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scanning electron microscopy

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... at low magnification one can increase the working distance which will produce a lower beam deflection angle for a given magnification. Figure 11 Pincushion distortion in a low magnification SEM image. Sample Charging One of the greatest challenges in scanning electron microscopy is how...
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 5.15 (a) Focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy image of aluminum particle dissected using Ga + ions. (b, c) Secondary electron micrographs of aluminum particles adhering to ceramic (lead-zirconium titanate) surface. Source: Ref 5.39 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.9 Scanning electron microscopy backscattered electrons image of the corrosion products showing initiation of sulfidation attack on the tube, where pitting attack was observed on the tube surface as shown in Fig. 10.8 Chemical compositions of the phases of the corrosion products More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.10 Scanning electron microscopy backscattered electrons image of the corrosion products showing ash deposits and iron oxides with no evidence of sulfidation attack on other area of the tube that did not suffer pitting attack ( Fig. 10.8 ). Chemical compositions of the phases More
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Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 6 Scanning electron microscopy view of the surface of the tensile test fracture in 18% Ni, grade 300 maraging steel, showing a portion of the central zone of the fracture, close to the origin. The surface here is composed of equiaxed dimples of two sizes. The large dimples probably formed More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 10.8 Scanning electron microscopy studies of fatigue-fracture surface by replication. Material: 7075-T6 aluminum alloy; fatigue life, 56,000 cycles. Source: Ref 10.31 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 23 January 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stemsem.9781627082921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-292-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... coatings. The techniques covered are optical microscopy, X-Ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam machining, electron probe microanalysis, transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction. The techniques also include electron channeling contrast imaging, X...
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 13 Alloy 7075-T6 aircraft wing panel (a) showing unusual surface appearance. (b) Cracked anodized coating on the panel surface. Scanning electron microscopy. 160×. (c) Anodized coating flaking away and corrosion deposit under the coating. Scanning electron microscopy. 85× (d) Cross More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... practices, as well as from different polishing times, are presented. Additionally, the article discusses the factors in optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy that affect microstructure interpretation. air plasma spraying artifacts metallographic preparation microstructure optical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article covers common techniques for surface characterization, including the modern scanning electron microscopy and methods for the chemical characterization of surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and time-of-flight secondary ion mass...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract One of the rotor bearings in an electric motor failed, producing excessive vibrate. The bearing was removed and disassembled, revealing craters and bruises on the inner ring raceway and balls along with evidence of melting and burning of metal. Scanning electron microscopy revealed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract This chapter describes some of the most effective tools for investigating boiler tube failures, including scanning electron microscopy, optical emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron...
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Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 30 Fans. (a) Examples of fans in a two-stage transmission electron microscopy replica of a cleavage fracture surface of iron. The river lines point back to the crack initiation site. (b) Fans on a scanning electron microscopy image. Source: Ref 14 , 15 More
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 2-6(b) Microstructures showing primary ferrite and pearlite in hypoeutectoid steels cooled slowly from austenite. In optical microscopy, the primary ferrite appears white, but in scanning electron microscopy, it appears dark. More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 22 Filiform corrosion of PVC-coated aluminum foil. (a) Advancing head and cracked tail section of a filiform cell. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), 80×. (b) The gelatinous corrosion products of aluminum oozing out of the porous end tail section of a filiform cell. SEM. 830×. (c) Tail More
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Published: 01 December 1996
. In optical microscopy, at low magnification (a), the carbide plates appear as black lines. In scanning electron microscopy (b), the carbide plates appear white at high magnification. More
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Published: 01 December 2016
Fig. 1.3 Endogenous dendrite grains of αAl solid solution. (a) Dendrite grains and visible dendrite axis: primary and those of next orders. (b) Morphology of the dendrite branches. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 27 Surface fracture spring. The dotted arrow shows the fatigue crack nucleus, and the dashed arrow shows the fatigue-to-brittle fracture transition. The solid arrow shows the surface analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Original magnification: 6× More
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Published: 01 December 2016
Fig. 3.3 Microstructure of alloy AlSi7Mg, sand mold, wall thickness 3 cm. (a–e) Silicon in the interdendritic eutectic. (f) Enlarged microregion visible in (e), showing silicon lamellae in the interdendritic eutectic. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), deep etch More