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silicon oxides

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...; this shows that the NH 4 OH chemistry reduces the removal rate of silicon dioxide and thus improves selectivity of copper over silicon oxide. [37] Figure 15 M4 copper fill metal is dark because it is floating. Cu M7 and M6 were removed then the (20 x 10um) opening in ILD6 was made with a silane...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... –1 Iron 26 0 Manganese 25 1 Chromium 24 1 Vanadium 23 6 Titanium 22 –36 Silicon 14 7 Aluminum 13 14 Source: Ref 13 Abstract Abstract Gas carburizing is known to promote internal oxidation in steel which can adversely affect certain properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... infiltration and pyrolysis, chemical vapor infiltration, directed metal oxidation, and liquid silicon infiltration. ceramic matrix composites chemical vapor infiltration directed metal oxidation liquid silicon infiltration polymer infiltration and pyrolysis slurry infiltration MONOLITHIC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... by describing the composition and friction and wear behaviors of aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, and zirconia. It then compares and contrasts the microstructure, properties, and relative merits of cermets with those of cemented carbides. References References 10.1. Myoshi K...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Nickel and nickel alloys have an excellent combination of corrosion, oxidation, and heat resistance, combined with good mechanical properties. Nickel alloys can be divided into alloys that combine corrosion and heat resistance, superalloys for high-temperature applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... earth metals, rhenium, rhodium, selenium, tellurium, silicon, silver, tantalum, tin, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, and zinc, as well as carbides, oxides, and nitrides. carbides etchants metals microstructure oxides Etchants for Aluminum and Alloys Etchants for Antimony and Bismuth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... corrosion characteristics of aluminum metal-matrix composites (MMCs), including composites formed with boron, graphite, silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, and mica. It also discusses the effect of stress-corrosion cracking on graphite-aluminum composites and the use of protective coatings and design criteria...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... variation in polysilicon is a result of random crystallographic orientation of grains of silicon, with respect to the incident electron beam. No crystalline diffraction effects are noted within silicon-oxide and silicon-nitride because they are amorphous. Such amorphous layers display contrast based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... to what happens at a somewhat higher temperature in conventional stainless steel technology. During refining (oxygen blowing), silicon becomes oxidized and enters the oxide slag phase of the slag/steel equilibrium, whereas chromium predominantly remains unoxidized in the steel phase. Any chromium that has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... it stands up to more probing. Figure 79 Illustration showing an AFM tip on n-type silicon. A positive bias on the tip (left) causes accumulation of elections in the silicon at the silicon/oxide interface. The capacitance value is the value of the grown oxide layer. A negative bias on the probe tip...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... metal layers. The top most metal layer is usually covered by a passivation layer that consists of Silicon Oxide (SiO 2 ) and/or Silicon Nitride (Si 3 N 4 ). The vertical-interconnect-accesses (VIAs) and contacts are typically made of Tungsten (W) known as Tungsten plug. Fig. 3 shows an example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...-silicon electric steel processing. The development of vacuum oxygen decarburization (VOD) and argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) processes, favoring carbon over chromium or silicon oxidation because of the low effective CO pressure, was the main reason for the change. This also has made possible...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of low atomic number, in a foreign particle on an integrated circuit. Note also the ability to distinguish between elemental silicon and silicon oxide due to bonding effects on Auger energies. (a) Secondary electron image of particle. (b–e) Auger maps showing locations of silicon oxide, elemental silicon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...) in a utility boiler Constituent Content, wt% Si as silicon oxide 7.8 Al as aluminum oxide 2.0 V as vanadium pentoxide 36.37 S as sulfuric anhydride 32.80 Ni as nickel oxide 2.16 Na as sodium oxide 5.12 Mg as magnesium oxide 2.35 P as phosphate anhydride 0.5 Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... The steelmaking process produces low levels of silicon and aluminum in all steels, and boron is sometimes an additive. The oxides, nitrides, and sulfides formed by all of the reactive elements in steel are generally present as small particles called inclusions . These inclusions are usually present at very small...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of inert controlled atmosphere. In this case, as shown, both silicon oxidation and decarburization can happen in the region very close to the part surface. Fig. 17.92 Schematic representation of the solidification in a gray cast iron and in a ductile cast iron. Whereas the first solidifies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... the metal dusting resistance of the alloy in Ni-Cr-Fe alloys. Source: Ref 94 Fig. 5.63 Mass gain (hatched data) due to coke deposits and metal loss of specimen (solid data) due to metal dusting as well as mass gain of specimen (solid data) due to possible oxidation/carburization after exposure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... alloying. Most alloying elements used in aluminum castings, such as copper, silicon, manganese, zinc, nickel, chromium, and titanium, are not readily lost by oxidation, evaporation, or precipitation. Alloying elements that melt at temperatures higher than the melting temperature of aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...-matrix composites chemical vapor infiltration directed metal oxidation hot pressing liquid silicon infiltration polymer infiltration reaction bonding sol-gel techniques MONOLITHIC CERAMIC MATERIALS contain many desirable properties, such as high moduli, high compression strengths, high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Dusting Effect of Silicon, Aluminum, and Molybdenum Effect of Rare Earth Additions Effect of Chromium The oxidation of a clean metal surface on exposure to an oxidizing environment will initially lead to all the nonnoble components of the alloy being oxidized together, forming mixed oxides...