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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter describes an investigation that was conducted to determine why quill shafts were failing prematurely in gear boxes on aircraft engines. The investigation focused on the splines in a splined bore. Visual examination showed that the splines were heavily worn and covered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract The quill shaft in an aircraft engine was found in two pieces following a flameout. One piece was short, straight, and otherwise undamaged; the other piece was bent in several places as was the sleeve that covered it. The facture surface, as viewed under optical and scanning electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A cardon shaft operating in an aircraft engine failed and was taken out and analyzed to determine the cause. A photograph of the broken shaft in the as-received condition shows the location and orientation of the fracture. The fracture surface appeared smooth, indicating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract Induction heat treating is used in a wide range of applications. Typical uses, as described in this chapter, include the surface hardening of many types of shafts as well as gears and sprockets and the through-hardening of gripping teeth, cutting edges, and impact zones incorporated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract An aircraft fuel pump failed just after takeoff, resulting in engine flameout. Investigators discovered that one of the seven pistons broke into several pieces, causing the quill shaft to fracture. An examination of the fracture surfaces revealed severe rubbing on the quill shaft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... that can be wound, from the simple to the highly complex, with insight into the limitations, advantages, and challenges of each. Components covered include classic axisymmetric parts (rings, pipes, driveshafts, pipe reducers, tapered shafts, closed-end pressure vessels, and storage tanks), nonround...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... the current technology was derived. The discussion covers quality control requirements for composite fabrication technology and cleanliness standards in the workplace. It describes technology developed for specific components, including satellites struts, aircraft hydraulic cylinders, drill pipe, drive shafts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... are also provided. The cases covered are grinding cracks on steel cam shaft and transgranular and intergranular crack path in commercial steels. tempering steel mechanical test temper embrittlement hydrogen embrittlement liquid-metal embrittlement isothermal heat treatment grinding cracks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A driven gear in the gear box of an aircraft engine fractured after a 40 h test run. The driving gear and gear shaft were also damaged. Based on the results of fractography, chemical analysis, metallography, and hardness testing, the fracture was caused by a fatigue crack initiating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract The design requirements for mechanical shafts, pinions, and gears often call for features with very hard surfaces (to resist wear) based on a softer core (to avoid brittle fracture). This chapter explains how to selectively harden steel by diffusing carbon and nitrogen atoms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., which are simplified models of complex stress systems. Free-body diagrams of shafts in the pure types of loading (tension, torsion, and compression) are the simplest; they then can be related to more complex types of loading. This chapter discusses the principles of these simplest loading systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Abstract Abstract Combustion turbines consist of a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine. As commonly configured, the compressor and turbine mount on a single shaft that connects directly to a generator. This chapter reviews the materials of construction, damage mechanisms, and life-assessment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... smear lines that may resemble striations. This kind of damage also may occur when opposite sides of the fatigue fracture rub against each other during compression or shear loading of a crack. For example, a shaft in rotating bending has a tensile stress at one position (convex side) of the rotating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of the engine, several components of the turbine disc and fixtures had fractured or damaged. The following damaged components were received for investigation: disc spinning drive shaft with seal carrier and splined coupling (1 No.), dummy blade roots of LPT disc (72 Nos.), LPT blade retaining plates (23 Nos...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... hold replaceable die segments with appropriate impressions, make one revolution while the workpiece rotates several times in the opposite direction. Thus, the transverse rolling method can form axially symmetrical shafts with complex geometry in one operation. As an example, a forging produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... as assembly errors, abnormal operating conditions, and inadequate maintenance. It also describes the precise usage of terms such as defect, flaw, imperfection, and discontinuity. failure analysis hip implants I beams manufacturing defects piston heads porcelain insulators quill shafts shaft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... and mechanical press is the drive mechanism (see Fig. 9.2 ). A mechanical press drive consists of an electric motor, a flywheel, a clutch/brake, a drive shaft, a connection (also called a pitman arm or connecting rod), and a slide (ram) guided by the gibs ( Fig. 10.1 ). Depending on the design, a press may have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... been gradually applied to the automotive industry as a fabrication method for heat exchangers, torque sensors for steering shafts, and electrically conductive tracks. Generally, numerous automotive components are exposed to harsh environments during operation. Thermal spraying has been...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... are three-dimensional. For instance, in a shaft we can think of residual stresses in the longitudinal, circumferential (also called tangential or hoop), and radial directions. In a flat surface, such as in a sheet or plate, they are in the longitudinal, transverse, and thickness directions. In most cases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... pressure, will cause microscopic distortion of the surface structure, thereby cutting a softer metal. The cutting action will remove small distorted fragments, or “chips,” of the softer metal. Fig. 2 shows a microscopic region of abrasive wear on a relatively soft, low-carbon-steel shaft bearing...