 140 °F (21 to 60 °C) to the suspected surface. Test solution to check for lead contamination Table 11.1 Test solution to check for lead contamination Chromic acid, 10 wt% Sodium chlorate, 1.5 wt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... will disappear, and only clear water will remain. The sugar or salt has dissolved into the water, and the final liquid is said to be a solution of sugar or salt in water. What has happened to the sugar or salt? Consider the salt, because its molecule (sodium chloride [NaCl] for table salt or calcium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...) … Teledyne Wah Chang Albany Mg, V 910 (2,000) 1980 … 1,400 (3,000) … Western Zirconium Company Mg 455 (1,000) 1982 … 5,900 (13,000) (e) … Albany Titanium, Inc. K 2 TiF 6 … 1982 … … … (a) Mg = Kroll (magnesium) process; V and L = vacuum distillation or leaching; Na = sodium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of Iron in NaOH Solutions , Corros. Sci. , Vol 50 ( No. 6 ), 2008 , p 1726 – 1733 10.1016/j.corsci.2008.02.007 18.28 Humphries M.J. and Parkins R.N. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Mild Steels in Sodium Hydroxide Solutions Containing Various Additional Substances , Corros. Sci...