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ruthenium

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the compositions, properties, and uses of silver, gold, and platinum group metals, including platinum, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium. It describes the role of various alloying elements and explains how they affect physical, mechanical, and electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Ruthenium forms a solid solution with platinum up to 79% Ru. Ruthenium increases the hardness, strength, and wear resistance of platinum, but high ruthenium content makes the alloy brittle. To ensure good fabricability, the ruthenium content should not exceed 15%. Platinum-ruthenium alloys have good...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
.... Tryon B. , Feng Q. , and Pollock T. , Intermetallic Phases Formed by Ruthenium-Nickel Alloy Interdiffusion , Intermetallics , Vol 12 ( No.7/9 ), Special Issue, 2004 , p 957 – 962 10.1016/j.intermet.2004.02.026 53. Tin S. , Zhang L. , Hobbs R.A. , Yeh A.C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of platinum (Pt). Table 14.2 Cost-optimized titanium-ruthenium and titanium-palladium alpha alloys Alloy ASTM grade Minimum ASTM strength Approximate cost ratio (a) Yield strength Ultimate tensile strength MPa ksi MPa ksi Unalloyed Ti 2 275 40 345 50 1.00 Ti-0.15Pd 7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... (as in turbine disks), advancements still can be made. A more crack-growth-resistant nickel-base disk alloy is all but certain; perhaps it is here now, dependent on how you read industry reports. Additions of rhenium have reached 6% in third-generation superalloys, and ruthenium is now being added as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... edge preparation schemes. A very wide range of materials have been coated in this way. For metals, the procedures [ 19 ] [1] used can be categorized as follows: Direct plating . Iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. Galvanic initiation . Copper, silver...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-point metals (bismuth, indium, lead, tin, zinc) Reactive metals (hafnium, titanium, and zirconium) Precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium) Rare earth metals Semimetals (also known as metalloids) As this list indicates, some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... commercial single-crystal (SX) superalloy ( Ref 7 ), which permitted higher creep life and temperature capability than had ever been achieved before. Since then, progress has continued toward the development of alloys containing rhenium and ruthenium and optimized for SX processing. The path of future...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... on the creep behavior of (a) Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo base composition and (b) Ti-6Al-3Sn-4Zr-0.4Mo base composition Alloying elements to improve corrosion resistance include nickel, molybdenum, palladium, and ruthenium. See the section “ Effects of Alloying on Corrosion Behavior ” for additional information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... particles prevent sticking and welding and minimize arc erosion. Dental amalgam is a silver-mercury alloy for restoring lost tooth structure. In this application, it is commonly referred to as a silver filling. The platinum group metals include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 20.53 0.17 0.0329 6.6 19.1 Rhodium 1966 3727 12.4 0.20 0.0582 8.5 4.7 Rubidium 38.9 688 1.532 0.139 0.0860 90 12.5 Ruthenium 2310 4080 12.30 0.280 0.0569 9.6 7.3 Samarium 1072 1794 7.537 0.032 0.0469 … 105.0 Scandium 1539 2832 2.989 0.038 0.117...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Technetium (Tc) 7.2–7.3 4.0–4.1 Pure Niobium (Nb) 5.1–9.6 2.8–5.3 Pure Ruthenium (Ru) 4.5–11 2.5–6.2 Pure Praseodymium (Pr) 7.1–9.7 3.9–5.4 Beta and near beta titanium 8.3–8.5 4.6–4.7 Pure Rhodium (Rh) 8.3–8.4 4.6–4.7 Pure Vanadium (V) 5.5–11 3.1–6.3 Zirconium alloys 8.4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in freshwater applications. Oxide-metal composite anodes consist of a mixed ruthenium dioxide and titanium oxide coating sintered onto a commercially pure titanium substrate. These meshlike anodes also are used for protecting reinforcing steel in concrete. One of the more serious problems associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... [1950] Platinum 20 20 wt% second phase as eutectic network Kaufmann et al. [1950] Rhodium 10 Second phase as eutectic network Kaufmann et al. [1950] Ruthenium 10 20 wt% eutectic as fine precipitate in primary beryllium Kaufmann et al. [1950] Selenium 1 No observable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... to produce near-net shape components for body implants. Table 1.8 lists the titanium grades as defined by ASTM International and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Most of the grades are alloys with various additions of aluminum, vanadium, nickel, ruthenium, molybdenum, chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and therefore decreases the reflectivity of metallic surfaces. Ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold are the exceptions. These eight metals have such low chemical activity that they are called noble metals. When a metal is heated to a very high temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2