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silicon steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of selected continuous cooling transformation diagrams for carbon steels; Mn steels; Mn-Mo, Mn-Ce, Mn-Ni-Mo, and Mn-Ni-CrMo steels; silicon steels; nickel steels; Ni-Cr-Mo steels; and chromium steels. Reference 1. From Atlas of Continuous Cooling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and phosphorus irons, low-carbon and silicon steels, ferritic stainless steels, and nickel-iron and iron-cobalt alloys. alloying magnetically soft iron alloys ferromagnetic properties Composition References 1. Dietrich D.W. , Magnetically Soft Materials , Properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., free-machining carbon steels, low-alloy manganese steels, low-alloy molybdenum steels, low-alloy chromium-molybdenum steels, low-alloy nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels, low-alloy nickel-molybdenum steels, low-alloy chromium steels, and low-alloy silicon-manganese steels. The chapter provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... , The Bainite Transformation in a Silicon Steel , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 10A , 1979 , p 895 – 907 10.1007/BF02658309 14.25 Grassl K.J. , “ The Effect of Microstructure Type and Load Rate on the Toughness of Forging Steels ,” M.S. thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 1989 14.26...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... and carbon dioxide, providing oxygen that reacts with alloying elements, particularly manganese, chromium, and silicon. It examines the composition and distribution of oxides produced in different steels and assesses the resulting composition gradients. It describes how these changes influence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of graphite. Graphite is a more stable carbon-rich phase than cementite. Graphite formation is promoted by a higher carbon content and the presence of large amounts of certain alloying additions, in particular silicon. Therefore, graphite is an important phase in cast irons but is rarely found in steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix provides a list of etch compositions and procedures that reveal the macrostructure of aluminum, beryllium, bismuth, antimony, cobalt, copper, lead, magnesium, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc, and their respective alloys as well as iron, steel, noble metals, refractory metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... coatings, and boronizing. surface hardening steel pack carburizing liquid carburizing gas carburizing vacuum carburizing plasma carburizing gas nitriding liquid nitriding carbonitriding hardfacing flame hardening induction hardening aluminizing siliconizing chromizing titanium carbide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... of being insulators at frequencies below 8 MHz. At extremely high temperatures and high frequencies, these materials can be induction heated, but they first must be brought to these temperatures. Materials for flux concentrators are of two basic types: (1) packages of laminated silicon steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... The latter can be accomplished by shrouding the melt surface with inert gas, as described in the SPALL process. Manganese must be kept low, which calls for using stainless steel scrap only sparingly, if at all. Silicon must also be controlled carefully. Silicon, in addition to its effect on oxygen content...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... of Silicon-Free TRIPAssisted Cold-Rolled and Galvanized Steels , 41st MWSP Conference Proceeedings, ISS, Vol XXXVII , 1999 , p 89 – 99 12.41 Hayami S. and Furakawa T. , A Family of High-Strength, Cold-Rolled Steels , MicroAlloying 75 , Union Carbide Corp. , New York , 1977 , p 311...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of selected alloying elements such as manganese, silicon, chromium, nickel, sulfur, molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, and tungsten as well as other alloy/impurity elements that impart specific properties. The many varieties of steels cover a wide range of applications and product forms. Examples of steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... in Ref 24 . Siliconizing, the diffusion of silicon into steel, occurs similarly to aluminizing. There are pack and retort processes in which parts are subjected to gas atmospheres that react with the heated part surface to produce nascent silicon that diffuses into the substrate to be coated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... in the BCC matrix. These carbides or carbonitrides are usually formed in the solid state and are sufficiently small as to not be visible with optical microscopy techniques. Other chemical compositions, such as high-silicon steels for electrical applications, as discussed in Chapter 12 , also have a fully...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in alloy steels, and it has captured the most attention in research studies. Manganese and silicon also increase the susceptibility to embrittlement. Although alloy steels are ferritic in the tempered condition, fracture below the DBTT occurs along prior-austenite grain boundaries where both alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... , Metallographic Atlas , Materials Education Council (MEC), Pennsylvania State University, 1991 19. Landgraf F. , Private communication, 2007 20. Matsuo M. , Texture Control in the Production of Grain Oriented Silicon Steels , ISIJ Int. , Vol 29 ( No. 10 ), 1989 , p 809 – 27...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... will be tried, but probably 95% of all surface grinding of tool steels and alloy steels is performed with aluminum oxide rather than silicon carbide. Fig. 10.1 Relative removal rate of 220-grit abrasive papers versus white oak Garnet and zirconia have limited availability as fixed abrasives...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to heating or cooling across the critical temperatures. Steels are essentially alloys of iron and carbon with carbon ranging from a few hundredths of a percent to more than 1%. They also contain other elements, known as inherent impurities, such as silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... The abrasion and wear resistance of steel is increased by additions of such elements as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and tungsten. Cast iron engine parts have long been made more wear resistant by alloying with silicon. Silicon additions also increase wear resistance of aluminum alloys. High-alloy white irons...