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rolled face-centered-cubic

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... elements, and heat treatment. Its crystal structure at room temperature is body-centered cubic (bcc). Pure iron transforms to a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure above 910 °C (1670 °F). Most alloying elements lower this transformation temperature. Steels Most alloys of iron are called steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... Final separation Moyar ( Ref 5.26 ) 52100 steel Rolling contact Spalling Face-centered cubic materials Bonacuse & Kalluri ( Ref 5.21 ) Haynes 188 Torsion 10% drop Kalluri & Bonacuse ( Ref 5.27 ) Haynes 188 Axial-torsion 10% drop Socie ( Ref 5.28 ) 304 stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... traps carbon atoms that do not have time to diffuse out of the transforming face-centered cubic (fcc) to body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. This martensitic transformation begins during cooling when the austenite reaches the martensite start temperature (M s ). As the temperature is decreased...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... With conventional surface diffusion process techniques such as carburizing and carbonitriding, the steel must be at a suitable austenitizing temperature (depending on the steel composition) after carburizing, followed by quenching (or rapid cooling) to transform the austenite phase (face-centered cubic, or fcc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract The building block of all matter, including metals, is the atom. This chapter initially provides information on atomic bonding and the crystal structure of metals and alloys, followed by a description of three crystal lattice structures of metals: face-centered cubic, hexagonal close...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... The unit cell of gamma iron or austenite is shown in Fig. 3.3 . Austenite also belongs to the cubic crystal system but has a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice. There are a total of four atoms per unit cell with coordinates 0, 0, 0; 0, a /2, a /2; a /2, a /2, 0; a /2, 0, a /2, corresponding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of equilibrium phase diagrams, the role of enthalpy and Gibb’s free energy in chemical reactions, and a method for determining phase compositions along the solidus and liquidus lines. atomic diffusion body-centered cubic systems crystal defects equilibrium phase diagram face-centered cubic systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the long-range order of solids nor the complete disorder of gases. Liquids do, however, possess short-range order. In fact, the structure of liquid metals is very close to the solid that freezes from it. For close-packed metals with the face-centered cubic (fcc) and hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystalline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... is then indexed for successive teeth. In the generating process, the tooth profile is obtained by a tool that simulates one or more teeth of an imaginary generating gear. A relative rolling motion of the tool with the workpiece generates the tooth surface. This method is used in the hobbing, shaping...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... are cubic (with an atom at each corner); body-centered cubic (same as cubic, but also has an atom at the center of the cube); face-centered cubic (same as cubic, but also has an atom at the center of each face, or side); hexagonal; and tetragonal. (2) An electrical circuit consisting of an anode...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... austempered ductile iron consists of two phase mixtures containing ferrite and austenite. austenite. A solid solution of one or more elements in face-centered cubic iron (gamma iron). Unless otherwise designated (such as nickel austenite), the solute is generally assumed to be carbon. austenitic grain size...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... has an atom at the center of the cube); face-centered cubic (same as cubic, but also has an atom at the center of each face, or side); hexagonal; and tetragonal. (2) An electrical circuit consisting of an anode and a cathode in electrical contact with a solid or liquid electrolyte. Corrosion generally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Ti 3 Al D 0 19 (ordered hcp) 1100 2010 1600 2910 4.2 145 21.0 TiAl L 1 0 (ordered tetragonal) 1460 2660 1460 2660 3.91 176 25.5 TiAl 3 D 0 22 (ordered tetragonal) 1350 2460 1350 2460 3.4 … … (a) fcc, face-centered cubic; bcc, body-centered cubic; hcp...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mbheaktmse.t56030021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-418-5
... composition diffusion mechanisms dislocation slip elastic properties face-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys stacking faults strengthening methods twinning Question 1: What Are High-Entropy Alloys? Answer Based on the composition of the alloys, Yeh et al. ( Ref 1 ) first proposed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... cubic (bcc) alpha (α) iron undergoes a phase transformation to face-centered cubic (fcc) gamma (γ) iron. Other atoms small enough to fit in the interstitial spaces of iron atoms are hydrogen, nitrogen, and boron. In general, interstitial atoms can easily diffuse—jumping from one interstitial site...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... identifies the information for each element. For example, the element iron has chemical symbol Fe, atomic number 26, atomic weight 55.85, density of 7.8 g/cm 3 , melting temperature of 1538 °C, and a mixed crystal structure of body-centered cubic/face-centered cubic/body-centered cubic (bcc-fcc-bcc) between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of high valence can dissolve only a small amount of a lower-valence metal, while a lower-valence metal may have good solubility with a higher-valence metal. Rule 4—Lattice Type Factor Only metals that have the same type of lattice structure (e.g., face-centered cubic) can form a complete series...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... At sufficiently low temperatures, metals that possess a bcc or hexagonal close-packed (hcp) microstructure can become brittle and fail by cleavage even though they may be tough at room temperature (only metals with a face-centered cubic, or fcc, microstructure are unaffected by temperature in this way). In metals...