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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides information on comparative attributes of sand molds and metal molds for aluminum casting. The cooling rates and microstructures obtained with each mold type are discussed. In addition, the chapter explains why sand castings work successfully in certain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., gravity, micro, and inverse. The chapter also provides information on grain refinement and secondary dendrite arm spacing and porosity and shrinkage in castings. It concludes with a brief overview of six of the most important casting processes in industries: sand casting, plaster mold casting, evaporative...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is an atlas of microstructures observed in AlSi7Mg, AlSi11, and Al21CuNiMg modified with either eutectic (strontium, sodium) or hypereutectic (phosphorus) silicon crystals. The microstructure images reveal the as-cast state of gravity castings made in sand...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., cupola, crucible, and vacuum melting, and common casting techniques such as sand casting, plaster and shell casting, evaporative pattern casting, investment casting, permanent mold casting, cold and hot chamber die casting, squeeze casting, semisolid metal processing, and centrifugal casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... for producing titanium parts, and unlike most metals, the properties of cast titanium are on par with those of wrought. This chapter covers titanium melting and casting practices -- including vacuum arc remelting, consumable electrode arc melting, electron beam hearth melting, rammed graphite mold casting, sand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
...Gravity permanent and semipermanent molded parts Table 4.1 Gravity permanent and semipermanent molded parts Markets Gravity permanent molding (GPM) Metal cores & pull backs Semipermanent molds (SPM) Sand cores Automotive Pistons, knuckles, control arms, brake master cylinders...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... castings; the typical tensile properties of die cast alloys; and the designations of different heat treatments and their description. The tables also list the temperatures and times of typical heat treatment cycles for different permanent mold cast alloys; typical components in sand, gravity, and low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Fig. D6.1 213.0-F, permanent mold aluminum casting rotating-beam fatigue curve. Smooth and notched specimens from two lots. Line through data point indicates specimen had nonuniform microstructure. Fig. D6.2 213.0-F, sand cast aluminum casting rotating-beam fatigue curve. Smooth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Fig. D1.1 Room-temperature aging characteristics for aluminum alloy 208.0-F, sand cast Fig. D1.2 Room-temperature aging characteristics for aluminum alloy 213.0-F and -T533, permanent mold Fig. D1.3 Room-temperature aging characteristics for aluminum alloy 242.0-T571...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Timing gear housings Air set sand casting A 356 T6/T7 Speed brakes Investment casting, air set sand casting 354 T6, C 355 T6, and D 357 T6 Fuel tank fittings Semi-permanent mold casting, air set sand casting A 356 T6 Inlet casings Semi-permanent mold casting, air set sand casting C 355...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Fig. 3.1 Typical sand mold gating. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 3.2 Typical permanent mold gating. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 3.3 Typical die casting gating. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 3.4 Typical castings produced by the evaporative pattern casting (EPC) process Fig. 3.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.9781627082808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... threads in die casting Transmission valves Transmission housings Transmission valve Complex shapes using sand cores Sand cores enable castings with undercuts, pockets, profiled air and fluid passages Intake manifolds Cylinder heads Aluminum advantages and applications Table 1.1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.9781627083355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...201.0-T7 Sand castings: creep rupture and creep properties Table D5.1 201.0-T7 Sand castings: creep rupture and creep properties Temperature Time under stress, h Rupture stress Stress at 1.0 % creep Stress at 0.5% creep Stress at 0.2% creep Stress at 0.1% creep °F °C ksi MPa...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... properties for permanent mold castings: ultimate tensile strength, 450 MPa (65.2 ksi); tensile yield strength, 402 MPa (58.3 ksi). Average mechanical properties for sand castings: ultimate tensile strength, 394 MPa (57.1 ksi); tensile yield strength, 372 MPa (53.9 ksi). Average mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...201.0-T7 Sand castings: typical tensile properties Table D4.1 201.0-T7 Sand castings: typical tensile properties At temperature indicated At room temperature after heating Temperature Time at temperature, h Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation in 4 D , % Modulus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... (such as sand, plaster, ceramic, and graphite molding) Casting with reusable (permanent) molds Casting with reusable (permanent) molds with high-pressure metal injection of the metal into the mold (die casting, squeeze casting, and semisolid processing) Casting with expendable sand molds is perhaps...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
..., the product separates the reacting chemicals. Here water is separated from the plaster of paris by the gypsum formed. Source: Ref 8.2 Lime plaster is a mixture of calcium hydroxide and sand (or other inert fillers). Lime is made by heating limestone (calcium carbonate) to above 830 °C (1520 °F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
...Typical applications Table 7.1 Typical applications Structural castings, critical safety High-pressure castings, critical safety Leakproof castings, with or without sand cores Automotive rear knuckles, control arms Brake calipers, brake master cylinders, ABS bodies Engine...