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sheet steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the formability and forming characteristics of low-carbon sheet steels, coated sheet steels, stainless steels, and aluminum and magnesium alloys. It provides property data as well as flow stress curves for numerous grades of each material and explains...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
...Abstract Abstract This appendix contains flow stress data (in the form of flow curves) obtained by viscous pressure bulge tests conducted on various grades of sheet steel as well as aluminum and magnesium alloys. automotive sheet steels flow stress curves viscous pressure bulge test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
..., progressive die sequencing, blank holder force optimization, sheet hydroforming, hot stamping, and springback and bending of advanced high-strength steels. It also discusses the factors that affect the accuracy of finite element simulations such as springback, thickness variations, and nonisothermal effects...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... transformation-induced plasticity steel twinning-induced plasticity steel General Considerations Low-Carbon Steel—Hot-Rolled Ferrite-Pearlite Microstructures Low-Carbon Steel—Processing by Cold Rolling and Annealing Processing of Cold-Rolled and Annealed Sheet Steels for High Formability...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... deformation processes involved in sheet-forming techniques, namely stretch forming and deep drawing. In addition, it provides information on some of the factors pertinent to cold-heading and hot forming of stainless long products. deformation strain hardening anisotropy sheet forming stainless steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.9781627082655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Properties on Formability The properties of sheet metals vary considerably, depending on the base metal (steel, aluminum, copper, and so on), alloying elements present, processing, heat treatment, gage, and level of cold work. In selecting material for a particular application, a compromise usually must...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as engineering materials. Applications for plain carbon steel are countless, with product forms consisting of sheet, strip, plate, bar, wire, and tubular products. Plain carbon steels are members of the family of ferrous alloys ( Fig. 19.1 ), which also includes alloy steels, stainless steels, tool steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... that the carbon content (in hundredths of a percent) is to be inserted. Generic ASTM specifications Table 17.7 Generic ASTM specifications Specification Material A6 Rolled steel structural plate, shapes, sheet piling, and bars, generic A20 Steel plate for pressure vessels, generic A29...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... strength-elongation space. Source: Ref 7.2 Fig. 7.3 Cooling schedule in the production of the TRIP sheet. Source: Ref 7.5 Fig. 7.4 Time-temperature schedule for the production of hot rolled TRIP and dual-phase (DP) steels. Source: Ref 7.6 Fig. 7.1 Microstructure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... temperature. The hot rolled product then is pickled to remove scale. Further rolling is done cold to ensure good surface finish and optimal mechanical properties. The cold rolled steel sheet almost always is sold in an annealed state. Annealing is done in a controlled atmosphere after cold rolling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... coatings, one needs only to consider the types of precoated sheet steel for automotive body and chassis parts ( Table 5 ). These coatings can be applied to either one side or both sides of the part. Coatings for automotive sheet steels Table 5 Coatings for automotive sheet steels Steel coating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...) An important alloying element in nitrided steels and deep-drawing sheet steels. Added to increase strength and hardness of steel by grain-size control (grain refinement). A common deoxidizer. Forms undesirable alumina inclusions (aluminum oxides). A strong nitride former. Does not form a carbide in steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... in differential interference contrast (Nomarski). Note the formation of “epitaxial” ferrite (see arrows) surrounding the martensitic areas. 4% picral etch. 500× Fig. 3.11 Microstructure of a cold-rolled, low-carbon steel sheet. Cold-worked (a) 30%, (b) 50%, (c) 70%, and (d) 90%. Marshall’s etch. 500...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... the cause of springback and explains how to predict and compensating for its effects. advanced high-strength steel automotive sheet steels bending flanging flow stress springback stretching INCREASED REQUIREMENTS for vehicle safety and weight reduction in automotive design led...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... on springback of steel. Source: Ref 12.3 Fig. 12.11 Effect of draw bead penetration, tool gap, and die radius on curl radius of steel. Source: Ref 12.2 Fig. 12.12 Split rings measuring springback for three metals. Source: Ref 12.5 Fig. 12.14 Sheet metal forming system showing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
...-free 310 45 179 26 45 2.0 0.23 44 Source: Ref 13 Fig. 20 Principal components of a mechanical press brake. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 24 Forming limit diagram for aluminum-killed steel sheet. Adapted from Ref 14 Fig. 21 Dies and punches most commonly used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... are sheet width, inductor length, workpiece resistivity, and sheet thickness, respectively. The accuracy of this equation was confirmed in a series of low-carbon steel annealing trials using an inductor with an R c equal to 2.125 Ω. Using an average value of ρ over the temperature range through which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and coarse cementite in fragmented aligned pieces. Heat-treated at a 660 °C (1220 °F), hardness: 55 HRB. Etchant: nital 2%. Fig. 12.25 Annealed sheet of steel (C = 0.05%, Mn = 0.30%). Polygonal ferritic grains and coarse cementite in fragmented aligned pieces. Ferrite grain size = 11.0 ASTM...