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ruthenium alloys

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the compositions, properties, and uses of silver, gold, and platinum group metals, including platinum, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium. It describes the role of various alloying elements and explains how they affect physical, mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and electrical resistivity versus alloy content for platinum contacts Platinum-Iridium Alloys Platinum-Ruthenium Alloys Pt-18.4Pd-8.2Ru Table 4 gives properties of palladium metals. Figure 3 shows the effect of alloying elements on palladium. Fig. 3 Hardness and electrical resistivity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... David E. Thomas, Titanium and Its Alloys , ASM International. Cost-optimized titanium-ruthenium and titanium-palladium alpha alloys Table 14.2 Cost-optimized titanium-ruthenium and titanium-palladium alpha alloys Alloy ASTM grade Minimum ASTM strength Approximate cost ratio...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... of the Solidification Behavior of a New Ru-Containing Cast Ni-Base Superalloy with High W Content , Scr. Mater. , Vol 50 , 2004 , p 435 – 439 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.11.009 52. Tryon B. , Feng Q. , and Pollock T. , Intermetallic Phases Formed by Ruthenium-Nickel Alloy Interdiffusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Nickel and Alloys Niobium and Alloys Osmium and Alloys Palladium and Alloys Platinum and Alloys Radioactive Metals and Alloys Rare Earth Metals and Alloys Rhenium and Alloys Rhodium and Alloys Ruthenium and Alloys Selenium, Tellurium, and Alloys Silicon and Alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of the group; palladium ranks second. Platinum Palladium Iridium Rhodium Ruthenium Osmium Mischmetal is an alloy of the cerium group and is the least expensive rare earth in alloy form. Some rare earths can be fabricated cold; all are poor conductors of electricity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... amalgam is a silver-mercury alloy for restoring lost tooth structure. In this application, it is commonly referred to as a silver filling. The platinum group metals include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. All are by-products of copper, gold, and silver refining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... Additions of rhenium have reached 6% in third-generation superalloys, and ruthenium is now being added as well. Significant understanding of the roles of precipitate mismatch has been achieved. Modifications of rhenium-containing alloys with and without ruthenium purportedly show further strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...Abstract Abstract Superalloys, although not strictly defined, are generally regarded as high-performance alloys based on group VIII elements (nickel, cobalt, or iron, with a high percentage of nickel) to which a multiplicity of alloying elements have been added. The defining feature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... behavior of (a) Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo base composition and (b) Ti-6Al-3Sn-4Zr-0.4Mo base composition Alloying elements to improve corrosion resistance include nickel, molybdenum, palladium, and ruthenium. See the section “ Effects of Alloying on Corrosion Behavior ” for additional information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...Abstract Abstract The microstructure of superalloys is highly complex, with a large number of dispersed intermetallics and other phases that modify alloy behavior through their composition, morphology, and distribution. This chapter provides an overview of the most notable phases, including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Ruthenium (Ru) 4.5–11 2.5–6.2 Pure Praseodymium (Pr) 7.1–9.7 3.9–5.4 Beta and near beta titanium 8.3–8.5 4.6–4.7 Pure Rhodium (Rh) 8.3–8.4 4.6–4.7 Pure Vanadium (V) 5.5–11 3.1–6.3 Zirconium alloys 8.4–8.6 4.7–4.8 Pure Titanium (Ti) 8.6–8.7 4.8–4.8 Mischmetal 7.6–9.9...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... with corresponding property and performance data. It also discusses the effect of various alloying elements on pitting, crevice corrosion, sensitization, stress-corrosion cracking, and oxidation resistance. austenitic stainless steel duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel martensitic stainless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Lead alloy anodes should not be buried in the sea bottom or used in freshwater applications. Oxide-metal composite anodes consist of a mixed ruthenium dioxide and titanium oxide coating sintered onto a commercially pure titanium substrate. These meshlike anodes also are used for protecting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Etching characteristics of constituents in aluminum alloys Table 3-1 Etching characteristics of constituents in aluminum alloys Constituent Not etched 25% Fe(NO 3 ) 3 30 s, by swabbing 20% H 2 SO 4 160°F, 30 s, by immersion 25% HNO 3 , 160°F, 40 s, by immersion 0.5% HF 15 s...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter explains how to safely prepare beryllium alloy samples for metallographic analysis. It describes grinding, polishing, and etching procedures in detail. It also discusses the identification of major and minor constituents and the general appearance of beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... 164 194 252 Stocks, producer, year end NA NA NA NA NA Employment, number 4,300 4,200 3,800 3,400 3,400 Note: W, numbers withheld by individual companies; NA, not available Typical physical properties of wrought titanium alloys Table 1.9A Typical physical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... increases regularly with increasing atomic numbers in each subgroup of the periodic table. On alloying, the density of a metal changes, because the mass of the solute atoms differs from that of the solvent, and also because the lattice parameter usually changes on alloying. The parameter change may often...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., caustic, polythionic acid, and high-temperature environments and the correlating effects on austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation hardening stainless steels and nickel-base alloys. It also discusses the contributing effects of sensitization and hydrogen embrittlement and the role...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of niobium. The weakening of niobium by titanium additions has been observed by a number of investigators. McAdam showed that the precious metals osmium, iridium, and ruthenium were effective strengthening elements, but they were not considered for engineering alloys because of the obvious cost...