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ruthenium plating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... edge preparation schemes. A very wide range of materials have been coated in this way. For metals, the procedures [ 19 ] [1] used can be categorized as follows: Direct plating . Iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. Galvanic initiation . Copper, silver...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the compositions, properties, and uses of silver, gold, and platinum group metals, including platinum, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium. It describes the role of various alloying elements and explains how they affect physical, mechanical, and electrical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... in Fig. 14.1 and Table 14.2 ( Ref 14.3 ). The addition of 0.2% Pd induces anodic passivation, increasing it by 3 orders of magnitude. Corrosion resistance in this region is also improved by means of anodic protection at the power source or with a more noble metal and by ion plating (physical vapor...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... a significant positive influence on the creep life. Ruthenium has been added to the new generation of single-crystal alloys to suppress dendritic segregation and inhibit topologically close-packed phase (tcp) formation. Lastly, carbon is added for carbide formation, which strengthens grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as polished or plated substrate. The near transparency of beryllium to x-rays and other high-energy electromagnetic radiation is responsible for its widespread use in foil gage as windows in x-ray tubes and radiation-detection devices. While beryllium can be melted and cast, the resulting casting has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... superalloys, and ruthenium is now being added as well. Significant understanding of the roles of precipitate mismatch has been achieved. Modifications of rhenium-containing alloys with and without ruthenium purportedly show further strength improvements over the 3% Re superalloys previously developed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... and coworkers). Etch with this solution followed by Voce's reagent. Produces grain contrast (Gregory and coworkers). Polish chemically, then etch in solution for 4-5 s. Dry and reetch three or four times. Contrast improved at low magnification using polarized light. A sensitive tint plate produces brilliant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-point metals (bismuth, indium, lead, tin, zinc) Reactive metals (hafnium, titanium, and zirconium) Precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium) Rare earth metals Semimetals (also known as metalloids) As this list indicates, some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...-polarizer are crossed at 90 degrees to each other in conjunction with a ¼ wave plate (130 nm) in the light path that is tilted at a 15-degree angle. This wave plate is mounted on the low-magnification objective and is aligned 45 degrees off the polarizer. This type of circular polarizer is effective only...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... 540 and 980 °C (1000 and 1800 °F). Needles or plates often in Widmanstätten form M 2 SC hcp a o = 0.3234–3.386 c o = 11.233–11.834 (Zr,Ti,Nb) 2 SC Observed at high levels of S or low C/S ratios Source: Ref 1 , 2 The morphology of the precipitates is a key factor that determines...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... of etch to charged cloth (Buchheit and coworkers). Use napped cloth (Woods). (Rudy and St. Windisch.) Use twill-jean cloth on glass plate. Saturate cloth with solution and abrasive. Polish 2-3 min. Wash cloth, apply etch only, polish 2-3 min. Wash with warm water, then acetone or alcohol, dry (Schmidt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... and Groenewald 1978 ]. Similarly, small additions of nickel and aluminum help simplify the process control necessary to achieve reproducible age hardening. Elements such as cobalt, iridium, and ruthenium are added as grain-refining agents to casting alloys. Other minor additions, of silicon, zinc, and boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... are equivalent. In a square bar, the planes parallel to the hot-rolling direction are equivalent longitudinal planes. In a rectangular section or in a plate, the planar surface is parallel to the hot-working axis, has the largest surface area, and is the surface in most frequent contact with the mill rolls...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... been for bone plates, screws, intramedullary rods, and hip nails. Partial and total joint replacements for the hip, knee, elbow, jaw, finger, and shoulder are commercially produced from unalloyed titanium and from the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Unalloyed titanium heart valves and titanium mesh mandibular bone...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... 160 33–55 30–50 Source: Ref 5.7 Effect of test direction on mechanical properties of textured Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo plate Table 5.3 Effect of test direction on mechanical properties of textured Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo plate Test direction (a) Tensile strength Yield strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
.... These furnaces are cooled in the same way as bottom-loading units. Fig. 4.2 Vertical top-loading cold-wall vacuum furnace. Source: Ref 1 Horizontal-Loading Furnaces Horizontal-loading furnaces normally consist of a cylindrical shell free of vacuum or gas leaks, with circular convex end plates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... metals such as palladium in Ti-grade 7 (R52400) or ruthenium in Ti-grade 26 (R52404), have been effectively used to reduce crevice and pitting attack and underdeposit corrosion. A list of titanium alloys and their compositions is given in Table 2 . Compositions of commonly used titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0