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shock-resisting steels

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... primary types, including high-speed and shock-resisting steels, and their associated subtype groups (W, L, S, O, A, D, H, M, and T series). It also discusses the types of carbides found in tool steels and their influence on mechanical properties. The chapter concludes with a discussion on heat treatment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract There is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) classification of tool steels includes seven major categories: water-hardening tool steels, shock-resisting tool steels, cold work tool steels, hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the following way: Cold-worked tool steels Unalloyed and low-alloyed (water- and oil-hardening, shock-resistant) cold-worked tool steels: W-, S-, O-, L-, as well as 6F-type Medium- and high-alloy (air-hardening, high-carbon, and high-chromium) cold-worked tool steels: A-, D- (including powder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 1454–1553 None None None Single Shock-resisting S2 845–900 1553–1652 None None None Single Die steels for cold working O2 A2 D2 760–800 925–980 980–1025 1400–1472 1697–1796 1796–1877 57 57 58–59 260 454 482 500 850 900 Single Double Double Die steels for hot working H13 H21...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... high-speed, water-hardening, shock-resistant, and hot and cold work tool steels. It discusses the influence of alloy design on the evolution of microstructure and properties during solidification, heat treating, and hardening operations. It also describes critical phase transformations and the effects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... (a) … … … … … … … … Shock-resisting tool steels S1 T41901 0.50 … … 1.50 … 2.50 … … … S5 T41905 0.55 0.80 2.00 … … … 0.40 … … Oil-hardening cold-work tool steels O1 T31501 0.90 1.00 … 0.50 … 0.50 … … … O2 T31502 0.90 1.60 … … … … … … … Air-hardening medium-alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... presented in Paris in 1903, Léon Guillet reported that a metallurgist named Choubly had used vanadium additions to boost the resistance of carbon steels to shock, and to increase their strength. Henry Ford, who is credited with the development of vanadium alloy steels in the United States, first learned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... impart different combinations of wear resistance, thermal shock resistance, and toughness, and they allow tools to be tailored for a wide range of machining applications. The newer cermets are used in semifinishing and finishing of carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, ductile irons, free-machining...
Book Chapter

By Soumya Subramonian
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
.... , Light Metal in High Speed Stamping Tools , Key Eng. Mater. , Vol 473 , 2011 , p 259 – 266 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.473.259 1.11 Miles R. , Combating Snapthrough , Met. Form. Mag. , March 2004 1.12 Wonsetler R. and White M. , “The Use of Hydraulic Shock...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...</xref>] Table 21.1 AISI classification and composition of tool steels [ Krauss et al., 1998 ] Group Identifying symbol Water-hardening tool steels W Shock-resisting tool steels S Oil-hardening cool work tool steels O Air-hardening, medium-alloy cold work tool steel A High-carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... the effect of the thermal expansion coefficient (α) and the heat-transfer coefficient ( h ) in thermal shock resistance (Δ T ) for a hypothetical steel with 800 MPa (~120 ksi) tensile strength, bi-axial constraint, and thermophysical properties constant with temperature. Three cases were analyzed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., but many years of testing shock resisting and hot-worked steels confirms that some of these steels can have a hardness of 50 HRC, but only have the abrasion resistance of a soft alloy steel. The pressure velocity (PV) limit is a term that originated in plastic bushing tribology, but the concept...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steel containing 0.1 wt% C will have a tough core, its surface hardness will be low after hardening. On the other hand, a high-carbon steel containing 0.8 wt% C will have a high surface hardness after hardening, but the core will not be tough and shock resistant. There are two approaches to this problem...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... Disks are quickly replaced. The shock-absorbing characteristics can be readily altered by the quantity of disks. The spring shown in Fig. 6.26 replaces one of metal. The advantage is that the filament-wound spring is elastic and returns to shape after many load cycles. The steel spring relaxes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Poor to medium Excellent … Thermal expansion Medium to high Low to medium Very high Thermal conductivity Medium to high Medium, but often decreases rapidly with temperature Very low Thermal shock resistance Good Generally poor … Electrical characteristics Conductors Insulators...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... not requiring great hot strength, must resist oxidation. The catalyst itself is supported by a ceramic and ferritic stainless steel carrier that must resist thermal shock and possess low heat capacity for rapid heating. Exotic alloys of 20% Cr with 5% Al are used for the carriers. The housing is generally made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Cladding , Proceedings of the Third International Conference on High Speed Forming—ICHSF , March 11–12, 2008 ( Dortmund, Germany ), p 23 – 32 11.19 Kosing O.E. and Skews B.W. , “ The Use of Liquid Shock Waves for Metal Forming ,” 21st International Symposium on Shock Waves , July 20...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... or cavities encounter a high-pressure zone, they collapse and cause explosive shocks to the surface. These surface shocks cause localized deformation and pitting. Cavitation pits eventually link up and cause a general roughening of the surface and material removal (i.e., erosion). It should be noted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... be tempered by a localized decrease in the fracture toughness at the microscale. Increases in thermal conductivity, combined with toughening mechanisms that resist the coalescence of thermal shock-induced cracks into critical flaws, result in enhanced thermal shock resistance relative to the monolithic...