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sand casting

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the advantages, limitations, and applications of various aluminum casting processes, namely green sand casting process, air set or no-bake molding process, vacuum molding process, evaporative foam casting process, and die casting process. The processes covered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
...; the typical tensile properties of die cast alloys; and the designations of different heat treatments and their description. The tables also list the temperatures and times of typical heat treatment cycles for different permanent mold cast alloys; typical components in sand, gravity, and low-pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., gravity, micro, and inverse. The chapter also provides information on grain refinement and secondary dendrite arm spacing and porosity and shrinkage in castings. It concludes with a brief overview of six of the most important casting processes in industries: sand casting, plaster mold casting, evaporative...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Fig. 3.1 Range of aluminum casting processes using sand and metal molds Fig. 3.2 Additional casting processes Fig. 3.3 Variation of SDAS with wall thicknesses in different processes. Reprinted with permission from Ref 1 Fig. 3.4 Photomicrograph of average DAS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... melting, electron beam hearth melting, rammed graphite mold casting, sand casting, investment casting, hot isostatic pressing, weld repair, and heat treatment -- along with related equipment, process challenges, and achievable properties and microstructures. It also explains how titanium parts are...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., crucible, and vacuum melting, and common casting techniques such as sand casting, plaster and shell casting, evaporative pattern casting, investment casting, permanent mold casting, cold and hot chamber die casting, squeeze casting, semisolid metal processing, and centrifugal casting. casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Abstract This chapter is an atlas of microstructures observed in AlSi7Mg, AlSi11, and Al21CuNiMg modified with either eutectic (strontium, sodium) or hypereutectic (phosphorus) silicon crystals. The microstructure images reveal the as-cast state of gravity castings made in sand and metal molds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Solidification , AFS Trans. , Vol 106 , 1998 • Fundamental Molding Sand Technology , American Foundry-men’s Society , 1973 • Hebeisen J.C. , HIP Casting Densification , ASME , 1999 • Herman E.A. , Die Casting Handbook , Society of Die Casting Engineers , 1982...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... developed, and more complex molds of sand and clay mixtures evolved. These methods were duplicated later for other metals including iron and steel. The relatively attractive engineering properties of aluminum—low melting point and castability—quickly led to the adoption of existing casting processes and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... casting Transmission valves Transmission housings Transmission valve Complex shapes using sand cores Sand cores enable castings with undercuts, pockets, profiled air and fluid passages Intake manifolds Cylinder heads Table 1.1 Aluminum advantages and applications Advantages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... nominal compositions and composition limits of aluminum alloys in commercial use today are presented in Table 2.1 . Table 2.1 Nominal composition and composition limits of aluminum alloy castings Based on industry handbooks, notably Aluminum Association Standards for Sand and Permanent Mold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... and composition limits of aluminum alloys in commercial use today are presented in Table 2.1 . Table 2.1 Nominal composition and composition limits of aluminum alloy castings Based on industry handbooks, notably Aluminum Association Standards for Sand and Permanent Mold Castings , and the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... on the component surface. (a) Schematic drawing. (b) Shrinkage cavity compensated for riser In order to better understand shrinkage, an example is given of the production of a cast iron component with two kinds of molds: a nonstiff mold with synthetic sand (green) and a stiff mold with...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-graphite mold as just described. Pattern making and investment-cast mold techniques are similar to those used with superalloy technology. Although rammed-graphite molds are different from investment molds, they are similar to conventional sand molds. Cores are used to cast hollow parts. Porosity continues...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... gray areas were austenite during solidification but are transformed to pearlite during solid-state cooling. (a) Sand-cast white iron (3.6C-0.41Si-0.46Mn-0.98Cr-0.15P-0.024S) with carbon equivalent of 3.7%. Original magnification: 100×. (b) Micrograph of as-cast white iron (Fe-3.0C-2.7Si-0.45Mn-0.07P...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... performance testing were the basis for continuous new alloy developments and refinements in composition control. The development of permanent mold and pressure die casting as alternatives to sand casting encouraged the development of new alloys suited not just to application requirements but also to the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
.... , North American Die Casting Association (NADCA) , 2003 8. “ Product Design for Die Casting in Recyclable Aluminum, Magnesium, Zinc, and ZA Alloys ,” Die Casting Development Council , 1996 9. “ The NFFS Guide to Aluminum Casting Design: Sand and Permanent Mold ,” Non-Ferrous Founders Society...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Abstract This chapter serves as a study and guide on the main phase constituents of cast aluminum-silicon alloys, alpha-Al solid solution and Si crystals. The first section focuses on the structure of Al-Si castings in the as-cast state, covering the morphology of the alpha-Al solid solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... process control. Manufacturing cells can be engineered for low- as well as high-volume production. Capital costs are the lowest among all of the high-integrity processes. Complex castings can be produced using expendable sand cores. When sand cores are used, the process is called semi-permanent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., actually becoming intimately mixed with the sand in the mold. In iron castings, this is normally the result of the combination of metallostatic head (the pressure exerted on the molten iron at the bottom of the mold by the weight of the metal on top of it) and the surface tension relationship between the...