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soaking

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Image
Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 2-117 Soaking pit tongs that are to be operated from a crane More
Image
Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 2 Ramp-soak, programmable, single-point temperature controller. Courtesy of Honeywell, Inc. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses different thermal processes applicable to the various alloy groups of stainless steels, namely austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, precipitation hardening, and duplex stainless steels. The processes discussed include soaking, annealing, stress relieving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... steel GEAR HEAT TREATING operations consist of subjecting the gears to a definite time-temperature cycle as for any steel, which may be divided into three parts: heating, holding at temperature (soaking), and cooling. Individual cases vary, but certain fundamental objectives need to be stated...
Image
Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 13-8 Volume percent of primary carbides in H13 tool steel as a function of austenitizing temperature for specimens soaked at various times. Source: Ref 6 More
Image
Published: 01 April 2004
Fig. 1.27 Improvement in shear strength of a fluxless joint made with In-48Sn wire as a function of the number of wipes made with a paper tissue soaked in ethanol, immediately prior to melting of the solder More
Image
Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 13-9 Austenite grain size (as measured by ASTM grain size number) in H13 tool steel as a function of austenitizing temperature for specimens soaked for various times. Source: Ref 6 More
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 15 Correlation curves for correcting the Steven and Haynes M s temperature equation. When the carbon content is less than 0.9%, an 830 °C soak of over 2 h is required to produce a fully austenitic structure. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 5.3 Relationship between austenitizing parameters and grain size for grain-refined and non-grain-refined AISI 1060 steel. (a) Effect of austenitizing temperature (2 h soak). (b) Effect of austenitizing time. Source: Ref 5 More
Image
Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 4.3 Correction curves for use with the Steven and Haynes formula with author’s modifications to original curves shown by dashed lines. When carbon content is less than 0.9%, an 830 °C soak of over 2 h should produce a fully austenitic structure. Source: Ref 5 More
Image
Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 6 Isothermal transformation (IT) diagram for isothermal annealing of L6 tool steel: Heat at 845 °C (1550 °F); soak to uniform austenite; cool to 650 °C (1200 °F); hold 2 hours at 650 °C (1200 °F); annealed structure of ferrite carbide; cool to room temperature. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1999
-chromium bearing steel (ShKh15) after quenching and cold treatment (soak time 3 h). Source: Ref 20 .1 kg/mm 2 = 9.8 MPa More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...  Segregation of alloys Dimensions not conforming to specification  Segregation of carbon and lubricant … Sintering  Low cooling rate …  High cooling rate Low hardness  Low temperature Decarburization  High temperature Oxidation  Low soaking time Excess growth  High soaking time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... at the prescribed ingot soaking temperature. At the soak temperature, there are two important microstructural changes: (a) creating a uniform aluminum solid solution from those soluble elements (magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc) and (b) altering the iron and silicon-containing intermetallic particles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... of cleanliness required and subsequent operations to be performed. Abrasive blasting produces the lowest degree of cleanliness. Solvent, solvent vapor degrease, emulsion soak, alkaline soak, alkaline electroclean, alkaline plus acid cleaning, and finally ultrasonics each progressively produces a cleaner surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Composition Method of Use Prepare surface as for macroexamination and clean scrupulously with solvents to remove grease. Wash and dry. Soak a photographic printing paper in the sulfuric acid solution for 10 to 15 min. Roll emulsion surface of the photographic paper firmly against the prepared...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Thermal treatments used to process Fe-24Mn alloy Table 9.3 Thermal treatments used to process Fe-24Mn alloy Heat treatment Description A (FC) Annealed → furnace cooled to room temperature (293 K) B (FC + N) Annealed → furnace cooled to room temperature → soaked in liquid N (77 K...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 March 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gvar.t59360091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-435-2
... containing mass-elastic data are provided in Fig. 5.2(a) . Figure 5.2(b) shows where vibration-measuring transducers were placed for the test. Before taking data, the turbo-gen package was subjected to a standard heat-soak cycle at full load and speed for 3 h to establish the operational positions of all...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and makes the cast structure more uniform and more readily hot worked. Soaking temperatures and times depend on the specific alloy. For example, 1100 aluminum is soaked for approximately 1 h at 455 to 510 °C (850 to 950 °F), while 7075 requires up to 24 h at 455 to 470 °C (850 to 875 °F). Ingots...