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single-angle diffraction

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 23 January 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stemsem.9781627082921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-292-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... that are comparable in magnitude to the wavelength. A diffracted beam is one in which a large number of scattered waves mutually reinforce one another. When a beam of x-rays with a wavelength λ strikes a set of crystalline planes at some arbitrary angle, there will usually be no reflected beam because the rays...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.9781627082518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Figure 15 A schematic representation of the use of a large objective aperture for selecting multiple diffracted beams for phase contrast imaging. Figure 18 A schematic representation of STEM implementation in a transmission electron microscope. Electrons scattered at high angles are captured...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...: Ref A.4 as published in Ref A.1 Fig. A.28 Typical diffraction pattern. Source: Ref A.4 as published in Ref A.1 Fig. A.38 Material behavior under stress. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.39 Planar slip. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.40 Tensile test of single crystal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Molecular structure X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) Crystalline polymer component Crystalline structure, short- and long-range ordering, percent crystallinity, polymer blend/copolymer Small-angle x-ray diffraction X-ray scattering at low angle Crystallite size and shape, long-range periodicity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... subsequently. 1.5 MHz Examination Frequency Single- versus Dual-Element Angle-Beam Search Units Scanning Techniques Analysis Training As intergranular SCC progressed in BWR piping systems, estimation of the height of progression through the pipe wall became important so that an informed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... is called the powder diffraction method. In a diffractometer, a monochromatic (single wavelength) beam of x-rays is focused on the surface of a powder sample pressed on a ground glass sample holder, and the diffracted beam is received by a detector that measures its intensity. The angle of incidence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... , and A. Vogels B.P. , Use of Voigt Function in a Single-Line Method for the Analysis of X-Ray Diffraction Line Broadening , J. Appl. Crystallogr. , Vol 15 , 1982 , p 308 – 314 10.1107/S0021889882012035 5.24 Ghelichi R. and Bagherifard S. , Microstructural Characterization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... between two pearlite colonies. Specimen etched for 10 s in 2% nital followed by 20 s in 4% picral. 4,000× Fig. 6.12 An electron diffraction pattern of body-centered cubic iron taken from a region in a thin foil representing a single grain. Large white spot is the primary beam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... of Martensitic Carbon Steel by Electron Microscopy and Diffraction , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 14A , 1983 , p 1025 – 1031 10.1007/BF02670441 17.21 Krauss G. , Tempering and Structural Change in Ferrous Martensitic Structures , Phase Transformations in Ferrous Alloys , Marder A.R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., the light from any specific point of the field (sample) is parallel in the infinity space. Accessories such as beam splitters are inserted into the infinity space area. Figure 8 A high N.A. has a short working distance and wide cone angle. A low NA has a long working distance and narrow cone angle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...-ray diffraction can also be used for the establishment of the loci of phase boundaries. For instance, in a two-component system, lattice parameters can vary with composition within a single-phase region but are invariant in a two-phase region. Additionally, with measurement of precision lattice...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
.... and Sargent K.R. , Systematic Microstructural Changes Peculiar to Fatigue Deformation , Acta Metall. , Vol 11 , 1963 , p 643 – 652 10.1016/0001-6160(63)90002-6 10.11 Howie A. and Whelan M.J. , Diffraction Contrast of Electron Microscope Images of Crystal Lattice Defects , Proc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... in Steel , Metall. Trans. , Vol 2 , 1971 , p 2395 – 2407 10.1007/BF02814877 5.30 Bokros J.C. and Porter E.R. , The Mechanism of the Martensite Burst Transformation in Fe-Ni Single Crystals , Acta Metall. , Vol 11 , 1963 , p 1291 – 1301 10.1016/0001-6160(63)90024-5 5.31...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Glass and ceramics 1–2.25 MHz Welds 1–10 MHz Fatigue cracks Source: Ref 1 Acoustic Impedance Angle of Incidence Critical Angles Absorption Scattering Diffraction Near-Field and Far-Field Effects Beam Spreading Advantages Disadvantages Applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... ( 1963 ). Martensitic transformation and plastic deformation in iron alloy single crystals . Acta Metall . 11 , 547 – 559 . 10.1016/0001-6160(63)90089-0 Brofman P. J. and Ansell G. S. ( 1978 ). On the effect of carbon on the stacking fault energy of austenitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... is a multidisciplinary activity. The approach to failure analysis and the methodology adopted are often governed by the expertise of the analyst. Because a single analyst may not be equipped with knowledge in various disciplines such as metallurgy, materials science, structural mechanics, corrosion engineering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... wavelengths by diffraction (similar to separating light into its component wavelengths by passing through a prism). An electronic counter is scanned over the angular range of the spectrometer, and a plot constructed of x-ray intensity versus wavelength (wavelength is calculated from the angle...