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single-component systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... transport people or freight, it may be to launch a projectile, or it may be to manufacture a product. Consider these examples: The automobile is a transportation system. This system is a collection of both parts (the various components that make up the automobile, such as pistons, rings, battery...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Abstract In order to understand how various types of single-load fractures are caused, one must understand the forces acting on the metals and also the characteristics of the metals themselves. All fractures are caused by stresses. Stress systems are best studied by examining free-body diagrams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the unique characteristics of isomorphous alloy systems. It begins with a review of the naming conventions for multi-component systems and the construction of a three-dimensional phase diagram for a two-component alloy system. It explains how phase diagrams can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... failed, or the Challenger accident in which an O-ring failed). Some involve interfaces between parts (for example, the Apache helicopter blade failures in which the bonded interface failed). In other system failures, no single component fails, yet the system fails (for example, the laser targeting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... precipitation structures IF THE TWO-PHASE FIELD in the solid region of Fig. 5.1 is expanded so that it touches the solidus at some point, as shown in Fig. 5.2(a) , complete miscibility of the components is lost. Instead of a single solid phase, the diagram now shows two separate solid terminal phases...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Gibbs energy changes. It plots the energy of formation for many important metal oxides and explains how to construct isothermal stability diagrams to analyze complex reactions involving metals, alloys, and gases containing more than one reactive component. gas-metal systems isothermal stability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... wet or prepreg rovings and reconnecting these wet or prepreg rovings onto the next mandrel. Multiple-fiber delivery systems can be used interchangeably during winding to provide two or more types of fibers to a single winding pattern. Automatic loading of the wound parts into a curing oven and so on...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... single-action presses that incorporate some type of cushion system. The chapters describes the many ways that cushion systems are implemented in forming presses and the force and displacement characteristics achievable with each method. It also explains how multipoint cushion systems are designed and how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the basic components in an induction heat treating system. It describes the design and operating characteristics of power supplies, load-matching transformers, tuning capacitors, power regulators, controllers, process monitors, and diagnostic systems. It also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... bismaleimides. These newer resins offer some advantages in lower moisture absorption and have attractive electrical properties but at a significantly higher price. Phenolics are high-temperature systems that offer outstanding smoke and fire resistance and are frequently used for aircraft interior components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the various failure analysis techniques for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), focusing on conventional semiconductor manufacturing processes and materials. The discussion begins with a section describing the advances in integration and packaging technologies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... energies and chemical potentials, and shows how the equilibrium state of an alloy can be obtained from free-energy curves. binary solid solutions chemical potential Gibbs free energy interatomic bonds phase diagrams single-component systems thermodynamics THERMODYNAMICS is a branch of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... coexist in equilibrium: (Eq 6.1) P + F = C + 2 where P is the number of phases; F is the number of independent variables, called the degrees of freedom; and C is the number of components in the system. Usually, a component, C , is an alloying element, compound, or solution in the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter examines the isothermal phase transformations of the iron-carbide system. The discussion includes the formation of ferritic, eutectoid, hypoeutectoid, hypereutectoid, bainitic, and martensitic microstructures as well as their properties, composition, and metallurgy. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... extruded filaments. A second attractive feature of this composite system is that both components achieve substantial ductility in the 450 to 750 °C (840 to 1380 °F) temperature range. This behavior means that composite and component fabrication may be accomplished using normal metalworking techniques such...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... in [11] . With the introduction of 3D architectures into microelectronics components and systems, precise defect localization is requested to extend from 2D to 3D in order to maintain the availability of comprehensive failure analysis for investigating and understanding the underlying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...-Friedman Books , New York , 1999 • Kerzner , Harold , Project Management – A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling , 2nd Edition , van Nostrand , New York , 1984 • Krumwiede Kip R. , “ABC—Why It’s Tried and Why Its Needed” , Management Accounting Vol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... . Oxidation of Beryllides at Intermediate Temperatures—Anomalous Behavior and a Solution , Symposium on Components of Interest in Nuclear Reactor Technology , AIME-TMS , Warrensdale, PA , p 495 – 509 , 1964 Perkins F.C. , 1963 . “ Intermediate Temperature Oxidation of Beryllides, Final Report...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Gbytes. Manufacturers are moving toward integrating many different types of circuits on a single die and combining multiple die into an integrated component (such as a 3D IC) --including putting analog and DRAM circuits on previously digital ICs. Test methods that have conventionally been used for...